Board Paper of Class 12-Commerce 2015 Accountancy All India(SET 1) - Solutions
1) This question paper contains two parts A and B.
2) Part A is compulsory for all.
3) Part B has two options-Financial statement Analysis and Computerised Accounting.
4) Attempt only one option of Part B.
5) All parts of a question should be attempted at one place.
i. This section consists of 17 questions.
ii. All the questions are compulsory.
iii. Question Nos. 1 to 6 are very short-answer questions carrying 1 mark each.
iv. Question Nos. 7 to 10 carry 3 marks each.
v. Question Nos. 11 and 12 carry 4 marks each.
vi. Question Nos. 13 to 15 carry 6 marks each.
vii. Question Nos. 16 and 17 carry 8 marks each.
i. This section consists of 6 questions.
ii. All questions are compulsory
iii. Question Nos. 18 and 19 are very short-answer questions carrying 1 mark each.
iv. Question Nos. 20 to 22 carry 4 marks.
v. Question No. 23 carries 6 marks.
- Question 1
In the absence of Partnership Deed, interest on loan of a partner is allowed :
(i) at 8% per annum.
(ii) at 6% per annum.
(iii) no interest is allowed.
(iv) at 12% per annum. VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 2
Geeta, Sunita and Anita were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 5 : 3 : 2. On 1.1.2015 they admitted Yogita as a new partner for 1/10th share in the profits. On Yogita's admission, the Profit and Loss Account of the firm was showing a debit balance of Rs 20,000 which was credited by the accountant of the firm to the capital accounts of Geeta, Sunita and Anita in their profit sharing ratio. Did the accountant give correct treatment ? Given reason in support of your answer.VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 3
On the death of a partner, his share in the profits of the firm till the date of his death is transferred to the :
(i) Debit of Profit and Loss Account.
(ii) Credit of Profit and Loss Account.
(iii) Debit of Profit and Loss Suspense Account
(iv) Credit of Profit and Loss Suspense Account VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 4
Anant, Gulab and Khushbu were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 5 : 3 : 2. From 1.4.2014, they decided to share the profits equally. For this purpose the goodwill of the firm was valued at Rs 2,40,000.VIEW SOLUTION
Pass necessary journal entry for the treatment of goodwill on change in the profit sharing ratio of Anant, Gulab and Khushbu.
- Question 5
Give the meaning of forfeiture of shares. VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 6
Nirman Ltd. issued 50,000 equity shares of Rs 10 each. The amount was payable as follows :On application − Rs 3 per share
On allotment − Rs 2 per share
On first and final call − The balanceVIEW SOLUTION
Applications for 45,000 shares were received and shares were allotted to all the applicants. Pooja, to whom 500 shares were allotted, paid her entire share money at the time of allotment, whereas Kundan did not pay the first and final call on his 300 shares. The amount received at the time of making first and final call was :
(i) Rs 2,25,000
(ii) Rs 2,20,000
(iii) Rs 2,21,000
(iv) Rs 2,19,500
- Question 7
Guru Ltd. invited applications for issuing 5,00,000 equity shares of Rs 10 each at a premium of Rs 5 per share. Because of favourable market conditions the issue was over-subscribed and applications for 15,00,000 shares were received.
Suggest the alternatives available to the Board of Directors for the allotment of shares. VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 8
On 1.4.2013, Brij and Nandan entered into partnership to construct toilets in government girls schools in the remote areas of Uttarakhand. They contributed capitals of Rs 10,00,000 and Rs 15,00,000 respectively. Their profit sharing ratio was 2 : 3 and interest allowed on capital as provided in the Partnership Deed was 12% per annum. During the year ended 31.3.2014, the firm earned a profit of Rs 2,00,000.VIEW SOLUTION
Prepare Profit and Loss Appropriation Account of Brij and Nandan for the year ended 31.3.2014
- Question 9
'Suvidha Ltd.' is registered with an authorised capital of Rs 10,00,00,000 divided into 10,00,000 equity shares of Rs 100 each. The company issued 1,00,000 shares for public subscription. A shareholder holding 100 shares, failed to pay the final call of Rs 20 per share. His shares were forfeited. The forfeited shares were re-issued at Rs 90 per share as fully paid up.VIEW SOLUTION
Present the 'Share Capital' in the Balance Sheet of the company as per Schedule VI Part I of the Companies Act, 1956, Also prepare 'Notes to Accounts'.
