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Page No 20.17:

Question 1:

Following information of an accounting year is given:
Opening Capital ₹ 60,000; Drawings ₹ 5,000; Capital added during the year ₹ 10,000 and Closing Capital ₹ 90,000. Calculate the Profit and Loss for the year.

Answer:

Statement of Profit or Loss

Particulars

Amount

(Rs)

Capital at the end

90,000

Add: Drawings

5,000

 

95,000

Less: Additional Capital Introduced

(10,000)

Adjusted Capital at the end

85,000

Less: Capital in the beginning

60,000

Net Profit for the year

25,000

 

 

 

Page No 20.17:

Question 2:

Mayank does not keep proper records of his business, he gives you the following information:
 

    ₹
Opening Capital 1,00,000
Closing Capital 1,25,000
Drawings during the year 30,000
Capital added during the year 37,500

Calculate the profit or loss for the year.

Answer:

Statement of Profit or Loss

Particulars

Amount

(Rs)

Capital at the end

1,25,000

Add: Drawings

30,000

 

1,55,000

Less: Additional Capital Introduce

(37,500)

Adjusted Capital at the end

1,17,500

Less: Capital in the beginning

1,00,000

Net Profit for the year

17,500

 

 

 



Page No 20.18:

Question 3:

Capital of Ganesh Gupta in the beginning of the year was ₹ 70,000. During the year his business earned a profit of ₹ 20,000, he withdrew ₹ 7,000 for his persona use. He sold ornaments of his wife for ₹ 20,000, and invested that amount into the business. Find out his Capital at the end of the year.

Answer:

Capital at the end

=

Opening Capital + Additional Capital + Profit − Drawings

 

=

70,000 + 20,000 + 20,000 − 7,000 = Rs 1,03,000

 

Page No 20.18:

Question 4:

Vikas maintains his books of account on Single Entry System. He provides following information from his books. Find out additional capital introduced in the business during the year 2017–18.
Opening Capital–₹ 1,30,000                      Drawing during the year ₹ 50,000
Closing Capital–₹ 2,00,000                       Profit made during the year ₹ 1,00,000

Answer:

Additional Capital  =   Capital at the End + Drawings − (Capital in the Beginning + Profit)
  2,00,000 + 50,000 − (1,30,000 + 1,00,000)
  2,50,000 − 2,30,000 = Rs 20,000

Page No 20.18:

Answer:

Statement of Profit or Loss

Particulars

Amount

(Rs)

Capital as on March 31, 2017

16,900

Add: Drawings

4,800

 

21,700

Less: Addition Capital Introduced

(2,000)

Adjusted Capital as on March 31, 2017

19,700

Less: Capital as on April 01, 2016

(15,200)

Profit made during the year 2016-17

4,500

 

 

 

Page No 20.18:

Answer:

Statement of Affairs

as on March 31, 2017

Liabilities

Amount

(Rs)

Assets

Amount

(Rs)

Sundry Creditors

1,200

Cash

320

Brother’s Loan

1,000

Stock

3,480

Capital (Balancing Figure)

13,200

Debtors

3,100

 

 

Plant

8,500

 

 

 

 

 

15,400

 

15,400

 

 

 

 

 

Statement of Profit or Loss

for the year end March 31, 2017

Particulars

Amount

(Rs)

Capital as on March 31, 2017

13,200

Add: Drawings (Rs 200 × 12)

2,400

 

15,600

Less: Capital as on April 01, 2016

(10,000)

Profit made during the year 2016-2017

5,600

 

 

 

Page No 20.18:

Answer:

Books of Ram Prashad

Statement of Affairs

as on March 31, 2017

Liabilities

Amount

(Rs)

Assets

Amount

(Rs)

Trade Creditors

4,000

Book Debts

10,000

Bank Overdraft

1,000

Cash in Hand

510

Capital (Balancing Figure)

12,590

Stock

6,000

 

 

Furniture and Fittings

1,200

 

 

 

Less: 10% Depreciation

120

1,080

 

 

 

 

 

17,590

 

17,590

 

 

 

 

 

Statement of Affairs

as on April 01, 2016

Liabilities

Amount

(Rs)

Assets

Amount

(Rs)

Capital (Balancing Figure)

10,000

Bank

6,000

 

 

Stock

4,000

 

 

 

 

 

10,000

 

10,000

 

 

 

 

 

