Why is sustainable development essential for the economic growth. Give 5 reasons. Suggest two measures to ensures to ensure sustainable development ? ( 5 marks )

Sustainable development: Development which does not cause overuse of resources, at the same time replenishing the existing resources is called as sustainable development.Sustainable development is essential for economic growth because it means ‘development should take place without damaging the environment, and development in the present should not compromise with the needs of the future generations.’ Preservation of resources determine the economic activities of the nation hence, promote economic growth.

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  • protects people against pollution
  • raises standard of living of existing population
  • improves quality of human life
  • conserves earth's diversity
  • enables communities to care for their own environment
  • changes personal attitude and practises towards environment
  • minimises depletion of natural resources


  • property right must be assigned to individuals or groups of people on natural resources
  • strict regulations must be made to control pollution
  • efforts to replenish renewable resources must be made
  • govt. should impose cost on users in the form of fees or taxes
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