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Page No 73:

Question D.1:

This is Rohan. He is not interested in the usual set of professional courses like the ones mentioned above. Do you think he can try his hand at something else? Work in pairs and try to find some courses that he may like from the word maze given below.

Answer:



Page No 74:

Question D.2:

Now that you have identified a few of the courses that Rohan can do, can you guess what would be their job profile and what category they can be placed under? Given below is a table with jobs in column A and the job profile in column B (Jumbled up). Work in pairs to match the column A with column B and column C.

S. N

Jobs A

Profile B

Category C

1.

Fitter

A tradesperson who specializes in installing and maintaining systems used for potable (drinking) water, sewage, and drainage.

Agriculture

2.

Machinist

A person who types, esp for a living

Technology

3.

Foundry man

The science of plant cultivation including the process of preparing soil for the planting of seeds, tubers, or cuttings

Home Science

4.

Electrician

A person who joins two or more pieces of metal together

Humanities

5.

Welder

A person who provides coverage for life and property

Commerce

6.

Typist

An information professional trained in the organization and management of information services or materials for those with information needs.

Agriculture

7.

Retailer

A tradesman specializing in electrical wiring of buildings, stationary machines and related

equipment.

Commerce

8.

Publisher

A person who manufactures various types of articles out of sheet metal

Humanities

9.

Insurance Service Provider

A person who works in a factory that produces metal castings.

Technology

10

Plumber

A person who is in the business of production and dissemination of literature or information

Humanities

11

Designer

A person who makes, repairs, or alters clothing professionally, especially suits and men's clothing.

Commerce

12.

Beautician

A person who uses machine tools to make or modify parts, primarily metalparts

Technology

13.

Librarian

A person who crafts clothes, furniture, crockery ect

Commerce

14.

Tailor

A person who is in the business of rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk.

Technology

15.

Sheet metal worker

A person who is skilled in adornment of body

Technology

16.

Sericulturist

A person who sells goods directly to the consumer.

Technology

17.

Horticulturist

A person who uses machine tools to make or modify parts

Technology

Answer:

The correctly matched table is given below:

S.N

Jobs A

Profile B

Category C

1

Fitter

A person who uses machine tools to make or modify parts, primarily metal parts

Technology

2

Machinist

A person who uses machine tools to make or modify parts

Technology

3

Foundry man

A person who works in a factory that produces metal castings.

Technology

4

Electrician

A tradesman specializing in electrical wiring of buildings, stationary machines and related equipment

Technology

5

Welder

A person who joins two or more pieces of metal together

Technology

6

Typist

A person who types, esp. for a living

Home Science

7

Retailer

A person who sells goods directly to the consumer.

Commerce

8

Publisher

A person who is in the business of production and dissemination of literature or information

Humanities

9

Insurance Service-Provider

A person who provides coverage for life and property

Commerce

10

Plumber

A tradesperson who specializes in installing and maintaining systems used for potable (drinking) water, sewage, and drainage.

Technology

11

Designer

A person who crafts clothes, furniture, crockery etc.

Humanities

12

Beautician

A person who is skilled in adornment of body

Commerce

13

Librarian

An information professional trained in the organization and management of information services or materials for those with information needs.

Humanities

14

Tailor

A person who makes, repairs, or alters clothing professionally, especially suits and men's clothing.

Commerce

15

Sheet metal worker

A person who manufactures various types of articles out of sheet metal

Technology

16

Sericulturist

A person who is in the business of rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk.

Agriculture

17

Horticulturist

The science of plant cultivation including the process of preparing soil for the planting of seeds, tubers, or cuttings

Agriculture



Page No 76:

Question D.4:

After reading the above passage, complete the notes given below:

VOCATIONAL EDUCATION

1.0 What is VE

1.1 Prepares _________________________________________________

1.2 Related to _________________________________________________

1.3 Generally at the ________________________________________ level.

1.4 Focus on____________________ and _________________________

2.0 Need of VE:

2.1 To sustain_________________________________________________

2.2 To provide _________________________________________________

2.3 Creates______________________ by __________________________

2.4 Addresses___________________ through _______________________

3.0 Concerns:

3.1 Low _________________________________________________

3.2 Rigid _________________________________________________

3.3 Obsolete _________________________________________________

3.4 Poor linkage _________________________________________________

4.0 Emerging Fields:

4.1 Globalisation has resulted in ___________________________________

4.2 New fields of employment:

- Hospitality

Answer:

1.0 What is VE: VE stands for Vocational Education which prepares learners for jobs that are based on manual or practical activities. It was traditionally considered non-academic and totally related to a specific trade, occupation or vocation.

1.1 Prepares learners for jobs that are based on manual or practical activities

1.2 Related to a specific trade, occupation or vocation

1.3 Generally at the secondary or post-secondary level

1.4 Focus on development of skills that are needed for specific trades and hence practical work is given greater importance than bookish learning

2.0 Need of VE: To respond to the growing skill requirement

2.1 To sustain the economy

2.2 To provide the requirements of skilled manpower

2.3 Creates more employment opportunities by equipping learners with entrepreneurial skills

2.4 Addresses the changing face of technology through diversified courses

3.0 Concerns:

3.1 Low motivation amongst students to pursue vocational education

3.2 Rigid mindset of parents and educators in accepting vocational courses

3.3 Obsolete state of many vocational courses

3.4 Poor linkage between institutions offering vocational courses and the private sector

4.0 Emerging Fields:

4.1 Globalisation has resulted in opening up of new sectors in both manufacturing and service industries

4.2 New fields of employment:

  • Hospitality

  • Fashion Technology

  • Film and Television

  • Information Technology

  • Retail

  • Healthcare



Page No 77:

Question D.5:

Based on the information provided in this section along with the input given below write an article on "The growing need for Vocational Education"/

"Education Curriculum requires fresh perspective"

Answer:

This question is to be answered on the basis of your own understanding, experience and thoughts. It is strongly recommended that you prepare the solution on your own. However, a sample solution has been provided for your reference.

