Shaurya , asked a question
Subject: Social Science , asked on 23/1/13

Who was Simon (Simon commision). why were indian people disapproved Simon Commision? Why did production wootz steel declined. What was addded in it which made it so sharp and flowing?


Shushrita Das , Meritnation Expert added an answer, on 24/1/13

The Simon Commission was appointed by Tory government in Britain  and it it was headed by Sir John Simon. The revision of the Act of 1919 was necessary as it would decide the fate of further law making for India. It was with this concern that the Commission was appointed.

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Deepak Jangra , added an answer, on 23/1/13
125 helpful votes in Social Science

By 1927, communalism in india threatened to undo any cooperation between Hindu and Muslim. The British however, were soon to take action which restored that cooperation.

The Government of India Act 1919 had introduced the system of [o[diarchy]] to govern the provinces of British India. However, the Indian public clamoured for revision of the difficult diarchy form of government, and the Government of India Act 1919 itself stated that a commission would be appointed after 10 years to investigate the progress of the governance scheme and suggest new steps for reform. In the late 1920s, the Conservative government then in power in Britain feared imminent electoral defeat at the hands of the Labour Party, and also feared the effects of the consequent transference of control of India to such an "inexperienced" body. Hence, it appointed seven MPs (including Chairman Simon) to constitute the commission that had been promised in 1919 that would look into the state of Indian constitutional affairs. The people of the Indian subcontinent were outraged and insulted, as the Simon Commission, which was to determine the future of India, did not include a single Indian member in it. The Indian National Congress, at its December 1927 meeting in Madras (now Chennai), resolved to boycott the Commission and challenged Lord Birkenhead, the Secretary of State for India, to draft a constitution that would be acceptable to the Indian populace. A faction of the Muslim League, led by Mohammed Ali Jinnah, also decided to boycott the Commission.

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