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Board Paper of Class 12-Science 2013 Chemistry Delhi(SET 3) - Solutions

General Instructions:
(i) All questions are compulsory
(ii) Question numbers 1 to 8 are very short-answer questions and carry 1 mark each.
(iii) Question numbers 9 to 18 are short-answer questions and carry 2 marks each.
(iv) Question numbers 19 to 27 are also short-answer questions and carry 3 marks.
(v) Question numbers 28 to 30 are long-answer questions and carry 5 marks each.
(vi) Use Log Tables, if necessary. Use of calculators is not allowed.
  • Question 1

    What type of substances would make better Permanent Magnets, Ferromagnetic or Ferrimagnetic ? (1)

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  • Question 2

    Arrange the following in increasing order of their basic strength in aqueous solution: (1)

    CH3.NH2, (CH3)3N, (CH3)2NH

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  • Question 3

    What is the composition of ‘Copper matte’? (1)

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  • Question 4

    What is the covalency of nitrogen in N2O5? (1)

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  • Question 6

    Write the IUPAC name of(CH3)2 CH.CH(Cl)CH3. (1)

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  • Question 7

    Which compound in the flowing pair undergoes faster SN1 reaction? (1)

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  • Question 8

    Write the structure of p-Methylbenzaldehyde molecule. 1

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  • Question 9

    What is the difference between multi-molecular and macromolecular colloids? Give one example of each. (2)

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  • Question 10

    (a) Which metal in the first transition series (3d series) exhibits + 1 oxidation state most frequently and why? (2)

    (b) Which of the following cations are coloured in aqueous solutions and why ?

    Sc3+, V3+, Ti4+, Mn2+ (At. Nos. Sc = 21, V = 23, Ti = 22, Mn = 25)

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  • Question 11

    What happens when (2)

    (i) PCl5 is heated ?

    (ii) H3PO3 is heated ?

    Write the reactions involved.

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  • Question 12

    18 g of glucose, C6H12O6 (Molar Mass = 180 g mol−1) is dissolved in 1 kg of water in a sauce pan. At what temperature will this solution boil? (2)

    (Kb for water = 0.52 K kg mol−1, boiling point of pure water = 373.15 K)

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  • Question 13

    Explain the mechanism of the following reaction: (2)

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  • Question 14

    (a) Give an example of zone refining of metals.

    (b) What is the role of cryolite in the metallurgy of aluminium? (2)

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  • Question 15

    Write the dispersed phase and dispersion medium of the following colloidal systems: (2)

    (i) Smoke

    (ii) Milk

    OR

    What are lyophilic and lyophobic colloids ? Which of these sols can be easily coagulated on the addition of small amounts of electrolytes?

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  • Question 16

    The conductivity of 0.20 M solution of KCl at 298 K is 0.025 S cm−1. Calculate its molar conductivity. (2)

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  • Question 17

    Account for the following:

    (i) The C−Cl bond length in chlorobenzene is shorter than that in CH3 − Cl.

    (ii) Chloroform is stored in closed dark brown bottles. (2)

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  • Question 18

    How will you convert: (2)

    (i) Propene to Propan-1-ol?

    (ii) Ethanal to Propan-2-ol?

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  • Question 19

    After watching a programme on TV about the adverse effects of junk food and soft drinks on the health of school children, Sonali, a student of Class XII, discussed the issue with the school principal. Principal immediately instructed the canteen contractor to replace the fast food with the fibre and vitamins rich food like sprouts, salad, fruits etc. This decision was welcomed by the parents and the students. (3)

    After reading the above passage, answer the following questions:

    (a) What value are expressed by Sonali and the Principal of the school?

    (b) Give two examples of water-soluble vitamins.

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  • Question 20

    How would you account for the following? (3)

    (i) Transition metals exhibit variable oxidation states.

    (ii) Zr (Z = 40) and Hf (Z = 72) have almost identical radii.

    (iii) Transition metals and their compounds act as catalyst.

    OR

    Complete the following chemical equations:

    (i)

    (ii)

    (iii)

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  • Question 21

    (a) Which one of the following is a food preservative? (3)

    Equanil, Morphine, Sodium benzoate

    (b) Why is bithional added to soap?

    (c) Which class of drugs is used in sleeping pills?

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  • Question 22

    (a) What type of semiconductor is obtained when silicon is doped with boron? (3)

    (b) What type of magnetism is shown in the following alignment of magnetic moments?

    (c) What type of point defect is produced when AgCl is doped with CdCl2?

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  • Question 23

    Give the structures of products A, B and C in the following reactions:

    (i)

    (ii) (3)

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  • Question 24

    Write the IUPAC names of the following coordination compounds: (3)

    (i) [Cr(NH3)3Cl3]

    (ii) K3[Fe(CN)6]

    (iii) [CoBr2(en)2]+, (en = ethylenediamine)

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  • Question 25

    Determine the osmotic pressure of a solution prepared by dissolving 2.5 × 10−2 g of K2SO4 in 2L of water at 25°C, assuming that it is completely dissociated. (3)

    (R = 0.0821 L atm K−1 mol−1, Molar mass of K2SO4 = 174 g mol−1)

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  • Question 26

    Calculate the emf of the following cell at 298 K: (3)

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  • Question 27

    Write the names and structures of the monomers of the following polymers:

    (i) Bakelite

    (ii) Nylon-6

    (ii) Polythene (5)

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  • Question 28

    (a) Give reasons for the following:

    (i) Bond enthalpy of F2 is lower than that of Cl2.

    (ii) PH3 has lower boiling point than NH3.

    (b) Draw the structures of the following molecules:

    (i) BrF3

    (ii) (HPO3)3

    (iii) XeF4 (5)

    OR

    (a) Account for the following:

    (i) Helium is used in diving apparatus.

    (ii) Fluorine does not exhibit positive oxidation state.

    (iii) Oxygen shows catenation behavior less than sulphur.

    (b) Draw the structures of the following molecules:

    (i) XeF2

    (ii) H2S2O8

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  • Question 29

    (a) Although phenoxide ion has more number of resonating structures than Carboxylate ion, Carboxylic acid is a stronger acid than phenol. Give two reasons.

    (b) How will you bring about the following conversions?

    (i) Propanone to propane

    (ii) Benzoyl chloride to benzaldehyde

    (iii) Ethanal to but-2-enal (5)

    OR

    (a) Complete the following reactions:

    (i)

    (ii)

    (iii)

    (b) Give simple chemical tests to distinguish between the following pairs of compounds:

    (i) Ethanal and Propanal

    (ii) Benzoic acid and Phenol

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  • Question 30

    (a) A reaction is second order in A and first order in B.

    (i) Write the differential rate equation.

    (ii) How is the rate affected on increasing the concentration of A three times?

    (iii) How is the rate affected when the concentrations of both A and B are doubled?

    (b) A first order reaction takes 40 minutes for 30% decomposition. Calculate t1/2 for this reaction. (Given log 1.428 = 0.1548) (5)

    OR

    (a) For a first order reaction, show that time required for 99% completion is twice the time required for the completion of 90% of reaction.

    (b) Rate constant ‘k’ of a reaction varies with temperature ‘T’ according to the equation:

    Where Ea is the activation energy. When a graph is plotted for a straight line with a slope of −4250 K is obtained. Calculate ‘Ea’ for the reaction.

    (R = 8.314 JK−1 mol−1)

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