Write a brief note on Poultry Farming.
Poultry farming involves large-scale rearing of poultry birds. Poultry farming is undertaken to meet an increased demand of eggs and chicken. It deals with the management of domestic fowl in order to improve the quality andproductivity of egg and chicken.
Improvement in poultry variety is achieved through the process of hybridization or cross breeding. Hybridization between an Indian breed like Aseel and a foreign breed like Leghorn has been done to bring about desirable traits in the improved variety.
Some beneficial varieties are:
Quality and size of eggs
Low maintenance breeds
High resistance to diseases
Tolerance to high temperature
Quality and quantity of chicks
Ability to utilize cheaper diets produced from agricultural wastes
Dwarf boilers for egg production( so that they consume lesser nutrition for body growth)
Poultry birds are bred for eggs and meat
Broilers are reared for meat. They are fed with protein and vitamin-rich supplements (mainly vitamin A and vitamin K), with adequate amounts of fat. This helps in maintaining their feather and carcass quality. It also reduces mortality rate. Nutritional requirements are different for egg and meat production. Food supplemented with respective nutritional needs is provided. Housing of the two types also varies.
For good production of poultry, proper management techniques should be followed. Regular cleaning of the farm is of utmost importance. Maintenance of temperature is also required.
Poultry farming is the raising of domesticated birds such as chickens, turkeys, ducks, and geese, for the purpose of farming meat or eggs for food. Poultry are farmed in great numbers with chickens being the most numerous. More than 50 billion chickens are raised annually as a source of food, for both their meat and their eggs. Chickens raised for eggs are usually called layers whilst chickens raised for meat are often called broilers. In total, the UK alone consumes over 29 million eggs per day. In the US, the national organization overseeing poultry production is the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). In the UK, the national organisation is the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra).