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Private, Public and Global Enterprises



  Business Enterprises - Private, Public and Joint Sector Enterprises
The three enterprises are distinguished on the basis of ownership, management and control.
Public Sector Enterprise- This type of enterprise is wholly or partially managed and controlled by the central or state government.
Private Sector Enterprise- This type of enterprise is managed and controlled by individuals or a group of individuals.
Joint Sector Enterprise- This type of enterprise is jointly managed and controlled by both individuals and the government.

Difference between Private and Public Sector Enterprises
Basis of Difference Private Sector Enterprise Public Sector Enterprise
Ownership Owned by private individuals Owned by the state or the central government
Prime objective Profit Public welfare
Management Managed by professional managers Managed by bureaucrats
Accountability Accountable to owners Accountable to the public
Political interference Less Comparatively more
Decision making Fast Comparatively slow

Forms of Public Sector Enterprises
➢ The following picture depicts the various forms of public sector enterprises:

Departmental Undertaking (DUs)
Meaning: Such enterprises work directly under the ministries of the government, with no separate legal existence. They have a high degree of accountability towards the public.
Features of Departmental Undertakings
The following are the major features of departmental undertakings:
i. These enterprises are provided funds from the annual budget and the treasury of the Government of India.
ii. The employees in these enterprises are the servants of the government, as directed by the IAS.
iii. These enterprises are regarded as the subdivisions of the government; they are under the direct control of the concerned ministry.
iv. These enterprises are liable to the ministries that manage and control them.
v. These enterprises are subject …

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