write the article on forest our lifeline

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There are many reasons due to which forests are considered as our life line, hence need to be protected like-

humans derive countless direct economic benefits from forests like food (cereals, pulses, fruits), firewood, fibre, construction material, industrial products (tannins, lubricants, dyes, resins, perfumes ) and products of medicinal importance.

Nobody knows how many more medicinally useful plants there are in tropical rain forests waiting to be explored.

It is also the home of diverse wildlife which maintains the ecosystem.

There are other intangible benefits that we derive from naturethe aesthetic pleasures of walking through thick woods, watching spring flowers in full bloom or waking up to a bulbuls song in the morning.

The ethical argument for conserving forests relates to what we owe to millions of plant, animal and microbe species with whom we share this planet.

We need to realise that every species inhabiting the forests has an intrinsic value, even if it may not be of current or anyeconomic value to us.

We have a moral duty to care for their well-being and pass on our biological legacy in good order to future generations.

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There are many reasons due to which forests are considered as our life line, hence need to be protected like-

humans derive countless direct economic benefits from forests like food (cereals, pulses, fruits), firewood, fibre, construction material, industrial products (tannins, lubricants, dyes, resins, perfumes ) and products of medicinal importance.

Nobody knows how many more medicinally useful plants there are in tropical rain forests waiting to be explored.

It is also the home of diverse wildlife which maintains the ecosystem.

There are other intangible benefits that we derive from naturethe aesthetic pleasures of walking through thick woods, watching spring flowers in full bloom or waking up to a bulbuls song in the morning.

The ethical argument for conserving forests relates to what we owe to millions of plant, animal and microbe species with whom we share this planet.

We need to realise that every species inhabiting the forests has an intrinsic value, even if it may not be of current or anyeconomic value to us.

We have a moral duty to care for their well-being and pass on our biological legacy in good order to future generations.

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Forests cover one third of the earths landmass, performing vital functions andservicesaround the world which make our planet alive with possibilities. The forests serve as green lungs and water purifying systems in nature. In fact, 1.6 billion people depend on forests for their livelihoods. They play a key role in our battle against climate change, releasing oxygen into the atmosphere while storing carbon dioxide. Forests feed our rivers and are essential to supplying the water for nearly 50% of our largest cities. They create and maintain soil fertility; they help to regulate the often devastating impact of storms, floods and fires. Forests are the most diverse ecosystems on land, and are home to more than half of the terrestrial species of animals, plants and insects.Forests also provide shelter, jobs, security and cultural relevance for forest-dependent populations. They are the green lungs of the earth, vital to the survival of people everywhere -- all seven billion of us. Forests embody so much of what is good and strong in our lives. Yet despite all of these priceless ecological, economic, social and health benefits, we are destroying the very forests we need to live and breathe. Global deforestation is growing at an alarming rate -- every year, 13 million hectares of forest are destroyed. Anthropogenic factors that can affect forests includelogging,urban sprawl, human-causedforest fires,acid rain,invasive species, and the practice of shifting cultivation. If forests disappear, the amount of Carbon Dioxide in air will increase, resulting in increase of temperature of earth. Furthermore, it would cause global warming as the Carbon Dioxide gas will trap the heat radiated by the earth, resulting in the melting of glaciers.People who depend on forests for their livelihoods are struggling to survive.

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Forests are lifeline of our planet Earth, as they provide fresh and pure oxygen rich air and pure water for our living. A forest consists of several different types of herbs, shrubs, climbers, creepers and trees with branches spread out widely. Such branches are called as crown of the tree. Trees with wide branches planted in a row, provide a roof-like structure, called as canopy. These canopies prevent the sunlight and make the atmosphere dark and cool. The soil of the forest is rich in minerals, thus offering the growth of diverse plants. There are many trees which are as old as 100-200 years. It is nature which enables the germination of seeds and saplings in the forest over a period of time. Some areas of forests have understoreys, that is layer of giant trees, followed by tall trees and then by shrubs and herbs. The plants and animals present in forests vary depending on the climatic and environmental conditions. Forests rich in nutrients:There are several insects and dead, decaying leaves also present in the forest. Sometimes, when an animal dies, scavengers like vultures and wolf prey on dead animals and leave the remaining to be decomposed by other organisms. Some insects and micro-organisms eat up the dead and decaying matter and convert it into black-colored substance called humus. Such organisms are known as decomposers and play a role in providing the soil with natural compost. Hence, there is no wastage in a forest. Green lungs:Forests are also known as green lungs, as they maintain a perfect balance between oxygen and carbon dioxide. Oxygen is created by photosynthesis process and used up by animals which exhale carbon dioxide into the air. In addition, trees of the forest also contribute greatly to the water cycle. Fewer trees would affect the water vapor content released into air, which in turn would affect cloud formation and the pouring of rains further. Forests provide basic needs:Forests are home to plants, animals and several...

Man has been cutting down forests indiscriminately and today the trend is not only to save natural forests but to create artificial ones. Deserts are made to bloom! The Imperial Valley of the Sonoran desert in southern California has been converted into a green patch which yields crops all the year round. Forests are not to be considered merely as a direct source of wealth; they are to be considered in relation to the national economy and geography.

