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The Living Organisms and Their Surroundings

Habitat And Its Types

Do you know what a habitat is? The surroundings of an organism in which it lives is called its habitat. It is the home of an organism. Organisms depend on it for food, water, air, shelter, etc. A habitat can be occupied by different types of plants and animals.

Let us explore the various components of a habitat.

A habitat is made up of both biotic and abiotic factors. What are biotic and abiotic factors? Let us find out.

Abiotic factors

Abiotic factors include light, temperature, water, air, soil, inorganic nutrients, etc. They are the non-living components of any habitat.

Biotic factors

Biotic factors are the living components of any habitat. They include plants, animals, etc.

In order to understand how various abiotic factors interact with biotic factors, let us study their effects on plant life.

Do you know why deserts have low biotic population than plains?

Deserts have low biotic population because they are too hot and dry. These conditions make survival of life very difficult.

Thus, abiotic factors of a region can determine the density of biotic population of that region.

Types of habitats

What are the types of habitats present on earth? A habitat can be classified into two broad categories, namely terrestrial and aquatic habitat. Let us explore these habitats in detail.

Terrestrial habitat


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