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Board Paper of Class 10 2010 Science (SET 3) - Solutions

General Instructions:
(i) The question paper comprises of two sections, A and B. You are to attempt both the sections
(ii) All questions are compulsory
(iii) There is no overall choice. However, internal choice has been provided in all the three questions of five marks category. Only one option in such questions is to be attempted
(iv) All questions of Section A and all questions of Section B are to be attempted separately
(v) Questions number 1 to 6 in Section A and 17 to 19 in Section B are short answer type questions. These questions carry one mark each
(vi) Questions number 7 to 10 in Section A and 20 to 24 in Section B are short answer type questions and carry two marks each
(vii) Questions number 11 to 14 in Section A and 25 and 26 in Section B are also short answer type questions and carry three marks each
(viii) Questions number 15 and 16 in section A and question number 27 in section B are long answer type questions and carry five marks each

  • Question 1

    Name the part of our eyes that helps us to focus near and distant objects in quick succession.


  • Question 2

    The outer surface of a hollow sphere of aluminium of radius 50 cm is to be used as a mirror. What will be the focal length of this mirror? Which type of spherical mirror will it provide?


  • Question 3

    What is nature of the image formed by a concave mirror if the magnification produced by the mirror is + 4?


  • Question 4

    A charged particle enters at right angles into a uniform magnetic field as shown. What should be the nature of charge on the particle if it begins to move in a direction pointing vertically out of the page due to its interaction with the magnetic field?


  • Question 5

    On what basis is a chemical equation balanced?


  • Question 6

    State two characteristic features of carbon which when put together give rise to a large number of carbon compounds.


  • Question 7

    Write any two observations in an activity which may suggest that a chemical reaction has taken place. Give an example in support of your answer.


  • Question 8

    What are fossil fuels? Write two disadvantages of burning fossil fuels.


  • Question 9

    Two coils A and B of insulated wires are kept close to each other. Coil A is connected to a galvanometer while coil B is connected to a battery through a key. What would happen if

    (i) a current is passed through coil B by plugging the key, and

    (ii) the current is stopped by removing the plug from the key?

    Explain your answer mentioning the name of the phenomena involved.


  • Question 10

    What is a solenoid? Draw the pattern of magnetic field lines of a solenoid through which a steady current flows. What does the pattern of field lines inside the solenoid indicate?


  • Question 11

    What is Hypermetropia (far sightedness)? Draw a ray diagram to show how this defect can be corrected using a lens.


  • Question 12

    Mention any four limitations in harnessing wind energy on a large scale.


  • Question 13

    At what distance should an object be placed from a lens of focal length 25 cm to obtain its image on a screen placed on the other side at a distance of 50 cm from the lens? What will be the magnification produced in this case?


  • Question 14

    Atoms of eight elements A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H have the same number of electronic shells but different number of electrons in their outermost shell. It was found that elements A and G combine to form an ionic compound. This compound is added in a small amount to almost all vegetable dishes during cooking. Oxides of elements A and B are basic in nature while those of E and F are acidic. The oxide of D is almost neutral. Based on the above information answer the following questions:

    (i) To which group or period of the periodic table do the listed elements belong?

    (ii) What would be the nature of compound formed by a combination of elements B and F?

    (iii) Which two of these elements could definitely be metals?

    (iv) Which one of the eight elements is most likely to be found in gaseous state at room temperature?

    (v) If the number of electrons in the outermost shell of elements C and G be 3 and 7 respectively, write the formula of the compound formed by the combination of C and G.


  • Question 15

    No chemical reaction takes place when granules of a solid, A, are mixed with the powder of another solid, B. However when the mixture is heated, a reaction takes place between its components. One of the products, C, is a metal and settles down in the molten state while the other product, D, floats over it. It was observed that the reaction is highly exothermic.

    (i) Based on the given information make an assumption about A and B and write a chemical equation for the chemical reaction indicating the conditions of reaction, physical state of reactants and products and thermal status of reaction.

    (ii) Mention any two types of reactions under which above chemical reaction can be classified.


  • Question 16

    Name the functional group of organic compounds that can be hydrogenated. With the help of suitable example explain the process of hydrogenation mentioning the conditions of the reaction and any one change in physical property with the formation of the product. Name any one natural source of organic compounds that are hydrogenated.


  • Question 17

    Derive the expression for the heat produced due to a current ‘I’ flowing for a time interval ‘t’ through a resistor ‘R’ having a potential difference ‘V’ across its ends. With which name is the relation known? How much heat will an instrument of 12W produce in one minute if it is connected to a battery of 12V?


    Explain with the help of a labelled circuit diagram how you will find the resistance of a combination of three resistors, or resistance R1, R2 and R3, joined in parallel. Also mention how you will connect the ammeter and the voltmeter in the circuit when measuring the current in the circuit and the potential difference across one of the three resistors of the combination.


  • Question 18

    Write the names and symbols of two most reactive metals belonging to group 1 of the periodic table. Explain by drawing electronic structure how either one of the two metals reacts with a halogen. With which name is the bond formed between these elements known and what is the class of the compound so formed known? State any four physical properties of such compounds.


    What is meant by refining of metals? Name the most widely used method of refining impure metals produced by various reduction processes. Describe with the help of a labelled diagram how this method may be used for refining of copper.


  • Question 19

    Name the hormone that helps in regulating level of sugar in our blood. Name the gland that secrets it.


  • Question 20

    A person lives near a forest. Make a list of four items which he can get from the forest to meet his daily needs.


  • Question 21

    Name the green dot like structures in some cells observed by a student when a leaf peel was viewed under a microscope. What is this green colour due to?


  • Question 22

    What is phototropism? Describe an activity to demonstrate phototropism.


  • Question 23

    List any two differences between pollination and fertilisation.


  • Question 24

    Give one example each of characters that are inherited and the ones that are acquired in humans. Mention the difference between the inherited and the acquired characters.


  • Question 25

    How is ozone formed in the higher level of atmosphere? “Damage to the ozone layer is a cause of concern”. Justify this statement.


  • Question 26

    Write the full form of DNA. Name the part of the cell where it is located? Explain its role in the process of reproduction of the cell.


  • Question 27

    Explain the process of digestion of food in mouth, stomach and small intestine in human body.


    (a) List the three events that occur during the process of photosynthesis. Explain the role of stomata in this process.

    (b) Describe an experiment to show that “sunlight is essential for photosynthesis”.

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