# Why is there no AAA congruence rule ? ( Math - Triangles )

AAA congruency rule doesn't exist as it isn't mandatory that if all the angles of one triangle is equal to all the angles of another triangle then there sides must be equal. They can be different also.

Triangles with all three corresponding angles equal may not be congruent. These triangles will have the same shape but not necessarily the same size. They are called similar triangles

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We can tell whether two triangles are congruent without testing all the sides and all the angles of the two triangles. There are four rules to check for congruent triangles. They are called the SSS ruleSAS ruleASA rule and AAS rule. There is also another rule for right triangles called the Hypotenuse Leg rule. As long as one of the rules is true, it is sufficient to prove that the two triangles are congruent.

### SSS Rule

The Side-Side-Side (SSS) rule states that

If three sides of one triangle are equal to three sides of another triangle, then the triangles are congruent.

### SAS Rule

The Side-Angle-Side (SAS) rule states that

If two sides and the included angle of one triangle are equal to two sides and included angle of another triangle, then the triangles are congruent.

An included angle is the angle formed by the two given sides.

Included Angle Non-included angle

### ASA Rule

The Angle-Side-Angle (ASA) Rule states that

If two angles and the included side of one triangle are equal to two angles and included side of another triangle, then the triangles are congruent.

An included side is the side between the two given angles.

### AAS Rule

The Angle-Angle-Side (AAS) Rule states that

If two angles and a non-included side of one triangle are equal to two angles and a non-included side of another triangle, then the triangles are congruent.

(This rule may sometimes be refered to as SAA).

For the ASA rule the given side must be included and for AAS rule the side given must not be included. The trick is we must use the same rule for both the triangles that we are comparing.

Compare AAS with AAS

Compare ASA with ASA

Compare AAS with ASA Example:

Which of the following conditions would be sufficient for the above triangles to be congruent?

a) a = e, x = u, c = f

b) a = e, y = s, z = t

c) x = u, y = t, z = s

d) a = f, y = t, z = s

Solution for a):

Step 1: a = e gives the S

x = u gives the A

c = f gives the S

Step 2: Beware! and u are not the included angles. This is not SAS but ASS which is not one of the rules. Note that you cannot compare donkeys with triangles!

Answer: a = e, x = u, c = f is not sufficient for the above triangles to be congruent.

Solution for b):

Step 1: a = e gives the S

y = s gives the A

z = t gives the A

Step 2: a and e are non-included sides. Follows the AAS rule.

Answer: a = e, y = s, z = t is sufficient show that the above are congruent triangles.

Solution for c):

Step 1: x = u gives the A

y = t gives the A

z = s gives the A

Step 2: AAA is not one of the rules.

Answer: x = u, y = t, z = s is not sufficient for the above triangles to be congruent.

Solution for d):

Step 1: a, y, z follows AAS (non-included side)

f ,t, s follows the ASA (included side)

Step 2: Comparing AAS with ASA is not allowed

Answer: a = f, y = t, z = s is not sufficient to show that the above are congruent triangles

## Why SSA and AAA Don 't Work as Congruence Shortcuts

AAA Does not Work

Triangles with all three corresponding angles equal may not be congruent. These triangles will have the same shape but not necessarily the same size. They are called similar triangles.

SSA Does not Work

Triangles with two corrsponding sides and one non-included angle equal may not be congruent.

## Hypotenuse Leg Rule

The Hypotenuse-Leg (HL) Rule states that

If the hypotenuse and one leg of a right triangle are equal to the hypotenuse and one leg of another right triangle, then the two right triangles are congruent.

In the right triangles ΔABC and ΔPQR , if AB = PRAC = QR then ΔABC ≡ ΔRPQ .

### CPCTC

CPCTC stands for Corresponding Parts of Congruent Triangles are Congruent.

CPCTC states that

If two or more triangles are proven congruent by: ASA, AAS, SSS, HL, or SAS, then all of their corresponding parts are congruent as well. This can be used to prove various geometrical problems and theorems.

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No, there is no congruency criterion called AAA (Angle-Angle-Angle) congruency.

This can be explained as,
Here, all the angles of ∆ABC are equal to that of ∆PQR.
But, ∆ABC is not congruent to ∆PQR [Since they are of different size]

But, there is similarity criterion called AAA similarity criterion as you see that the above two triangles are similar.
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