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Board Paper of Class 10 2020 Social Science Delhi(Set 1) - Solutions

General Instructions :
Read the following instructions very carefully and strictly follow them:
(i) Question paper comprises four sections – A, B, C and D. There are 35 questions in the question paper. All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Section A – Question No. 1 to 20 are very short answer type questions, carrying 1 mark each.
(iii) Section B – Question No. 21 to 28 are short answer type questions, carrying 3 marks each. Answer to each question should not exceed 80 words.
(iv) Section C – Question No. 29 to 34 are long answer type questions, carrying 5 marks each. Answer to each question should not exceed 120 words.
(v) Section D – Question No. 35 is map based carrying 6 marks with two parts 35(a) from History (2 marks) and 35(b) from Geography (4 marks).
(vi) Answer should be brief and to the point also the above word limit be adhered to as far as possible.
(vii) There is no overall choice in the question paper. However, an internal choice has been provided in few questions. Only one of the choices in such questions have to be attempted.
(viii) Attach MAP along with your answer-book.
(ix) In addition to this, separate instructions are given with each section and question, wherever necessary.

  • Question 1
    Which of the following revolutions is called as the first expression of 'Nationalism'?
    A. French Revolution
    B. Russian Revolution
    C. Glorious Revolution
    D. The Revolution of the liberals VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 2
    Why was the Inland Emigration Act of 1859 troublesome for plantation workers? VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 3
    Why was the Vernacular Press Act passed in 1878?


    Why was 'Gulamgiri' book written by Jyotiba Phule in 1871? VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 4
    Define the term 'Veto.'


    Define the term Carding.' VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 5
    Fill in the blank.
    Buddhist missionaries from China introduced hand-printing technology into __________ around A.D. 768-770.


    By 1448, Gutenberg perfected the system of printing. The first book he printed was the _________. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 6
    Why was reading of manuscript not easy in India? Choose the appropriate reason from the following options:
    A. Manuscripts were highly cheap.
    B. Manuscripts were widely spread out.
    C. Manuscripts were written in English and Hindi.
    D. Manuscripts were fragile. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 7

    Who were called "Chapmen''?
    A. Book seller
    B. Paper seller
    C. Workers of printing press
    D. Seller of 'penny chap books'


  • Question 8
    Fill in the blanks.
    Types of Resources Examples
    A-? Biotic and Abiotic
    B-? Renewable and non-renewable

  • Question 9
    Which is the oldest artificial sea port of India?


    Which is the deepest, landlocked and well protected sea port of India? VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 10
    In which of the following States is Kalpakkam Nuclear Power Plant located?
    A. Gujarat
    B. Odisha
    C. Kerala
    D. Tamil Nadu VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 11
    Choose the correct Option from columns A and B.
    A B
    (a)  Chandrapur thermal power plant (i)  Odisha
    (b)  Mayurbhanj iron ore mines (ii)  Amarkantak
    (c)  Kalol oil fields (iii)  Gujarat
    (d)  Bauxite mines (iv)  Jharkhand

  • Question 12
    Fill in the blank:
    ___________ industry is used for manufacturing aircraft, utensils and wires. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 13
    Which one of the following is a major caste group of Sri Lanka :
    A. Christian and Tamil
    B. Buddhist and Hindu
    C. Sinhali and Tamil 
    D. Sinhali and Christian VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 14
    State any one step taken in Belgium to rule out the problem of regional differences and cultural diversities. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 15
    Modern democracies maintain check and balance system. Identify the correct option based on the horizontal power sharing arrangement.
    A. Central government, state government, local bodies.
    B. Legislature, executive, judiciary.
    C. Among different social groups.
    D. Among different pressure groups. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 16
    Suggest any one way to protect women from domestic oppression.


    Suggest any one way to create communal harmony among various communities of India. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 17

    Choose the incorrect option from column A and column B. 

    Column A
    Category of person 
    Column B
    Developmental goals/Aspirations
    (a)  Landless rural labourers (i)  More days of work and better wages
    (b)  Prosperous farmers from Punjab (ii)  Availability of other sources of irrigation
    (c)  Farmers who depend only on rain for growing crops (iii)  Assured a higher support prices for their crops
    (d)  A rural woman from a land owning family (iv)  Regular job and high wages to increase her income

  • Question 18
    Study the table and answer the question given below.
    Some comparative data on Haryana, Kerala and Bihar
    State Infant Mortality Rate per 1,000 live births (2016) Literacy Rate% 2011 Net Attendance Ratio (per 100 persons) secondary stage (age 14 and 15 years) 2013-14
    Haryana 33 82 61
    Kerala 10 94 83
    Bihar 38 62 43

    Sources: Economic Survey. 2017-18 Vol. 2, Government of India; National Sample Survey Organisation (Report No. 575)
    Question: In comparison to Kerala which state has the highest infant mortality rate. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 19
    Suggest any one way to create employment in semi-rural areas. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 20
    How is GDP calculated?


