write the formation of sodium chloride and mg cholide

Sodium chloride can be formed as per the following equation

 2Na + Cl2 -------> 2NaCl

The lewis dot structure is as follows


Magnesium chloride can be formed as follows 

 Mg + Cl2 ------> MgCl2

lewis dot structure for the same is




The formation of HCl can also be shown by one more equation 

 Mg + 2HCl ------> MgCl2 + H2

@ Arpita, very good attempt. Keep it up!!!!

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Sodium chloride is a salt, meaning that it is a chemical compound that consists of a positively charged cation, in this case the sodium ion, and a negatively charged anion, in this case the chloride ion. 

Sodium chloride is an easily soluable salt, so when it is mixed into water, it will turn into chloride and sodium ions. Reversibly, when the water is evaporated from a solution containing sodium and chloride ions, sodium chloride will form. 

An example of the formation of sodium chloride is when the strong base sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and the strong acid hydrochloric acid (HCl) are mixed into the same solution, which is then evaporated: 

NaOH (aq) + HCl (aq) => Na+ (aq) + Cl- (aq) + H2O (l) => NaCl (s) + H2O (g) 


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 if you just want to make magnesium chloride, you could just react magnesium with hydrochloric acid:

Mg(s) + 2HCl (aq) --> MgCl2(aq) + H2(g)

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thank u Arpita......

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my pleasure aayushi !!!!!

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