- Question 10
'Good Blankets Ltd.' are the manufacturers of woollen blankets. Blankets of the company are exported to many countries. The company decided to distribute blankets free of cost to five villages of Kashmir Valley destroyed by the recent floods. It also decided to employ 100 young persons from these villages in their newly established factory at Solan in Himachal Pradesh. To meet the requirements of funds for starting its new factory, the company issued 50,000 equity shares of Rs 10 each and 2,000 8% debentures of Rs 100 each to the vendors of machinery purchased for Rs 7,00,000.VIEW SOLUTION
Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of the company. Also identify any one value which the company wants to communicate to the society.
- Question 11
Arun, Varun and Karan were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 4 : 3 : 3. On 31.3.2014, their Balance Sheet was as follows :
On 30.9.2014, Karan died. The partnership Deed provided for the following to the executors of the deceased partner :VIEW SOLUTION
(a) His share in the goodwill of the firm calculated on the basis of three year's purchase of the average profits of the last four years. The profits of the last four years were Rs 1,90,000; Rs 1,70,000; Rs 1,80,000 and Rs 1,60,000 respectively.
(b) His share in the profits of the firm till the date of his death calculated on the basis of the average profits of the last four years.
(c) Interest @8% p.a. on the credit balance, if any, in his Capital Account.
(d) Interest on his loan @12% p.a.
Prepare Karan's Capital Account to be presented to his executors, assuming that his loan and interest on loan were transferred to his Capital Account.
- Question 12
Prem, Param and Priya were partners in a firm. Their fixed capitals were Prem Rs 2,00,000; Param Rs 3,00,000 and Priya Rs 5,00,000. They were sharing profits in the ratio of their capitals. The firm was engaged in the sale of ready-to-eat food packets at three different locations in the city, each being managed by Prem, Param and Priya. The outlet managed by Prem was doing more business than the outlets managed by Param and Priya. Prem requested Param and Priya for a higher share in the profits of the firm which Param and Priya accepted. It was decided that the new profit sharing ratio will be 2 : 1 : 2 and its effect will be introduced retrospectively for the last four years. The profits of the last four years were Rs 2,00,000; Rs 3,50,000; Rs 4,75,000 and Rs 5,25,000 respectively.VIEW SOLUTION
Showing your calculations clearly, pass a necessary adjustment entry to give effect to the new agreement between Prem, Param and Priya.
- Question 13
On 1.1.2008, Uday and Kaushal entered into partnership with fixed capitals of Rs 7,00,000 and Rs 3,00,000 respectively. They were doing good business and were interested in its expansion but could not do the same because of lack of capital. Therefore, to have more capital, they admitted Govind as a new partner on 1.1.2010. Govind brought Rs 10,00,000 as capital and the new profit sharing ratio decided was 3 : 2 : 5. On 1.1.2012, another new partner Hari was admitted with a capital of Rs 8,00,000 for 1/10th share in the profits, which he acquired equally from Uday, Kaushal and Govind. On 1.4.2014 Govind died and his share was taken over by Uday and Hari equally.VIEW SOLUTION
(i) The sacrificing ratio of Uday and Kaushal on Govind's admission.
(ii) New profit sharing ratio of Uday. Kaushal, Govind and Hari on Hari's admission.
(iii) New profit sharing ratio of Uday, Kaushal and Hari on Govind's death.
- Question 14
'Ananya Ltd' had an authorized capital of Rs 10,00,00,000 divided into 10,00,000 equity shares of Rs 100 each. The company had already issued 2,00,000 shares. The dividend paid per share for the year ended 31.3.2007 was Rs 30. The management decided to export its products to African countries. To meet the requirements of additional funds, the finance manager put up the following three alternate proposals before the Board of Directors :
(i) Issue 47,500 equity shares at a premium of Rs 100 per share.
(ii) Obtain a long-term loan from bank which was available at 12% per annum.
(iii) Issue 9% debentures at a discount of 5%.
After evaluating these alternatives the company decided to issue 1,00,000, 9% debentures on 1.4.2008. The face value of each debenture was Rs 100. These debentures were redeemable in four instalments starting from the end of third year, which was as follows :
III 10,00,000 IV 20,00,000 V 30,00,000 VI 40,00,000
Prepare 9% debenture account from 1.4.2008 till all the debentures were redeemed.VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 15
Mala, Neela and Kala were partners sharing profits in the ratio of 3 : 2 : 1. On 1.3.2015 their firm was dissolved. The assets were realized and liabilities were paid off. The accountant prepared Realisation Account, Partners' Capital Accounts and Cash Account, but forgot to post few amounts in these accounts.