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Forests serve many purposes. They hold together the soil and prevent or minimize soil erosion. The oxygen in the air is replenished by forests and plankton in the sea. Trees and plants, during photosynthesis, absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen. Scientists fear that if forests are destroyed indiscriminately, there will be an increase in carbon dioxide and eventually the sun's rays will become hotter, the polar caps will melt and the ocean level rise and submerge much of our land. Vegetable mould that forests supply increases the fertility of the soil. Forests influence climate. The roots suck up sub-soil water and it is expelled as moisture by foliage. Forests provide sanctuary for animals and birds. It is to he remembered that the rich and varied wild life vanishes in proportion to the forest we destroy.

Industries like paper, rayon. strawboards, matches, insulation boards and wood-panel products are dependent on forests. Indian forests are said to yield 2,500 species of wood, about 18% of which are commercially valuable. Forests are a source of essential oil and medicinal herbs. The lignin and cellulose found in wood are chemically treated to produce valuable drugs like sulfonamide and chloroform. Spruce and fur are used for making airplane and glider parts. Ash and mulberry woods are used for making many sports goods.

Governments all over the world have taken steps to conserve forests: President Franklin Roosevelt of the USA, alarmed by the massive destruction of forests by man, created a conservation corps of two million men to plant trees, dig lakes and build forest roads and in the course of ten years saved the country's forests. Today the trend is not only to save the existing forests but to create artificial ones. Israel is the classic example of a country where a desert has been converted into a garden. The success of this experiment shows that land can be reclaimed and thus increase the food supply of the world. It stands to Israel's credit that within twenty-five years it has doubled the area of its arable land.

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A FOREST HAS SEVERAL TYPES OF PLANTS . MANY ANIMALS MAKE THERE HOMES IN THE BURROWS OF SOIL ,TREE TRUNKS,BARKS,IN THE BRANCHES UNDER THE LEAVES .THE FOREST IS THE NATURAL HABITAT TO MANY PLANTS AND ANIMALS .THE BRANCHES OF TALL TREES (CROWN) FORM A ROOF LIKE STRUCTURE ON PLANTS THIS IS KNOWN AS CANOPIES.GREEN PLANTS OF THE FOREST REALISE OXYGEN AND TAKE CARBONDIOXIED SO THEY ARE CALLED GREEN LUNGS .FORESTS HAS NUMBER OF ORGANISMS WHICH ARE INTERDEPENDENT ON EACH OTHER FOR THERE FOOD i.e. FOOD CHAINFOR EG- GRASS - GRASSHOPPER -FROG -SNAKE-EAGLETHE NUMBER OF FOOD CHAIN WHICH ARE INTERLINKED TO MAKE A FOOD WEB. NO FOOD CHAIN CAN EXIST ALONE AND EACH FOOD CHAIN BEGANS WITH GREEN PLANTS .THE MICRO-ORGANISMS PRESENT IN THE SOIL WHICH CONVERT DEAD AND DECAYED ORGANISM TO HUMUS ARE CALLED DECOMPOSERS .HUMUS SUPPLIES NUTRIENTS TO THE SOIL MAKES THE SOIL SOFT AND SPONGY FOR BETTER GROWTH OF PLANTSNOTHING GOES WASTE IN FORESTS .SOIL IN THE FOREST HELP THE PLANTS .THE PLANTS OF THE FOREST PROTECT THE SOIL FROM SOIL EROSION .FOREST HAS GREAT INFLUENCE CLIMATE ,WATER CYCLE AND PURITY OF AIR .BIRDS AND ANIMALS PLAY AN IMPORTANT ROLE BY DISPERSING SEEDS OF A PLANT AND HELP IN REGENRATION .FOREST PROVIDE AVARIETY OF FOOD TO THE DIFFERENT ORGANISM .

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Forests cover one third of the earths landmass, performing vital functions andservicesaround the world which make our planet alive with possibilities. The forests serve as green lungs and water purifying systems in nature. In fact, 1.6 billion people depend on forests for their livelihoods. They play a key role in our battle against climate change, releasing oxygen into the atmosphere while storing carbon dioxide. Forests feed our rivers and are essential to supplying the water for nearly 50% of our largest cities. They create and maintain soil fertility; they help to regulate the often devastating impact of storms, floods and fires. Forests are the most diverse ecosystems on land, and are home to more than half of the terrestrial species of animals, plants and insects.Forests also provide shelter, jobs, security and cultural relevance for forest-dependent populations. They are the green lungs of the earth, vital to the survival of people everywhere -- all seven billion of us. Forests embody so much of what is good and strong in our lives. Yet despite all of these priceless ecological, economic, social and health benefits, we are destroying the very forests we need to live and breathe. Global deforestation is growing at an alarming rate -- every year, 13 million hectares of forest are destroyed. Anthropogenic factors that can affect forests includelogging,urban sprawl, human-causedforest fires,acid rain,invasive species, and the practice of shifting cultivation. If forests disappear, the amount of Carbon Dioxide in air will increase, resulting in increase of temperature of earth. Furthermore, it would cause global warming as the Carbon Dioxide gas will trap the heat radiated by the earth, resulting in the melting of glaciers.People who depend on forests for their livelihoods are struggling to survive.

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