The growing need for Vocational Education

Education is a process which empowers a student to think for himself/herself and make his/her decisions in life. However, the present day education system puts emphasis on rote-learning and unhealthy competition. This often leads students to depression and even suicide at times. However, if a student is allowed to pursue his/her own interests then their personalities would bloom and they would also be successful in their careers.

There exists a disparity between market demands and the skills of India’s educated youth.

For example, every year 650,000 engineering graduates pass out of whom nearly two thirds need to be re-skilled, so that they can get jobs in the industry. The developed world requires knowledge workers and skilled professionals. By 2020, the developed world will have a shortage of 40 million working people, says a report.

These figures reveal the shortage of skilled man power in India in comparison to the jobs existing in the market. This mismatch occurs due to many reasons.

A few of them are as follows:

A. Low motivation amongst students to pursue vocational education

B. The rigid mindset of parents and educators in accepting vocational courses

C. Many vocational courses that are being offered have become obsolete

D. There is poor linkage between institutions offering vocational courses and the private sector. Students often find it difficult to secure proper employment immediately after completing their courses.

In order to keep up with the market demands of India, students should be encouraged to take up vocational education. They should be allowed to study the subjects they like. Teachers and parents must become more open minded about students’ career and life choices. There should be enough infrastructure to support vocational education. Educational institutes could link up with Companies and Corporations so that students can be employed soon after they complete their studies. These are a few ways in which the gap between vocational education and market demand for skilled manpower can be bridged.



Page No 80:

Question D.6:

Your school is planning to close down two vocational courses at + two level as the enrolment has not been very encouraging. However, the school has decided to hold a debate concerning this issue. The team that is able to convince the students will be the deciding factor for the courses.

Based on all the inputs provided in the section, hold a class debate on the following topic:

"Education should be skill based rather than knowledge based"

Divide the class into four groups, two FOR the motion and two AGAINST the motion. In your groups choose:

Group Leader: To co ordinate the work

Group speaker: To effectively deliver the views

Group Secretary: To note down the points discussed

A Chairperson, Debate Secretary and Time keeper will be appointed to conduct the debate.

Answer:

This question is to be answered on the basis of your own understanding, experience and thoughts. It is strongly recommended that you prepare the solution on your own. However, some pointers have been provided for your reference.

Vocational education is necessary:

  • To develop skilled manpower through diversified courses to meet the requirements of mainly the unorganised sector and to instill self- employment skills in people through a large number of self employment oriented courses;

  • To prepare students for identified vocations spanning several areas of activity;

  • To build up a formidable work force of international quality.



Page No 80:

Question D.8:

Your school has decided to introduce Mass Media Studies as a subject under the vocational stream. This is going to help students who want to pursue a career in films, its production and other attached fields. Write a notice for your school notice board informing all students who are studying in class X regarding the course.

Writing a notice A notice is information regarding an important event that is about to happen or that has happened. It is publicly displayed -- a kind of information for others to know and follow:

  • The notice must contain complete information

  • The message with essential details includes:

  • an eye-catching caption - preferably a phrase and not a sentence

  • important details

  • the name of the body / organisation organising the event

Answer:

This question is to be answered on the basis of your own understanding, experience and thoughts. It is strongly recommended that you prepare the solution on your own. However, a sample solution has been provided for your reference.

JAWAHAR NAVODYA VIDYALAYA, VADODARA

22 March 2011 NOTICE

Introduction to Mass Media Studies

Introduction to Mass Media Studies for the students of class X on

Tuesday, 22nd March between 2pm to 4pm in the school auditorium.

This is going to help students who want to pursue a career in films, its production and other attached fields. Renowned teachers from the Institute of Mass Communication (IMC) will be there to talk about and discuss the new course.

Students interested in participating should be seated in the auditorium by 2 pm.

Administration



Page No 82:

Question D.9:

Rahul iis not only your co worker but also a good friend. When you see him working with so much diligence and dedication, you feel happy at having supported him when his father was against him learning to be a Machinist. Write a narrative piece on Rahul's journey of self realization and success and how your support helped him achieve his ambition.

Answer:

This question is to be answered on the basis of your own understanding, experience and thoughts. It is strongly recommended that you prepare the solution on your own. However, a sample solution has been provided for your reference.

Rahul has been my friend since high school. We both enjoyed playing volleyball in school and got along well. As our 12th standard classes were coming to an end, we both were confused about our career choices. We both were fascinated by machines. We even built our own radio by looking up the instructions on the internet. Gradually it became clear that I was going to go for a vocational course which would help me become a machinist. My parents too were supportive of this choice.

However, Rahul’s father was furious at him when he asked him about joining the course. He had other plans for Rahul. There were lots of arguments at his home about this issue. Throughout this time I was supportive of Rahul and his career choice. With the help of my parents and Rahul’s mother, we were all able to convince his father to allow him to join the course. It was a struggle which was worthwhile as today Rahul is a successful machinist. He enjoys his work and is very content with his life. Everyone, including his father, is very proud of his work and the career choice that he has made.



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