who made printing press? which book did he print and what was its impact?
The inventer of the printing press was Johannes Gutenberg.
- Gutenberg first printed a bible which was called "Gutenberg's Bible".
- 180 copies were printed.
- Every page of each copy was different.
- Different colours were used within letters in various places.
- It took three years to produce.
- Borders were carefully designed by hand by artists
The Print Revolution and its Impact.
1. Printing press, a new reading public emerged. Reduced the cost of books, now a reading public came
2. Knowledge was transferred orally. Before the age of print books were not only expensive but they
could not be produced in sufficient numbers.
3. But the transition was not so simple. Books could be read only by the literate and the rates of literary
in most European crematories were very low, Oral culture thus entered print and printed material was
orally transmitted. And the hearing public and reading public became intermingled.
Religious Debates and the fear of Print.
1. Print created the possibility of wide circulation of ideas.
2. Through the printed message, they could persuade people to think differently and introduced a new
world of debate and discussion. This had significance in different sphere of life.
3. Many were apprehensive of the effects that the easier access to the printed world and the wider
circulation of books, could have on peoples minds.
4. If that happened the authority of valuable literature would be destroyed, expressed by religious authorities
and monarchs, as well as many writers and artists, achievement of religion areas of Martin Luther.
5. A new intellectual atmosphere and helped spread the new ideas that led to the reformation.
Print culture and the French Revolution :
1. Print popularized the ideas of the enlightenment thinkers. Collectively, their writings provided a critical
connmentary or tradition, superstition and despotism.
2. Print created a new culture of dialogue and debate. All values, forms and institutions were re-evaluated
and discussed by a public that had become aware of the power of reason.
3. 1780s there was an outpouring of literature that mocked the royalty and criticized their morality. In the
process, it raised questions about the existing social order.
4. The print helps the spread of ideas. People did not read just one kind of literature. If they read the
ideas of Voltaire and Rousseau, They were also exposed to monarchic and church propaganda.
5. Print did not directly shape their minds, but it did open up the possibility of thinking differently.
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