Board Paper of Class 10 2005 Science (SET 1) - Solutions
(i) The question paper consists of two sections, A and B. You are to attempt both the sections.
(ii) All questions are compulsory.
(iii) There is no overall choice. However, internal choice has been provided.
(iv) All questions of Section A and all questions of Section B are to be attempted separately.
(v) Questions number 1 to 5 in Section A and 21 to 23 in Section B are short answer type questions. These questions carry one mark each.
(vi) Questions number 6 to 10 in Section A and 24 to 25 in Section B are short answer type questions and carry two marks each.
(vii) Questions number 11 to 17 in Section A and 26 to 29 in Section B are also short answer type questions and carry three marks each.
(viii) Questions number 18 to 20 in section A and question number 30 in section B are long answer type questions and carry five marks each.
- Question 1
Give an example of photochemical reactions.VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 2
Name a metal which offers higher resistance to the passage of electricity than copper.VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 3
State a reaction in which SO2 acts as an oxidising agent.VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 4
Where will the image be formed by a concave mirror when an object is placed between the pole and the focus point of the mirror?VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 5
Which has a higher resistance: a 50 W lamp bulb or a 25 W lamp bulb and how many times?VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 6
How is plaster of Paris chemically different from gypsum? How may they be interconverted? Write one use of plaster of Paris.VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 7
Allotropy is a property shown by which class of substances, elements, compounds or mixtures? Give one example of allotropy.VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 8
Draw diagrams to distinguish between 'equatorial orbit' and 'polar orbit' of artificial satellites of earth.VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 9
With respect to air, the refractive indices of water and benzene are 1.33 and 1.50 respectively. Calculate the refractive index of benzene with respect to water.VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 10
What is the cause of release of unusually large energies in nuclear fission reactions? How is the energy per fission calculated?
What is a thermal neutron? Draw a schematic diagram depicting fission of a U-235 nucleus on absorption of a thermal neutron.VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 11
(a) State the relation between hydrogen ion concentration of an aqueous solution and its pH.VIEW SOLUTION
(b) The pH of an aqueous solution decreases from 3 to 2. Calculate how many times the hydrogen ion concentration of the solution will change.
- Question 12
Explain the following regarding the manufacture of ammonia by Haber's process, The reaction being;
(i) This reaction is carried out at a high temperature even though it is an exothermic reaction.VIEW SOLUTION
(ii) To make ammonia, the mixture of N2 and H2 gases is passed over heated iron.
- Question 13
(i) Distinguish between an addition polymer and a condensation polymer.VIEW SOLUTION
(ii) Choose one condensation polymer and one addition polymer from amongst the following:
nylon, teflon, neoprene, polyester
(iii) Write a chemical equation for the reaction involved in the formation of a polyamide.
- Question 14
(a) Write the chemical equation representing the reaction for the preparation of methanal from methanol.
(b) What happens when methanal is mixed with:
(i) Ammoniacal silver nitrate solution and the mixture is warmed
(ii) Fehling's reagent and the mixture is warmed
(c) Complete the reaction equation:
CH3CHO + HCN→
Write the formulae for the given compounds and name the functional groups present in each of them:VIEW SOLUTION
(i) Ethanoic acid (ii) Propanone (iii) Nitromethane
- Question 15
A torch bulb is rated 2.5 V and 750 mA. Calculate (i) its power, (ii) its resistance and (iii) the energy consumed if this bulb is lighted for four hours.VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 16
Name three forms in which energy from oceans is made available for use. What are OTEC power plants? How do they operate?VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 17
Describe briefly the Big Bang Theory of the origin of universe.VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 18
(a) Write chemical equations for the reactions involved in obtaining pure alumina from the mineral bauxite which has impurities of iron oxide and silica.
(b) Draw a labelled diagram of the electrolytic tank cell used for the extraction of aluminium from alumina.
(a) What is corrosion of metals? Name one metal which does not corrode and one which corrodes on being kept in atmosphere.
(b) How will you show that the rusting of iron needs oxygen and moisture at the same time?VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 19
Explain the following terms used in relation to defects in vision and corrections provided for them:
(i) Myopia (ii) Astigmatism (iii) Bifocal lenses (iv) Far sightedness
(b) Describe with a ray diagram how a person with myopia can be helped by spectacles.
(a)What is a 'simple microscope? Draw diagrams to show the image formed by a simple microscope with the eye focussed:
(i) on near point (ii) at infinity
(b)What is the maximum magnification obtainable by a simple microscope?VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 20
(a) What are 'magnetic field lines'? How is the direction of a magnetic field at a point determined?VIEW SOLUTION
(b) Draw two field lines around a bar magnet along its length on its two sides and mark the field directions on them by arrow marks.
(c) List any three properties of magnetic field lines.
- Question 21
Write the expanded form of the abbreviation AIDS.VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 22
Why is one arm in sub-metacentric chromosome longer than the other?VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 23
What is 'Green House Effect'?VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 24
What is 'eutrophication'? Write its two harmful effects.VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 25
List any four practices which help in protecting our environment.
Describe any four modes of disposal of waste.
- Question 26
What is 'translocation'? Why is it essential for plants? Where in plants are the following synthesized: (i) Sugars (it) Hormones
What is 'clotting of blood'? Write a flow chart showing major events taking place in clotting of blood.VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 27
Draw a diagram of human brain and label on it the following of its parts:VIEW SOLUTION
(i) Cerebrum (ii) Meninges
(iii) Medulla Oblongata (iv) Cerebellum
- Question 28
Differentiate between 'self pollination' and 'cross pollination'. Describe 'double fertilization' in plants.VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 29
What is 'organic evolution'? How do embryological studies provide evidence for evolution?VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 30
Explain the process of 'photosynthesis' in plants. List four factors which influence this process and describe how each of them affects the rate of the photosynthesis process.VIEW SOLUTION