why does carbon form only covalent bonds?

Covalent bond is a bound which is formed by the sharing of electrons in the outermost shell of carbon atom, there are four electrons left which are called valence electrons.valence electrons determine the valency of an atom. it requires large amount of energy to lose or gain four electrons..i.e carbon is tetravalent so carbon prefers to share electrons rather than to lose or gain.. u can say that it is friendly in nature..since it shares electrons..since it shares electrons it forms covalent bonds. other reason behind dis is that it has catenation property..i.e it has property of forming long chains..carbon chain can be made up of 60 carbon atoms together.. i hope i m able to answer ur question

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it is a tetra valent compound

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Carbon is a chemical element whose symbol is C and atomic number as 6. It is a member of group 14 in modern periodic table. It is considered as one of the important element for life.

The electronic configuration of carbon is 2, 4. The electron present in its outer-most shell is 4 but for the stability the number of electrons has to be 8. So, carbon can either lose 4 electrons or can gain 4 electrons to complete its octet. But for loosing or gaining electrons from the outer-most shell, we require enormous amount of heat/energy, which is not possible in nature. Hence the four electrons present in the outer-most shell will try to share with other four electrons in order in fulfill their octet. That is why it forms only covalent bonds.

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thanx yar...

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thanx mr.afzal mr.rohit

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Raghav buys the shop for rupees 1,20,000 he pays 1/2 of the amount in cash agrees to pay the balance in 12 annual installment of rupees 5000 each. If the rate of interest is 12% he pays with the installment due on the unpaid amount. Find the total cost of the shop?

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differentiate between saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons

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  1. Atoms willcovalently bondwith other atoms in order to gain more stability, which is gained by forming a fullelectronshell. Bysharingtheir outer most (valence)electrons, atoms can fill up their outerelectronshell and gain stability.
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Being tetravalent carbon atom, it is neither capable of losing all of its four valance electrons nor it can easily accept four electrons to complete its octet. Both of these are requirements of ionic bond formation and are energetically less favourable. Carbon completes its octet by sharing of electrons and hence covalent bonding is preferred.
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carbon only forms covalent compounds because carbon's electronic configuration is 2,4. so it has 4 electrons in it's outermost shell. so it can take 4 electrons or can give away 4 electrons and at a time it is not possible so it tries to mutually share electrons to form covalent compounds
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Covalent bond is a bond which is formed by sharing of electron in the outermost shell of any atom. Carbon forms a covelent bond as it has 4 electrons in the outermost shell and it requires a lot of energy to do so. So its very hard to do so. Due to this carbon can neither donate the electron nor gain the electron so the next option is to share the electron. As per detonation of the covelent compounds it shares the compound, so it forms a covelent compound.
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Covalent bond is a bound which is formed by the sharing of electrons in the outermost shell of carbon atom, there are four electrons left which are called valence electrons.valence electrons determine the valency of an atom. it requires large amount of energy to lose or gain four electrons..i.e carbon is tetravalent so carbon prefers to share electrons rather than to lose or gain.. u can say that it is friendly in nature..since it shares electrons..since it shares electrons it forms covalent bonds. other reason behind dis is that it has catenation property..i.e it has property of forming long chains..carbon chain can be made up of 60 carbon atoms together.
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Because it is in the book ncrt + modi
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Reactivity of an element is explained as a tendency to attain a completely filled outer shell configuration that is to attain noble gas configuration. Corbin has four electron in its outermost shell , It can either gain or loss the electrons. (1) It could gain for electron forming C4 -anions. But it would be difficult for the nucleus with 6 protons to hold on to 10 electrons, that is, 4 extra electrons (2) It would lose four electrons forming C4 + cations. But it would require a large amount of energy to remove 4 electrons leaving behind a carbon cations 6 protons in its nucleus holding on to just two electrons. Thus ,carbon can neither gain or lose electrons but share with other atoms to attain nearest noble gas configuration.
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The atomic number of carbon is 6 .it's atomic configuration is 2-4 . The atomic configuration determines the valancy of an element . Thus carbon has four valancy. So 4 atoms of carbon take part in reaction.the bond is either formed by loosing ,gaining or sharing of electrons.now if carbon gains 4 electrons to become stable it will be not possible for neuclus to hold four extra electrons.and if carbon loose 4 electrons to become stable i.e helium ,much amount of energy is required. So carbon neither form bond by loosing or gaining electron .it form covalent bond by sharing electrons
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Easy answer

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