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Pair Of Linear Equations In Two Variables

Question 1:

Form the pair of linear equations in the following problems, and find their solutions graphically.

(i) 10 students of Class X took part in a Mathematics quiz. If the number of girls is 4 more than the number of boys, find the number of boys and girls who took part in the quiz.

(ii) 5 pencils and 7 pens together cost Rs 50, whereas 7 pencils and 5 pens together cost Rs 46. Find the cost of one pencil and that of one pen.

Answer:

(i) Let the number of girls be x and the number of boys be y.

According to the question, the algebraic representation is

x + y = 10

xy = 4

For x + y = 10,

x = 10 − y

x

5

4

6

y

5

6

4

For xy = 4,

x = 4 + y

...

x

5

4

3

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