Statement of Profit or Loss

for the year and March 31, 2017

Particulars

Amount

(Rs)

Capital as on March 31, 2017

12,590

Add: Drawings

2,400

 

14,990

Less: Capital as on April 01, 2016

(10,000)

Profit made during the year 2016-17

4,990

 

 

 

Page No 20.18:

Answer:

Statement of Profit and Loss

for the year and March 31, 2017

Particulars

Amount

(Rs)

Capital as on March 31, 2017

18,700

Add: Drawings

8,420

 

27,120

Less: Additional Capital Introduced

 

 (2,000 + 2,000 × 2%)

(2,040)

Adjusted Capital as on March 31, 2017

25,080

Less: Capital as on April 01, 2016

(19,200)

Profit made during the year 2016-17

5,880

 

 

 

Page No 20.18:

Answer:

Statement of Affairs

for the year and March 31, 2017

Liabilities

Amount

(Rs)

Assets

Amount

(Rs)

Sundry Creditors

9,600

Furniture

5,000

Capital (Balancing Figure)

22,800

Stock

17,000

 

 

Sundry Debtors

7,400

 

 

Cash at Bank

2,400

 

 

Cash in Hand

600

 

32,400

 

32,400

 

 

 

 

 

Statement of Profit and Loss

for the year end March 31, 2017

Particulars

Amount

(Rs)

Capital as on March 31, 2017

22,800

Add: Drawings

7,600

 

30,400

Less: Additional Capital Introduced

(4,000)

Adjusted Capital as on March 31, 2017

26,400

Less: Capital as on April 01, 2016

(20,000)

Profit made during the year 2016-17

6,400

 

 

 



Page No 20.19:

Answer:

Statements of Affairs

as on April 01, 2016

Liabilities

Amount

(Rs)

Assets

Amount

(Rs)

Sundry Creditors

1,750

Furniture

200

Capital (Balancing Figure)

3,500

Stock

2,800

 

 

Sundry Debtors

2,100

 

 

Cash

150

 

 

 

 

 

5,250

 

5,250

 

 

 

 

 

Statement of Affairs

as on March 31, 2017

Liabilities

Amount

(Rs)

Assets

Amount

(Rs)

Sundry Creditors

1,900

Furniture

200

 

Loan

500

Less: 10% Depreciation

(20)

180

Capital (Balancing Figure)

5,390

Stock

3,050

 

 

Sundry Debtors

3,400

 

 

 

Less: 10% Reserve for Doubtful Debts

(340)

3,060

 

 

Cash

200

 

 

Bills Receivables

300

 

 

Investments

1,000

 

 

 

 

 

7,790

 

7,790

 

 

 

 

 

Statement of Profit or Loss

for the year ended March 31, 2017

Particulars

Amount

(Rs)

Capital as on March 31, 2017

5,390

Add: Drawings

500

 

5,890

Less: Capital as on April 01, 2016

(3,500)

Profit made during the year 2016-17

2,390

 

 

 

Page No 20.19:

Answer:

Statement of Affairs

as on March 31, 2017

Liabilities

Amount

(Rs)

Assets

Amount

(Rs)

Wife’s Loan

5,000

 

Furniture and Fixture

2,000

 

Add: Outstanding Interest

 

Less: 10% Depreciation

(200)

1,800

(5,000 × 9% × 6/12)

225

5,225

Cash in Hand

2,800

Sundry Creditors

500

Sundry Debtors

4,800

Rent Outstanding

150

Stock

6,800

Capital (Balancing Figure)

11,925

Bills Receivable

1,600

 

 

 

 

 

17,800

 

17,800

 

 

 

 

 

Statement of Profit or Loss

for the year ended March 31, 2017

Particulars

Amount

(Rs)

Capital as on March 31, 2017

11,925

Add: Drawings (Rs 1,200 × 3)

3,600

 

15,525

Less: Additional Capital Introduced

(1,500)

Adjusted Capital as on March 31, 2017

14,025

Less: Capital as on April 01, 2016

(10,000)

Profit made during the year 2016-17

4,025

 

 

 

Page No 20.19:

Answer:

Statement of Affairs

as on April 01, 2016

Liabilities

Amount

(Rs)

Assets

Amount

(Rs)

Creditors

350

Cash in Hand

150

Capital (Balancing Figure)

1,400

Bank Balance

750

 

 

Furniture

100

 

 

