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Board Paper of Class 10 2019 Maths Delhi(Set 2) - Solutions

General Instructions:

(i) All questions are compulsory.

(ii) The question paper consists of 30 questions divided into four sections – A, B, C and D.

(iii) Section A comprises 6 questions of 1 mark each. Section B contains 6 questions of 2 marks each. Section C contains 10 questions of 3 marks each. Section D contains 8 questions of 4 marks each.

(iv) There is no overall choice. However, an internal choice has been provided in two questions of 1 mark, two questions of 2 marks, four questions of 3 marks each and three questions of 4 marks each. You have to attempt only one of the alternative in all such questions.

(v) Use of calculators is not permitted.

  • Question 1
    Find the coordinates of a point A, where AB is a diameter of the circle with centre (–2, 2) and B is the point with coordinates (3, 4). VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 2
    Find a rational number between 2 and 3. VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 3
    How many two digits numbers are divisible by 3? VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 4
    Find A if tan 2A = cot (A – 24°)

    OR

    Find the value of (sin2 33° + sin2 57°) VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 5
    For what value of k, the roots of the equation x2 + 4x + k = 0 are real?

    OR

    Find the value of k for which the roots of the equation 3x2 – 10x + k = 0 are reciprocal of each other. VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 6
    In Fig. 1, DE || BC, AD = 1 cm and BD = 2 cm. What is the ratio of the ar (Δ ABC) to the ar (Δ ADE)?

    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 7
    Find the value of k for which the following pair of linear equations have infinitely many solutions. 2x + 3y = 7, (k + 1) x + (2k – 1) y = 4k + 1 VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 8
    A die is thrown once. Find the probability of getting a number which (i) is a prime number (ii) lies between 2 and 6. VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 9
    Find the ratio in which the segment joining the points (1, –3) and (4, 5) is divided by x-axis? Also find the coordinates of this point on x-axis. VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 10
    A game consists of tossing a coin 3 times and noting the outcome each time. If getting the same result in all the tosses is a success, find the probability of losing the game. VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 11
    Which term of the AP 3, 15, 27, 39, .... will be 120 more than its 21st term?

    OR

    If Sn, the sum of first n terms of an AP is given by Sn = 3n2 – 4n, find the nth term. VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 12
    Find the HCF of 1260 and 7344 using Euclid's algorithm.

    OR

    Show that every positive odd integer is of the form (4q + 1) or (4q + 3), where q is some integer. VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 13

    The arithmetic mean of the following frequency distribution is 53. Find the value of k.

    Class 0-20 20-40 40-60 60-80 80-100
    Frequency 12 15 32 k 13
     
    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 14
    Find the area of the segment shown in Fig. 2, if radius of the circle is 21 cm and ∠AOB = 120° Use π=227
    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 15
    In Fig. 3, ∠ACB = 90° and CD ⊥ AB, prove that CD2 = BD × AD.

    OR

    If P and Q are the points on side CA and CB respectively of Δ ABC, right angled at C, prove that (AQ2 + BP2) = (AB2 + PQ2) VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 16
    In Fig. 4, a circle is inscribed in a Δ ABC having sides BC = 8 cm, AB = 10 cm and AC = 12 cm. Find the lengths BL, CM and AN.
    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 17
    Water in a canal, 6 m wide and 1.5 m deep, is flowing with a speed of 10 km/hour. How much area will it irrigate in 30 minutes; if 8 cm standing water is needed? VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 18
    Prove that 2 is an irrational number. VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 19
    Find the value of k such that the polynomial x2 − (k + 6)+ 2(2k −1) has sum of its zeros equal to half of their product. VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 20
    Find the point on y-axis which is equidistant from the points (5, −2) and (−3, 2).

    OR

    The line segment joining the points A(2, 1) and B(5, −8) is trisected at the points P and Q such that P is nearer to A. If P also lies on the line given by 2x − y + k = 0, find the value of k. VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 21
    A father's age is three times the sum of the ages of his two children. After 5 years his age will be two times the sum of their ages. Find the present age of the father.
    Or
    A fraction becomes 13 when 2 is subtracted from the numerator and it becomes 12 when 1 is subtracted from the denominator. Find the fraction. VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 22
    Prove that (sin θ + cosec θ)2 + (cos θ + sec θ)2 = 7 + tanθ + cotθ.
                                                Or
    Prove that (1 + cot A − cosec A) (1 + tan A + sec A) = 2 VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 23
    Prove that tan2 Atan2A-1+cosec2Asec2A-cosec2A=11-2cos2A VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 24
    The first term of an AP is 3, the last term is 83 and the sum of all its terms is 903. Find the number of terms and the common difference of the AP. VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 25
    Construct a triangle ABC with side BC = 6 cm, ∠B = 45°, ∠A = 105°. Then construct another triangle whose sides are 34 times the corresponding sides of the ∆ ABC. VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 26
    If the median of the following frequency distribution is 32.5. Find the values of f1 and f2.
    Class 0 – 10 10 – 20 20 – 30 30 – 40 40 – 50 50 – 60 60 – 70 Total
    Frequency f1 5 9 12 f2 3 2 40

    OR

    The marks obtained by 100 students of a class in an examination are given below.
     
    Mark No. of Students
    0 – 5 2
    5 – 10 5
    10 – 15 6
    15 – 20 8
    20 – 25 10
    25 – 30 25
    30 – 35 20
    35 – 40 18
    40 – 45 4
    45 – 50 2

    Draw 'a less than' type cumulative frequency curves (ogive). Hence find median. VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 27
    Prove that in a right angle triangle, the square of the hypotenuse is equal the sum of squares of the other two sides. VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 28
    A bucket open at the top is in the form of a frustum of a cone with a capacity of 12308.8 cm3. The radii of the top and bottom of circular ends of the bucket are 20 cm and 12 cm respectively. Find the height of the bucket and also the area of the metal sheet used in making it. (Use π = 3.14) VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 29
    Two water taps together can fill a tank in 178 hours. The tap with longer diameter takes 2 hours less than the tap with smaller one to fill the tank separately. Find the time in which each tap can fill the tank separately.

    OR

    A boat goes 30 km upstream and 44 km downstream in 10 hours. In 13 hours, it can go 40 km upstream and 55 km downstream. Determine the speed of the stream and that of the boat in still water. VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 30
    A man in a boat rowing away from a light house 100 m high takes 2 minutes to change the angle of elevation of the top of the light house from 60° to 30°.
    Find the speed of the boat in metres per minute. Use 3=1.732

    OR

    Two poles of equal heights are standing opposite each other on either side of the road, which is 80 m wide. From a point between them on the road, the angles of elevation of the top of the poles are 60° and 30° respectively. Find the height of the poles and the distances of the point from the poles. VIEW SOLUTION
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