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Arithmetic Progressions

Question 3:

In an AP

(i) Given a = 5, d = 3, an = 50, find n and Sn.

(ii) Given a = 7, a13 = 35, find d and S13.

(iii) Given a12 = 37, d = 3, find a and S12.

(iv) Given a3 = 15, S10 = 125, find d and a10.

(v) Given d = 5, S9 = 75, find a and a9.

(vi) Given a = 2, d = 8, Sn = 90, find n and an.

(vii) Given a = 8, an = 62, Sn = 210, find n and d.

(viii) Given an = 4, d = 2, Sn = − 14, find n and a.

(ix) Given a = 3, n = 8, S = 192, find d.

(x)Given l = 28, S = 144 and there are total 9 terms. Find a.

Answer:

(i) Given that, a = 5, d = 3, an = 50

As an = a + (n − 1)d,

∴ 50 = 5 + (n − 1)3

45 = (n − 1)3

15 = n − 1

n = 16

(ii) Given that, a = 7, a13 = 35

As an = a + (n − 1) d,

a13 = a + (13 − 1) d

35 = 7 + 12 d

35 − 7 = 12d

28 = 12d

(iii)Given that, a12 = 37, d = 3

As an = a + (n − 1)d,

a12 = a + (12 − 1)3

37 = a + 33

a = 4

(iv) Given that, a3 = 15, S10 = 125

As an = a + (n − 1)d,

a3 = a + (3 − 1)d

15 = a + 2d (i)

On multiplying equation (1) by 2, we obtain

30 = 2a + 4d (iii)

On subtracting equation (iii) from (ii), we obtain

−5 = 5d

d = −1

From equation (i),

15 = a + 2(−1)

15 = a − 2

a = 17

a10 = a + (10 − 1)d

a10 = 17 + (9) (−1)

a10 = 17 − 9 = 8

(v)Given that, d = 5, S9 = 75

As...

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