Why are cancer patients often given a-interferon as part of the treatment?

Dear student,
Cancer patients are often given alpha interferon as the part of the treatment because it plays an important role in treating kidney tumors, melanoma, lymphoma and leukaemia. The alpha interferon inhibits or stops the production of tumor cell proteins. It helps in extending the duration of the cell cycle and plays an important role in changing the expressions of the oncogene or cancer-causing genes. Thus, cancer patients are given alpha interferon as a part of the treatment.

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This medication is used to treat various cancers (e.g., leukemia, melanoma, AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma). It is also used to treat virus infections (e.g., chronic hepatitis B, chronic hepatitis C, condylomata acuminata). This medication is the same as a protein that your body naturally produces (interferon).
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