Stock

500

 

 

Debtors

250

 

1,750

 

1,750

 

 

 

 

 

Statement of Affairs

as on March 31, 2017

Liabilities

Amount

(Rs)

Assets

Amount

(Rs)

Creditors

400

Cash in Hand

175

Capital (Balancing Figure)

1,625

Bank Balance

800

 

 

Furniture

100

 

 

Stock

650

 

 

Debtors

300

 

2,025

 

2,025

 

 

 

 

 

Statement of Profit or Loss

for the year ended March 31, 2017

Particulars

Amount

(Rs)

Capital as on March 31, 2017

1,625

Add: Drawings

500

 

2,125

Less: Additional Capital Introduced

(250)

Adjusted Capital as on March 31, 2017

1,875

Less: Capital as on April 01, 2016

(1,400)

Profit made during the year 2016-17

475

 

 

 

Page No 20.19:

Answer:

Statement of Affairs

as on April 01, 2016

Liabilities

Amount

(Rs)

Assets

Amount

(Rs)

Sundry Creditors

2,000

Cash

600

Bills Payable

1,500

Sundry Debtors

6,800

 

 

Stock

5,900

Capital (Balancing Figure)

11,300

Furniture

1,500

 

 

 

 

 

14,800

 

14,800

 

 

 

 

 

Statement of Affairs

as on March 31, 2017

Liabilities

Amount

(Rs)

Assets

Amount

(Rs)

Sundry Creditors

1,800

Cash

700

Bills Payable

1,100

Stock

8,700

9% Loan from Friend

2,000

 

Furniture

1,350

Add: Interest Outstanding (2,000 × 9% × 6/12)

 

90

 

2,090

 

 

Capital (Balancing Figure)

11,840

 

 

 

 

Sundry Debtors

6,400

 

 

 

Less: 5% Provision for Doubtful Debts

 

(320)

 

6,080

 

 

 

 

 

16,830

 

16,830

 

 

 

 

 

Statement of Profit or Loss

for the year ended March 31, 2017

Particulars

Amount

(Rs)

Capital as on March 31, 2017

11,840

Add: Drawings (Rs 250 × 12)

3,000

 

14,840

Less: Capital as on April 01, 2016

(11,300)

Profit made during the year 2016-17

3,540

 

 

Note: There is a misprint in the book for the amount of Opening Sundry Debtors as in book it is Rs 800 instead of Rs 6,800

Page No 20.19:

Answer:

Statement of Profit or Loss

for the year ended December 31, 2003

Particulars

Amount

(Rs)

Capital as on December 31, 2003

18,700

Add: Drawings (WN)

8,420

 

27,120

Less: Additional Capital Introduce

 

(2,000 + 2,000 × 2%)

(2,040)

Adjusted Capital as on December 31, 2003

25,080

Less: Capital as on January 01, 2003

(19,200)

Profit made during the year 2003

5,880

 

 

 

Working Note:

Calculation of Drawings made during the year

 

Particulars

Amount

(Rs)

Loan provided to Brother

3,500

Monthly Drawings (Rs 300 × 12)

3,600

House Rent (Rs 100 × 12)

1,200

Monthly Electricity Charges (Rs 10× 12)

120

Total Drawings

8,420

 



Page No 20.20:

Question 15:

Manu started business with a capital of ₹ 4,00,000 on 1st October, 2005. He borrowed from his friend a sum of ₹1,00,000. He brought further ₹ 75,000 as capital on 31st March, 2006, his position was:
Cash: ₹ 30,000; Stock: ₹ 4,70,000; Debtors: ₹ 3,50,000 and Creditors: ₹ 3,00,000.
He withdrew ₹ 8,000 per month during this period. Calculate profit on loss, for the period.