You are required to complete these below given accounts by posting correct amounts.
Realisation AccountDr.Cr.ParticularsAmountRsParticularsAmountRsTo Sundry Assets :By Provision for bad debts1,000Machinery10,000By Sundry Creditors15,000Stock21,000By Sheela’s Loan13,000Debtors20,000By Repairs and Renewals Reserve1,200Prepaid Insurance400By Cash – Assets sold :Investments3,00054,400Machinery8,000To Mala’s Capital A/c13,000Stock14,000
– Sheela’s LoanDebtors16,00038,000To Cash – Creditors paid15,000By Mala’s Capital Investments2,000To Cash – Dishonoured bill paid5,000To Cash Expenses800……………..………….88,20088,200Capital AccountsDr.Cr.ParticularsMalaRsNeelaRsKalaRsParticularsMalaRsNeelaRsKalaRs………….………….………….………….………….………….………….………….………….………….………….………….To Cash12,0009,000By Cash1,00023,00015,0003,00023,00015,0003,000Cash AccountDr.Cr.ParticularsAmountRsParticularsAmountRsTo Balance b/d2,800By Realisation A/c15,000To Realisation A/c38,000– Creditors paid– Sale of assetsTo Kala’s Capital A/c1,000By Dishonoured bill5,000……………………….By Mala’s Capital A/c12,000By Neela’ s Capital A/c9,00041,80041,800
- Question 16
'BMY Ltd.' invited applications for issuing 1,00,000 equity shares of Rs 10 each at a premium of Rs 10 per share. The amount was payable as follows :
On application − Rs 10 per share (including Rs 5 premium)
On allotment − The balance
The issue was fully subscribed. A shareholder holding 300 shares paid the full share money with application. Another shareholder holding 200 shares failed to pay the allotment money. His shares were forfeited. Later on these shares were re-issued for Rs 4,000 as fully paid up.
Pass necessary journal entries for the above transaction in the books of BMY Ltd.
'Blur Star Ltd.' was registered with an authorized capital of Rs 2,00,000 divided into 20,000 shares of Rs 10 each. 6,000 of these shares were issued to the vendor for building purchased. 8,000 shares were issued to the public and Rs 5 per share were called up as follows :
On application − Rs 2 per share
On allotment − Rs 1 per share
On first call − Balance of the called up amount
The amounts received on these shares were as follows :
On 6,000 shares − Full amount called
On 1,250 shares − Rs 3 per share
On 750 shares − Rs 2 per share
The directors forfeited 750 shares on which Rs 2 per share were received.
Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of Blue Star Ltd.
- Question 17
Om, Ram and Shanti were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ration of 3 : 2 : 1. On 1st April, 2014 their Balance Sheet was as follows :
Capital Accounts :
Land and Building
Plant and Machinery
On the above date Hanuman was admitted on the following terms:
(i) He will bring Rs 1,00,000 for his capital and will get 1/10th share in the profits.
(ii) He will bring necessary cash for his share of goodwill premium. The goodwill of the firm was valued at Rs 3,00,000.
(iii) A liability of Rs 18,000 will be created against bills receivables discounted.
(iv) The value of stock and furniture will be reduced by 20%.
(v) The value of land and building will be increased by 10%.
(vi) Capital accounts of the partners will be adjusted on the basis of Hanuman's capital in their profit sharing ratio by opening current accounts.
Prepare Revaluation Account and Partner's Capital Accounts.
Xavier, Yusuf and Zaman were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 4 : 3 : 2. On 1.4.2014 their Balance sheet was as follows :
Cash at Bank
Capital Accounts :
Less: Prov. for Bad Debts
Plant and Machinery
Land and Building
Yusuf had been suffering from ill health and thus gave notice of retirement from the firm. An agreement was, therefore, entered into as on 1.4.2014, the terms of which were as follows:VIEW SOLUTION
(i) That land and building be appreciated by 10%
(ii) The provision for bad debts is no longer necessary.
(iii) That stock be appreciated by 20%
(iv) That goodwill of the firm be fixed at Rs 54,000. Yusuf share of the same be adjusted into Xavier's and Zamna's Capital Accounts, who are going to share future profits in the ratio of 2 : 1.
