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Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow
You may never want to fly kites to keep away evil spirits, as the Chinese have done for centuries or to make rain, as the Tibetans did, but some more modern and western uses may tempt you to try experimenting yourself along similar lines. The most widespread use of kites in modern times has been for meteorological investigations. Everybody knows about how Benjamin Franklin, the great American scholar and statesman sent a kite up in 1752 during a thunderstorm to prove that lightning was caused by electricity. He produced sparks at ground level from a key hung on the wet line as the current flowed down it. (Do not under any circumstances think of trying this yourself). A second investigator repeated Franklin's experiment shortly afterwards and was killed.
By sending up instruments on kites it has been possible to make readings of air pressure, temperature, speed, direction and humidity. Although thermometers had been sent up long before, it was not until 1894, that a self-reading thermometer—a thermograph—was sent up by kite. The army, navy and air force have used kites in various ways for decades. Another Korean version of the invention of the kite tells how a general used one to carry a line across a stream. This line then formed the basis of a bridge. Lines are still occasionally flown from point to point in this way, using kites. At sea, kites have often been used to carry a line to distressed ships in rough weather.
Kites—especially box and bow kites—have been used as gunnery targets.
They are easy to make and cheap to use and will stand quite a lot of punishment before they cease to fly. Apart from their use as targets, kites have been used by the army to fly flags, for aerial photography over enemy trenches, for suspending flares over targets, during night-fighting, for carrying man over enemy lines, for dragging torpedos, etc., to a target area. They have been used by both military and civil authorities for raising,
transmitting and receiving aerials to obtain improved wireless reception. As a matter of fact, the first long distance short wave transmission of all, made use of an aerial flown on a kite. When Marconi made the famous transatlantic transmission he raised his receiving aerial some 400 feet on a kite. Never fly an aerial in stormy weather or when there are cumulus clouds about.
During the last war the R.A.F. developed ‘a kite flare' as part of survival equipment for airmen forced down at sea. When airborne the kite was attached to a special shock absorber which was fixed to the dinghy. It was stated that provided there was a 6 m.p.h. wind, the kites would stay aloft Indefinitely.
Some of these kites were brought to Australia and sent to the 6th Australian Division in 1944 for trials to determine whether they were of use in jungle warfare, especially in defining locations. After experiments, the authorities decided that they were of no value for this purpose
a) Read the above passage and make notes in points only using abbreviations wherever necessary. (5)
b) Write summary of the above passage in 80 words. Also give a suitable title
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