Write any five differences between intermolecular forces and thermal interaction in a tabular form please don't send any link

Dear Student,

The differences between intermolecular forces and thermal source are given below:

Intermolecular Forces Thermal Interaction
Intermolecular forces is the attractive force acting between neighbouring molecules Thermal interaction is due to the virtue of thermal energy which is the sum of the kinetic energies of individual molecules
Inter molecular forces tend to keep the molecules together  The thermal interaction tends to keep the molecules apart
The intermolecular forces dominate in the solid state The thermal interaction dominates in the gaseous state 
Predominance of intermolecular interactions are as follows: 
solid -----> liquid ----> gases
Predominance of thermal interactions are as follows:
gases ----> liquid ----> solid

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  • Inter-molecular force is the attractive force acting between neighboring molecules. Whereas thermal energy is the measure of the sum of the kinetic energy of the individual molecules and particles. So the inter-molecular force of attraction keeps the particles together while the thermal interactions (kinetic energy) make them move apart.
  • Let us say that under standard conditions, a substance X is a solid. At this stage, the inter-molecular forces dominate over the thermal energy of the particles. Thus, the molecules cling together and take up the solid state.
  • When a substance is to be converted from its gaseous state to solid, its thermal energy (or temperature) has to be reduced. On reducing the thermal energy, the particles lose their kinetic energy and consequently, the molecules cling together marking the dominance of inter-molecular forces.
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