Answer:

Statement of Affairs

for the year ending March 31, 2006

Liabilities

Amount

Rs

Assets

Amount

Rs

Creditors

3,00,000

Cash

30,000

Loan from Friend

1,00,000

Stock

4,70,000

 

 

Debtors

3,50,000

Capital

4,50,000

 

 

(Balancing Figure)

 

 

 

 

8,50,000

 

8,50,000

 

 

 

 

 

Statement of Profit and Loss

for the year ending March 31, 2006

Particulars

Amount

Rs

Capital as on March 31, 2006

4,50,000

Add: Drawings (8,000 × 6)

48,000

 

4,98,000

Less: Additional Capital Introduced

(75,000)

Adjusted Capital as on March 31, 2006

4,23,000

Less: Capital as on Oct.01, 2005

(4,00,000)

Profit made during the year 2005-06

23,000

 

 

Page No 20.20:

Answer:

Statement of Affairs

as on April 01, 2016

Liabilities

Amount

(Rs)

Assets

Amount

(Rs)

Bank Overdraft

200

Machinery

8,000

Sundry Creditors

5,000

Furniture

2,000

Capital (Balancing Figure)

15,800

Stock

7,000

 

 

Sundry Debtors

4,000

 

 

 

 

 

21,000

 

21,000

 

 

 

 

 

Statement of Affairs

as on March 31, 2017

Liabilities

Amount

(Rs)

Assets

Amount

(Rs)

Sundry Creditors

3,500

Machinery

8,000

 

Capital (Balancing Figure)

16,900

Less: 10% Depreciation

(800)

7,200

 

 

Furniture

2,000

 

 

 

Less: 5% Depreciation

(100)

1,900

 

 

Stock

5,000

 

 

Sundry Debtors

4,500

 

 

Bank Balance

1,800

 

 

 

 

 

20,400

 

20,400

 

 

 

 

 

Statement of Profit or Loss

for the year ended March 31, 2017

Particulars

Amount

(Rs)

Capital as on March 31, 2017

16,900

Add: Drawings

4,100

 

21,000

Less: Additional Capital Introduced

(300)

Adjusted Capital as on March 31, 2017

20,700

Less: Capital as on April 01, 2016

(15,800)

Profit made during the year 2016-17

4,900

 

 

 

Page No 20.20:

Question 17:

X, a retailer, has not maintained proepr books of accont but it has been possible to obtain the follwoing details:
 

Particulars
Last Year
(₹)
This Year
(₹)
Trade Creditors ................................................................................
6,270
5,890
Loan from Naresh ................................................................................
5,000
5,000
Stock ................................................................................
12,350
11,980
Cash in Hand ................................................................................
570
650
Shop Fittings ................................................................................
7,250
7,800
Trade Debtors ................................................................................ 5,280 4,560
Bank Balance ................................................................................
3,990
4,130

Calculate the net profit for this year and draft the Statement of Affairs at the end of the year after noting that:
(a) Shop Fittings are to be depreciated by ₹ 780.
(b) X has drawn ₹ 100 per week for his own use.
(c) Included in the Trade Debtors is an irrecoverable balance of ₹ 270.
(d) Interest at 5% p.a. is due on the loan from Naresh but has not been paid for the year.

Answer:

Statement of Affairs

(Previous Year)

Liabilities

Amount

(Rs)

Assets

Amount

(Rs)

Trade Creditors

6,270

Stock

12,350

Loan from Naresh

5,000

Cash in Hand

570

Capital (Balancing Figure)

18,170

Shop Fittings

7,250

 

 

Trade Debtors

5,280

 

 

Bank Balance

3,990

 

29,440

 

29,440

 

 

 

 

 

Statement of Affairs

(Current Year)

Liabilities

Amount

(Rs)

Assets

Amount

(Rs)

Trade Creditors

5,890

Stock

11,980

Loan from Naresh

5,000

 

Cash in Hand

650

Add: Outstanding Interest

 

 

 

(5,000 × 5%)

250

5,250

Shop Fittings

7,800

 

Capital (Balancing Figure)

16,930

Less: Depreciation

(780)

7,020

 

 

Trade Debtors

4,560

 

 

 

Less: Bad Debts

(270)

4,290

 

 

Bank Balance

4,130

 

 

 

 

 

28,070

 

28,070

 

 

 

 

 

Statement of Profit or Loss

(Current Year)

Particulars

Amount

(Rs)

Capital of the Current Year

16,930

Add: Drawings (Rs 100 × 52)

5,200

 

22,130

Less: Capital of the Previous Year

(18,170)

Profit made during the Current Year

3,960

 

 

 

Page No 20.20:

Answer:

Statement of Affairs

for the year ended March 31, 2017

Liabilities

Amount

(Rs)

Assets

Amount

(Rs)

Creditors

30,000

Bank

10,000

Bills Payable

10,000

Debtors

50,000

 

Capital (Balancing Figure)

1,30,700

Less: 5% Provision for Doubtful Debts

 

(2,500)

 

47,500

 

