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Developing Writing Skills

Introduction to Basics of Writing

Objective   

After going through this lesson, you shall be able to understand the following concepts related to Introduction to Basics of Writing and its Characteristics.

 

INTRODUCTION

There are four basic components in language which are as follows:

1. Listening

2. Speaking

3. Reading

4. Writing

 

It is essential to master all the skills of writing, that is, to produce complete written compositions. It is an activity which requires knowledge of words, sentence structures, and appropriate use of grammar. It is important to follow a logical and sequential manner in writing. Writing is one of the major skills that should be developed because of the following reasons:

1. It is an important medium of communication

2. It is used to express idea and opinions.

3. It is important for developing the content and for the composition of any text.

4. Official, as well as, personal records are also maintained in the written form.

5. It helps in creating a permanent documentation.

 

Steps for writing:

Selecting a topic: It is the first process of writing. It can be done by anyone who is taking up the writing and it will include the involvement of an idea, theme, issue or any subject matter that is mentioned properly.

Brainstorming: It is the second step. After selecting the topic, start collecting the ideas clearly and pen down all the important points.

Organising the content: It is the framework to show the written content. Hence, it is required to prepare a list of the main sub-points that should be included. Hence, accumulating all the required material is a mandate and that should be included under the subheading and the points should be sequential. It can be organized with the help of a diagram, that is, in the form of a ray diagram, sequential form, comparison and contrast, problem and solution, and cause and effect. See some of the examples given below to have a better understanding of the diagrams:

 

(I) Ray diagram: In a ray diagram, the main topic is written in the circle and its characteristics are written at the end of the lines.

 

 

(II) Sequential form: In sequential form, a list is given in the appropriate form of presenting the content.

 

 

(III) Comparison and contrast: In this form of the diagram, all the similarities and dissimilarities/ pros and cons are arranged in different columns.

 

 

(IV) Problem and solution: In this form of the diagram, problems are stated and the recommendations are given to solve it.

 

 

(V) Cause and Effect: In this form of the diagram, the cause of any situation and its various effects are shown distinctively.

 

 

 

After seeing all these presentations, it is clear that diagrams help in bringing a clarity in the organisation of content.

 

4. Writing: It is the most important step. It is really important to choose the words wisely and appropriately because it will help in providing an interesting beginning of the article, framing of suitable sentences, a division of paragraphs, which will also let the inclusion of anecdotes and dialogues. Try to make sure that the written material should be effective enough that the readers are able to comprehend it correctly.

 

5. Revising: It is important to revise the written content. You can make additions or subtractions to your content and rearrange it or enhance the words or language so as to present a polished work.

 

6. Editing and proofreading: It is one of the most important steps. It is essential to proofread the content to strike out the grammatical, punctuation, or errors related to the style and structure of sentences.

 

7. Publishing and printing: After performing all the steps, it's time for printing. The ready content can be made available on a website so that readers can use it.

 

 

Objective   

After going through this lesson, you shall be able to understand the following concepts related to Styles of Writing.

 

Styles of writing

 

The style of writing is subjective. Everyone has different and diverse styles of writing A way of writing shows the mood, tone, perspective, personality, and objectives of writing a particular piece. Given below are the four main types of writing:

 

1. Expository: This form of writing seeks to expose, explain and illuminate. Its main function is to spread information and it tries to relay facts for a purpose. This form of writing is completely objective in nature. There is no place of the author's emotions or opinions. It includes textbooks, research papers, news stories, encyclopedias, instruction manuals, essays, reports, etc. See the sample provided below:

 

Reality television

Reality television is a highly-watched form of television worldwide that features unscripted (mostly) shows of people’s personal lives. Why? I think it has to do with the fact that people are curious about how other people are running their lives and what peculiarities are present in the human condition. And also, strangely, people often like to watch other people in trouble or involved in dramas, as it makes their lives seem less stressful and more normal. Anyways, when did reality television first begin to appear and why? We will answer these questions in the following paragraphs. See the sample provided below:

Reality television is much older than most people suspect. It all began in the late 1940s with Queen for a Day, which aired from 1945 to 1964. Though this American TV game show was centered on women winning prizes, there was a portion of

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