(v) The entire capital of the newly constituted firm be readjusted by bringing in or paying necessary cash so that the future capitals of Xavier and Zaman will be in their profit sharing ratio.
Prepare Revaluation Account and Partner's Capital Accounts.
- Question 18
Which of the following transactions will result into flow of cash ?
(i) Cash withdrawn from bank Rs 20,000.
(ii) issued Rs 20,000, 9% debentures for the vendors of machinery.
(iii) Received Rs 19,000 from debtors.
(iv) Deposited cheques of Rs 10,000 into bank. VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 19
The accountant of Manav Ltd. while preparing Cash Flow Statement added depreciation provided on fixed assets to net profit for calculating cash flow from operating activities. Was he correct in doing so ? Give reason.VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 20
Under which major headings and sub-headings will the following items be shown in the Balance Sheet of a company as per schedule VI Part I of the Companies Act, 1956 :VIEW SOLUTION
(i) Net loss as shown by Statement of Profit and Loss.
(ii) Capital redemption reserve.
(iv) Loans repayable on demand.
(v) Unpaid dividend.
(viii) Raw materials.
- Question 21
The Current Ratio of a company is 2.1 : 1.2. State with reasons which of the following transactions will increase, decrease or not change the ratio :VIEW SOLUTION
(i) Redeemed 9% debentures of Rs 1,00,000 at a premium of 10%.
(ii) Received from debtors Rs 17,000.
(iii) Issued Rs 2,00,000 equity shares to the vendors of machinery.
(iv) Accepted bills of exchange drawn by the creditors Rs 7,000.
- Question 22
The motto of 'Pharma Ltd', a company engaged in the manufacturing of low-cost generic medicines, is 'Healthy India'. Its management and employees are hardworking, honest and motivated. The net profit of the company doubled during the year ended 31-3-2014. Encouraged by its performance, the company decided to pay bonus to all employees at double the rate than last year.
Following is the Comparative Statement of Profit and Loss of the company for the years ended 31-3-2013 and 31-3-2014.
Comparative Statement of Profit and Loss
2012 – 13
2013 – 14
Revenue from operations 20,00,000 30,00,000 10,00,000 50 Less : Employees benefit expenses 12,00,000 14,00,000 2,00,000 16-67 Profit before tax 8,00,000 16,00,000 8,00,000 100 Tax at 25% rate 2,00,000 4,00,000 2,00,000 100 Profit after tax 6,00,000 12,00,000 6,00,000 100
(i) Calculate Net Profit Ratio for the years ending 31st March, 2013 and 2014.
(ii) Identify any two values which 'Pharma Ltd'. is trying to propagate.
- Question 23
Following is the Balance Sheets of Solar Power Ltd. as at 31.3.2014 :
Solar Power Ltd.
Particulars Note No. 31.3.2014 Rs 31.3.2013 Rs I. Equity and Liabilities :1. Shareholder's Funds :(a) Share Capital 24,00,000 22,00,000(b) Reserves and Surplus 1 6,00,000 4,00,0002. Non-Current Liabilities :Long Term-Borrowings 4,80,000 3,40,0003. Current Liabilities :(a) Trade Payables 3,58,000 4,08,000(b) Short-Term Provisions 1,00,000 1,54,000 Total 39,38,000 35,02,000 II. Assets :1. Non-Current Assets :(a) Fixed Assets :(i) Tangible 2 21,40,000 17,00,000(ii) Intangible 3 80,000 2,24,0002. Current Assets :(a) Current Investments 4,80,000 3,00,000(b) Inventories 2,58,000 2,42,000(c) Trade Receivables 3,40,000 2,86,000(d) Cash and Cash equivalents 6,40,000 7,50,000 Total 39,38,000 35,02,000
Notes to Accounts
S. No. Particulars As on
1. Reserves and Surplus Surplus (balance in Statement of Profit and Loss) 6,00,000 4,00,000 2. Tangible Assets Machinery 25,40,000 20,00,000 Less : Accumulated Depreciation (4,00,000) (3,00,000) 3. Intangible Assets Goodwill 80,000 2,24,000
Additional Information :
During the year a piece of machinery, costing Rs 48,000 on which accumulated depreciation was Rs 32,000, was sold for Rs 12,000.
Prepare Cash Flow Statement.VIEW SOLUTION