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Life Processes

Question 11:

Describe double circulation in human beings. Why is it necessary?

Answer:

The human heart is divided into four chambers − the right atrium, the right ventricle, the left atrium, and the left ventricle.

Flow of blood in the heart:

  • The heart has superior and inferior vena cava, which carries de-oxygenated blood from the upper and lower regions of the body respectively and supplies this de-oxygenated blood to the right atrium of the heart.

Flow of blood in the human heart

  • The right atrium then contracts and passes the de-oxygenated blood to the right ventricle, through an auriculo-ventricular aperture.

  • Then the …

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