    How is Public sector different from Private sector? VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 21

    Read the source given below and answer the questions that follows:
    Source : The Movement in the Towns
    The movement started with middle-class participation in the cities. Thousands of students left government-controlled schools and colleges, headmasters and teachers resigned, and lawyers gave up their legal practices. The council elections were boycotted in most provinces except Madras, where the Justice Party, the party of the non-Brahmans, felt that entering the council was one way of gaining some power-something that usually only Brahmans had access to.
    The effects of non-cooperation on the economic front were more dramatic. Foreign goods were boycotted, liquor shops picketed, and foreign cloth burnt in huge bonfires. The import of foreign cloth halved between 1921 and 1922, its value dropping from Rs. 102 crore to Rs. 57 crore. In many places merchants and traders refused to trade in foreign goods or finance foreign trade. As the boycott movement spread, and people began discarding imported clothes and wearing only Indian ones, production of Indian textile mills and handlooms went up.
    1. Explain the role of ‘Justice Party’ in boycotting of council elections.
    2. How was the effects of ‘non-cooperation on the economic front' dramatic?
    3. Explain the effect ‘Boycott' movement on ‘foreign textile trade.'


  • Question 22
    Explain any three effects of population growth in England in the late eighteenth century.


    Why did the export of Indian textile decline at the beginning of the nineteenth century? Explain any three reasons. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 23
    Describe the importance of judicious use of resources.


    Describe the different steps of 'resource planning.' VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 24
    "Efficient means of transport are pre-requisites for fast development of the country." Support the statement with examples. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 25
    Describe any three features of 'federal government.'


    Describe any three features of 'unitary government.' VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 26
    Mention any three features of 'secularism' described in the Indian Constitution.


    Mention the problem of 'Casteism' in Indian politics. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 27
    Suggest any three ways to maintain Body Mass Index (BMI). VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 28
    “Tertiary sector activities help in the development of the primary and secondary sectors.” Evaluate the statement.


    "‘Primary sector’ was the most important sector of economic activity at initial stages of development.” Evaluate the statement. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 29
    How did ideas of national unity in early nineteenth century Europe allied to the ideology of liberalism? Explain.


    How did Greek war of independence mobilise nationalist feelings among the educated elite across Europe? Explain. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 30
    Why is agriculture called the backbone of Indian economy? Explain. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 31
    Describe any five functions of political party. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 32
    'Democratic system is better than any other form of governments.' Support the statement with examples. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 33
    “Bank plays an important role in the economic development of the country.” Support the statement with examples.


    “Credit sometimes pushes the borrower into a situation from which recovery is very painful.” Support the statement with examples. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 34
    Read the sources given below and answer the questions that follow:
    Source A - Production across countries
    Until the middle of the twentieth century, production was largely organised within countries. What crossed the boundaries of these countries were raw material, food stuff and finished products. Colonies such as India exported raw materials and food stuff and imported finished goods. Trade was the main channel connecting distant countries. This was before large companies called multinational corporations (MNCs) emerged on the scene.
    Source B - Foreign trade and integration of markets
    Foreign trade creates an opportunity for the producers to reach beyond the domestic markets, i.e., markets of their own countries. Producers can sell their produce not only in markets located within the country but can also compete in markets located in other countries of the world. Similarly, for the buyers, import of goods produced in another country is one way of expanding the choice of goods beyond what is domestically produced.
    Source C - Impact of globalisation in India
    Globalisation and greater competition among producers – both local and foreign producers – has been of advantage to consumers, particularly the well-off sections in the urban areas. There is greater choice before these consumers who now enjoy improved quality and lower prices for several products. As a result, these people today, enjoy much higher standards of living than was possible earlier.
    Source A - Production across countries
    1. How are MNCs a major force in connecting the countries of the world?
    Source B - Foreign trade and integration of markets
    2. How does foreign trade become a main channel in connecting countries?
    Source C - Impact of globalisation in India
    3. How is globalisation beneficial for consumers? VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 35
    (a) Two features 'A' and 'B' are marked on the given political outline map of India. Identify these features with the help of the following informations and write their correct names on the lines marked near them.
    (A) The place where the Indian National Congress Session was held.
    (B) The place where the movement of Indigo planters was started.

    (b) Locate and label any four of the following with appropriate symbols on the same given political outline map of India.
     (i) Sardar Sarovar  Dam
     (ii) Bhilai  Iron and Steel Plant
     (iii) Pune  Software Technology Park
     (iv) Kochi  Major Sea Port
     (v) Indore  Cotton Textile Industry
     (vi) Naraura  Nuclear Power Plant
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