What was the role of religious groups in the development of the anti-colonial feeling in Vietnam?

Dear Student,
Vietnam’s religious beliefs were a mixture of Buddhism, Confucianism and local practices. The elites in Vietnam were educated in Chinese and Confucianism. But religious beliefs among the peasantry were shaped by a variety of syncretic traditions that combined Buddhism and local beliefs. Christianity, introduced by French missionaries, was intolerant of this easygoing attitude and viewed the Vietnamese tendency to revere the supernatural as something to be corrected. This turned many religious movements hostile to the Western presence .Scholars movement in 1868 and the Hoa Hao led to uprisings and attracted the masses by widespreading and developing anti colonial feeling in Vietnam.

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