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Nouns

Proper and Common Nouns

Introduction to Nouns

A Noun is a name. This name can be that of a living being, a place, a thing or an idea.

For example:

Vinod is a friendly boy.

(‘Vinod’ and ‘boy’ are both names of living beings.)

I am standing on the road near India Gate.

(‘Road’ and ‘India Gate’ are both names of places.)

The only soft drink that he drinks is Pepsi.

(‘Soft drink’ and ‘Pepsi’ are both names of things.)

He will come in the month of June.

(‘Month’ and ‘June’ are both names of ideas.)

Proper and Common Nouns

Now, the next thing to know is that a noun can be the particular name of a living being, place, thing or idea. In the above examples, ‘Vinod’, ‘India Gate’, ‘Pepsi’ and ‘June’ are all particular names. Such particular names are known as Proper Nouns.

So, then what are ‘boy’, ‘road’, ‘soft drink’ and ‘month’? These nouns are the general names of a living being, place, thing and idea. Such general names are known as Common Nouns.

Hence, proper nouns are the unique names of living beings, places, things and ideas; while common nouns are the names of living beings, places, things and ideas of the same kind or class.

For example:

Naina is a good girl.

(‘Naina’ is a proper noun and ‘girl’ is a common noun.)

This rhinoceros is called Pintoo.

(‘Pintoo’ is a proper noun and ‘rhinoceros’ is a common noun.)

January is the first ...

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