 

Stock

40,000

 

 

Plant

68,000

 

 

 

Less: 10% Depreciation

(6,800)

61,200

 

 

Furniture

12,000

 

 

 

 

 

1,70,700

 

1,70,700

 

 

 

 

 

Statement of Profit or Loss

for the year ended March 31, 2017

Particulars

Amount

(Rs)

Capital as on March 31, 2017

1,30,700

Add: Drawings

24,000

 

1,54,700

Less: Additional Capital Introduced

(30,000)

Adjusted Capital as on March 31, 2017

1,24,700

Less: Capital as on April 01, 2016

(40,000)

Profit made during the year 2016-17

84,700

 

 

 



Page No 20.21:

Answer:

Statement of Affairs

as on July 01,2011

Liabilities

Amount

(Rs)

Assets

Amount

(Rs)

Creditors

9,000

Cash and Bank balances

25,000

Capital (Balancing Figure)

2,71,000

Debtors

65,000

 

 

Stock

40,000

 

 

Plant and Machinery

1,50,000

 

 

 

 

 

2,80,000

 

2,80,000

 

 

 

 

 

Statement of Affairs

as on December 31,2011

Liabilities

Amount

(Rs)

Assets

Amount

(Rs)

Creditors

10,000

Cash and Bank balances

31,000

Outstanding Wages

1,000

Debtors

60,000

Capital (Balancing Figure)

2,65,500

Stock

45,000

 

 

Prepaid Salary

500

 

 

Plant and Machinery

1,40,000

 

2,76,500

 

2,76,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

Statement of Profit or Loss

for the half year ended December 31,2011

Particulars

Amount

(Rs)

Capital at the end of the year

2,65,500

 

Add: Drawings made during the year

1,200

Adjusted capital at the end of the year

2,66,700

 

Less: Capital in the beginning of the year

2,71,000

Gross Loss (Profit before Adjustment)

4,300

  Less: Interest on Drawings

21

  Add: Depreciation on Plant and Machinery

7,000

          Bad Debts

5,000

          Provision for Doubtful Debts

1,100

       Net Loss (Profit After Adjustment)

17,379

 

 

 

Statement of Affairs (After adjustments)

as on December 31, 2011

Liabilities

Amount

(Rs)

Assets

Amount

(Rs)

Creditors

10,000

Cash and Bank balances

31,000

Outstanding Wages

1,000

Debtors                        

60,000

 

Capital               

2,71,000

 

Less: Bad Debts

 5,000

 

Less: Net Loss

  17,379

 

 

55,000

 

Less: Drawings

    1,200

 

Less: Provision for D.D.

 1,100

53,900

Less: Interest on Drawings

        21

2,52,400

Plant and Machinery

1,40,000

 

 

 

Less: Depreciation

    7,000

1,33,000

 

 

Stock

45,000

 

 

Prepaid Salary

500

 

2,63,400

 

2,63,400

 

 

 

 

 

Statement of Affairs (After adjustments)

as on December 31, 2011

Liabilities

Amount

(Rs)

Assets

Amount

(Rs)

Creditors

10,000

Cash and Bank balances

31,000

Outstanding Wages

1,000

Debtors                        

60,000

 

Capital               

2,71,000

 

Less: Bad Debts

 5,000

 

Less: Net Loss

  17,379

 

 

55,000

 

Less: Drawings

    1,200

 

Less: Provision for D.D.

 1,100

53,900

Less: Interest on Drawings

        21

2,52,400

Plant and Machinery

1,40,000

 

 

 

Less: Depreciation

    7,000

1,33,000

 

 

Stock

45,000

 

 

Prepaid Salary

500

 

2,63,400

 

2,63,400

 

 

 

 

 

Working Notes:

WN1: Depreciation on plant and machinery would be charged for six months only i.e., Rs 7,000 (1,40,000×10×6100×12)
 

WN2: Amount of Provision for Doubtful Debts would be Rs 1,100 (2100×(60,0005,000))

 

WN3:      

Calculation of Amount of Interest on Drawings:

Date

Amount

Months

Product

Jul. 01

200

6

1,200

Aug. 01

200

5

1,000

Sep. 01

200

4

800

Oct. 01

200

3

600

Nov. 01

200

2

400

Dec. 01

200

1

200

Total

 

 

4,200

Interest on Drawings =4,200×6×1100×12=Rs 21



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