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Question 1:

Answer the following questions briefly.

(a) What are the three components of a map?

(b) What are the four cardinal directions?

(c) What do you mean by the term ‘the scale of the map’?

(d) How are maps more helpful than a globe?

(e) Distinguish between a map and a plan.

(f) Which map provides detailed information?

(g) How do symbols help in reading maps?


(a) The three components of a map are: distance, direction and symbol.

(b) The four cardinal directions are: North, South, West and East

(c) The scale of a map is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map.

(d) A globe is useful when we want to study the Earth as a whole. But, when we want to study only a part of the Earth, it is of little help. For this purpose, we use maps. A map can represent the entire Earth’s surface or a part of it.

Maps can be used to show the physical features of the Earth (mount…

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