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Board Paper of Class 10 2006 Science (SET 1) - Solutions

General Instructions:
(i) The question paper consists of two sections, A and B. You are to attempt both the sections.
(ii) All questions are compulsory.
(iii) There is no overall choice. However, internal choice has been provided. 
(iv) All questions of Section A and all questions of Section B are to be attempted separately.
(v) Questions number 1 to 4 in Section A and 17 to 18 in Section B are short answer type questions. These questions carry one mark each.
(vi) Questions number 5 to 8 in Section A and 19 to 20 in Section B are short answer type questions and carry two marks each.
(vii) Questions number 9 to 14 in Section A and 21 to 23 in Section B are also short answer type questions and carry three marks each.
(viii) Questions number 15 to 16 in section A and question number 24 in section B are long answer type questions and carry  five marks each.
  • Question 1

    What is the purpose of quenching steel?

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  • Question 2

    What constitutes the field of a magnet?

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  • Question 3

    What is the advantage of the third wire of earth connection in domestic electric appliances?

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  • Question 4

    Name the process of large energy production in the Sun.

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  • Question 5

    What is efflorescence? Give an example.

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  • Question 6

    Draw a ray diagram to show the

    (i) position and

    (ii) nature of the image formed when an object is placed between focus F and pole P of a concave mirror.

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  • Question 7

    Give one example of each and state the role of

    (i) a moderator and

    (ii) a coolant in a nuclear reactor

    OR

    Complete the following nuclear reaction equations:

    (i) 13AI27 + 2He4 --------> 14Si30 + ………..

    (ii) 13AI27 + 1H1 ---------> 14Si27 + …….......

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  • Question 8

    (i) If you observe the position of a star at a fixed time everyday, how many degrees higher will it appear after a month of 30 days?

    (ii) Describe an activity to show that a star moves a certain angle in the sky relative to its position the previous day.

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  • Question 9

    (i) An aqueous solution has a pH value of 7.0. Is this solution acidic, basic or neutral?

    (ii) If Hconcentration of a solution is 1 x 10-2 mol L-1, what is the pH value for it?

    (iii) Which has a higher pH value, 1 M HC1 or 1 M NaOH solution?

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  • Question 10

    Describe with a labelled diagram, the Froth Floatation Process used to separate the gangue from a Sulphide ore.

    OR

    Name a major ore from which iron is extracted. Write chemical equations for the reactions that take place in the blast furnace for the extraction of iron from this ore.

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  • Question 11

    Give reasons for the following:

    (i) Metals are regarded as electro-positive elements.

    (ii) When a piece of copper metal is added to a solution of zinc sulphate, no change takes place, but the blue colour of copper sulphate fades away when a piece of zinc is placed in its solution.

    (iii) Articles made of aluminium do not corrode even though aluminium is an active metal.

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  • Question 12

    (i) What is the ‘fermentation process’?

    (ii) Name the gas evolved during the fermentation process.

    (iii) List the two products formed when the enzyme invertase acts on sugar present in molasses.

    OR

    Complete the following equations and write the names of products formed

    (i)

    (ii)

    (iii)

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  • Question 13

    A 5.0 cm tall object is placed perpendicular to the principal axis of a convex lens of focal length 20 cm. The distance of the object from the lens is 30 cm. By calculation determine (i) the position, and (ii) the size of the image formed.

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  • Question 14

    (i) Draw a schematic diagram of a circuit consisting of a battery of five 2 V cells, a 5 Ohm resistor, a 10 Ohm resistor and a 15 Ohm resistor, and a plug key, all connected in series.

    (ii) Calculate the electric current passing through the above circuit when the key is closed.

     

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  • Question 15

    (i) Why Sulphuric acid is called the ‘king of chemicals’?

    (ii) Name the gas evolved when:

    (a) Concentrated Sulphuric acid acts on Sulphur

    (b) Dilute Sulphuric acid acts on Sodium carbonate

    (iii) State the colour change you would observe on adding concentrated Sulphuric acid to:

    (a) Blue Copper sulphate crystals

    (b) Colourless cane-sugar crystals

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  • Question 16

    (i) Distinguish between renewable and non-renewable sources of energy giving one example of each.

    (ii) Why is the use of wood as a fuel not advised although forests can be replenished?

    OR

    (i) Write the value of solar constant of Sun.

    (ii) What type of mirror is used in Box Type Solar Cooker?

    (iii) Why it is difficult to use hydrogen as a source of energy?

    (iv) What is the maximum temperature attained in a concave reflector type solar cooker?

    (v) Fossil fuels are classified as non-renewable source of energy. Explain why.

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  • Question 18

    Name the type of blood vessels which carry blood from organs to the heart.

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  • Question 19

    What is meant by a biodegradable waste? Which of the following is/are biodegradable?

    Agricultural residue, Plastics, Insecticides, Sewage

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  • Question 20

    Suggest any two ways to strike a balance between environment and development.

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  • Question 21

    Draw the diagram of a palisade cell of a plant leaf and label the following in it:

    (i) Chloroplast

    (ii) Vacuole

    (iii) Cytoplasm

    (iv) Nucleus

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  • Question 22

    Describe the central nervous system in human beings under the following heads:

    (i) Regions included

    (ii) Three functions of any one region

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  • Question 23

    When is blood clotting useful? In a flow chart, illustrate the four major events involved in blood clotting.

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  • Question 24

    (i) What is ‘genetics’?

    (ii) Give the common name of the plant on which Mendel performed his experiments.

    (iii) What for did Mendel use the term factors and what are these factors called now?

    (iv) What are genes? Where are the genes located?

    OR

    (i) Who provided the evidence of DNA as a genetic material?

    (ii) Why is DNA called as polynucleotide?

    (iii) List the three important features of double helical model of DNA.

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