Magnetic Effects Of Electric Current
Explain the underlying principle and working of an electric generator by drawing a labelled diagram. What is the function of brushes?
An electric generator converts mechanical energy into electrical energy.
The principle of working of an electric generator is that when a loop is moved in a magnetic field, an electric current is induced in the coil. It generates electricity by rotating a coil in a magnetic field. The following figure shows a simple AC generator.
MNST → Rectangular coil
A and B → Brushes
C and D → Two slip rings
X → Axle, G → Galvanometer
If axle Xis rotated clockwise, then the length MN moves upwards while length ST moves downwards. Since the lengths MN and ST are moving in a magnet…
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