why america THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA why india not THE INDIA

Normally, articles (a, an, the) are used before the names of countries that have the terms "states", "republic" etc in them. For example, you should say the Czech Republic, the United Kingdom and hence, the Unite States of America. However, if you say North America, then you should consider it like a proper noun and not use an article. Since, India is a name of a country and is a proper noun, we do not use any article before it. 

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