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# Board Paper of Class 12-Commerce 2018 Accountancy All India(SET 3) - Solutions

General Instructions:

1) This question paper contains two parts A and B.

2) Part A is compulsory for all.

3) Part B has two options-Option-I Analysis of Financial Statements and Option-II Computerized Accounting.

4) Attempt only one option of Part B.

5) All parts of a question should be attempted at one place.

Section A

(i) This section consists of 17 questions.​

(ii) All the questions are compulsory.​

(iii) Question Nos. 1 to 6 are very short-answer questions carrying 1 mark each.​

(iv) Question Nos. 7 to 10 carry 3 marks each.​

(v) Question Nos. 11 and 12 carry 4 marks each.​

(vi) Question Nos. 13 to 15 carry 6 marks each.​

(vii) Question Nos. 16 and 17 carry 8 marks each.​

Section B

(i) This section consists of 6 questions.​

(ii) All questions are compulsory​

(iii) Question Nos. 18 and 19 are very short-answer questions carrying 1 mark each.​

(iv) Question Nos. 20 to 22 carry 4 marks.​

(v) Question No. 23 carries 6 marks.​

• Question 1
Distinguish between 'Dissolution of partnership' and 'Dissolution of partnership firm' on the basis of settlement of assets and liabilities. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 2
Is 'Reserve Capital' a part of 'Unsubscribed Capital' or 'Uncalled Capital'? VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 3
Ritesh and Hitesh are childhood friends. Ritesh is a consultant whereas Hitesh is an architect. They contributed equal amounts and purchased a building for Rs 2 crores. After a year, they sold it for Rs 3 crores and shared the profits equally. Are they doing the business in partnership? Give reason in support of your answer. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 4
Amit and Beena were partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3 : 1. Chaman was admitted as a new partner for ${\frac{1}{6}}^{\mathrm{th}}$ share in the profits. Chaman acquired ${\frac{2}{5}}^{\mathrm{th}}$of his share from Amit.
How much share did Chaman acquire from Beena? VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 5
Give the meaning of 'Debentures issued as Collateral Security'. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 6
Neetu, Meetu and Teetu were partners in a firm. On 1st January, 2018, Meetu retired. On Meetu's retirement the goodwill of the firm was valued at Rs 4,20,000.
Pass necessary journal entry for the treatment of goodwill on Meetu's retirement. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 7
NK Ltd., a truck manufacturing company, is registered with an authorised capital of Rs 1,00,00,000 divided into equity shares of Rs 100 each. The subscribed and paid up capital of the company is Rs 50,00,000. The company decided to open technical schools in the Jhalawar district of Rajasthan to train the specially abled children of the area. It is planning to provide them employment in its various production units and industries in the neighbourhood area.
To meet the capital expenditure requirements of the project, the company offered 20,000 shares to the public for subscription. The shares were fully subscribed and paid.
Present the share capital in the Balance Sheet of the company as per the provisions of Schedule III of the Companies Act, 2013.
Also identify any two values that the company wants to communicate. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 8
What is meant by a 'Share' ? Give any two differences between 'Preference Shares' and 'Equity Shares'. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 9
Jayant, Kartik and Leena were partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 5 : 2 : 3. Kartik died and Jayant and Leena decided to continue the business. Their gaining ratio was 2 : 3.
Calculate the new profit sharing ratio of Jayant and Leela. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 10

Complete the following journal entries left blank in the books of VK Ltd.:
 VK Ltd. Journal Date Particulars L.F. Debit Amount (Rs) Credit Amount (Rs) 2018 ………………………. Dr. ….…… February 01 ………………………. ….…… (Purchased own 500, 9% debentures of Rs 100 each at Rs 97 each for immediate cancellation) February 01 ………………………. Dr. ….…… ………………………. ….…… ………………………. ….…… (Cancelled own debentures) ….…… ………………………. Dr. ….…… ………………………. ….…… (……………………….)
VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 11
Banwari, Girdhari and Murari are partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 4 : 5 : 6. On 31st March, 2014, Girdhari retired. On that date the capitals of Banwari, Girdhari and Murari before the necessary adjustments stood at Rs 2,00,000, Rs 1,00,000 and Rs 50,000 respectively. On Girdhari's retirement, goodwill of the firm was valued at Rs 1,14,000. Revaluation of assets and re-assessment of liabilities resulted in a profit of Rs 6,000. General Reserve stood in the books of the firm at Rs 30,000.

