why does carbon form only covalent bonds?
Covalent bond is a bound which is formed by the sharing of electrons in the outermost shell of carbon atom, there are four electrons left which are called valence electrons.valence electrons determine the valency of an atom. it requires large amount of energy to lose or gain four electrons..i.e carbon is tetravalent so carbon prefers to share electrons rather than to lose or gain.. u can say that it is friendly in nature..since it shares electrons..since it shares electrons it forms covalent bonds. other reason behind dis is that it has catenation property..i.e it has property of forming long chains..carbon chain can be made up of 60 carbon atoms together.. i hope i m able to answer ur question
Carbon is a chemical element whose symbol is C and atomic number as 6. It is a member of group 14 in modern periodic table. It is considered as one of the important element for life.
The electronic configuration of carbon is 2, 4. The electron present in its outer-most shell is 4 but for the stability the number of electrons has to be 8. So, carbon can either lose 4 electrons or can gain 4 electrons to complete its octet. But for loosing or gaining electrons from the outer-most shell, we require enormous amount of heat/energy, which is not possible in nature. Hence the four electrons present in the outer-most shell will try to share with other four electrons in order in fulfill their octet. That is why it forms only covalent bonds.
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