The amount payable to Girdhari was transferred to his loan account. Banwari and Murari agreed to pay Girdhari two yearly instalments of Rs 75,000 each including interest @ 10% p.a. on the outstanding balance during the first two years and the balance including interest in the third year. The firm closes its books on 31st March every year.
Prepare Girdhari's loan account till it is finally paid showing the working notes clearly. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 12
Asha and Aditi are partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in he ratio of 3 : 2. They admit Raghav as a partner for ${\frac{1}{4}}^{\mathrm{th}}$ share in the profits of the firm. Raghav brings Rs 6,00,000 as his capital and his share of goodwill in cash. Goodwill of the firm is to be valued at two years' purchase of average profits of the last four years.
The profits of the firm during the last four years are given below:  Year Profit (Rs) 2013 – 14 2014 – 15 2015 – 16 2016 – 17 3,50,000 4,75,000 6,70,000 7,45,000
The following additional information is given:
(i) To cover management cost an annual charge of Rs 56,250 should be made for the purpose of valuation of goodwill.
(ii) The closing stock for the year ended 31.3.2017 was overvalued by Rs 15,000.
Pass necessary journal entries on Raghav's admission showing the working notes clearly. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 13
Chander and Damini were partners in a firm sharing profits and losses equally. On 31st March, 2017 their Balance Sheet was as follows:
 Balance Sheet of Chander and Damini as on 31.3.2017 as on 31.3.2016 Liabilities Amount (Rs) Assets Amount (Rs) Sundry Creditors 1,04,000 Cash at bank 30,000 Bills Receivable 45,000 Debtors 75,000 Furniture 1,10,000 Land and Building 3,10,000 Capitals: Chander 2,50,000 Damini 2,16,000 4,66,000 5,70,000 5,70,000

On 1.4.2017, they admitted Elina as a new partner for ${\frac{1}{3}}^{\mathrm{rd}}$ share in the profits on the following conditions:
(i) Elina will bring Rs 3,00,000 as her capital and Rs 50,000 as her share of goodwill premium, half of which will be withdrawn by Chander and Damini.
(ii) Debtors to the extent of Rs 5,000 were unrecorded.
(iii) Furniture will be reduced by 10% and 5% provision for bad and doubtful debts will be created on bills receivables and debtors.
(iv) Value of land and building will be appreciated by 20%.
(v) There being a claim against the firm for damages, a liability to the extent of Rs 8,000 wil be created for the same.
Prepare Revaluation Account and Partners' Capital Accounts. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 14
On 1st April, 2014, KK Ltd. invited applications for issuing 5,000 10% debentures of Rs 1,000 each at a discount of 6%. These debentures were repayable at the end of 3rd year at a premium of 10%. Applications for 6,000 debentures were received and the debentures were allotted on pro-rata basis to all the applicants. Excess money received with applications was refunded.
The directors decided to transfer the minimum amount to Debenture Redemption Reserve on 31.3.2016. On 1.4.2016, the company invested the necessary amount in 9% bank fixed deposit as per the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. Tax was deducted at source by bank on interest @10% p.a.
Pass the necessary journal entries for issue and redemption of debentures. Ignore entries relating to writing off loss on issue of debentures and interest paid on debentures. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 15
Pranav, Karan and Rahim were partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 2 : 2 : 1. On 31st March, 2017 their Balance Sheet was as follows :
 Balance Sheet of Pranav, Karan and Rahim as on 31.3.2017 Liabilities Amount (Rs) Assets Amount (Rs) Creditors 3,00,000 Fixed Assets 4,50,000 General Reserve 1,50,000 Stock 1,50,000 Debtors 2,00,000 Bank 1,50,000 Capitals: Pranav 2,00,000 Karan 2,00,000 Rahim 1,00,000 5,00,000 9,50,000 9,50,000

Karan died on 12.6.2017. According to the partnership deed, the legal representatives of the deceased partner were entitled to the following :

(i) Balance in his Capital Account
(ii) Interest on Capital @12% p.a.
(iii) Share of goodwill. Goodwill of the firm on Karan's death was valued at Rs 60,000.
(iv) Share in the profits of the firm till the date of his death, calculated on the basis of last year's profit. The profit of the firm for the year ended 31.3.2017 was Rs 5,00,000.
Prepare Karan's Capital Account to be presented to his representatives. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 16
Moli, Bhola and Raj were partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3 : 3 : 4. Their partnership deed provided for the following :
(i) Interest on capital @ 5% p.a.
(ii) Interest on drawing @ 12% p.a.
(iii) Interest on partners' loan @ 6% p.a.
(iv) Moli was allowed an annual salary of Rs 4,000; Bhola was allowed a commission of 10% of net profit as shown by Profit and Loss Account and Raj was guaranteed a profit of Rs 1,50,000 after making all the adjustments as provided in the partnership agreement.
Their fixed capitals were Moli : Rs 5,00,000; Bhola : Rs 8,00,000 and Raj : Rs 4,00,000. On 1st April, 2016 Bhola extended a loan of Rs 1,00,000 to the firm. The net profit of the firm for the year ended 31st March, 2017 before interest on Bhola's loan was Rs 3,06,000.
Prepare Profit and Loss Appropriation Account of Moli, Bhola and Raj for the year ended 31st March, 2017 and their Current Accounts assuming that Bhola withdrew Rs 5,000 at the end of each month, Moli withdrew Rs 10,000 at the end of each quarter and Raj withdrew Rs 40,000 at the end of each half year.

OR

Srijan, Raman and Manan were partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 2 : 2 : 1. On 31st March, 2017 their Balance Sheet was as follows :
 Balance Sheet of Srijan, Raman and Manan as on 31.3.2017 Liabilities Amount (Rs) Assets Amount (Rs) Capitals: Capital : Manan 10,000 Srijan 2,00,000 Plant 2,20,000 Raman 1,50,000 3,50,000 Investments 70,000 Creditors 75,000 Stock 50,000 Bills Payable 40,000 Debtors 60,000 Outstanding Salary 35,000 Bank 10,000 Profit and Loss Account 80,000 5,00,000 5,00,000

On the above date they decided to dissolve the firm.
(i) Srijan was appointed to realise the assets and discharge the liabilities. Srijan was to receive 5% commission on sale of assets (except cash) and was to bear all expenses of realisation.

(ii) Assets were realised as follows :

 Rs Plant 85,000 Stock 33,000 Debtors 47,000

(iii) Investments were realised at 95% of the book value.
(iv) The firm had to pay Rs 7,500 for an outstanding repair bill not provided for earlier.
(v) A contingent liability in respect of bills receivable, discounted with the bank had also materialised and had to be discharged for Rs 15,000.
(vi) Expenses of realisation amounting to Rs 3,000 were paid Srijan. Prepare Realisation Account, Partners' Capital Accounts and Bank Account. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 17
A Ltd. invited applications for issuing 1,00,000 shares of Rs 10 each at a premium of Rs 1 per share. The amount was payable as follows:  On Application : Rs 3 per share On Allotment : Rs 3 per share (including premium) On First Call : Rs 3 per share On Second and Final Call : Balance amount

Applications for 1,60,000 shares were received. Allotment was made on the following basis:  (i) To applicants for 90,000 shares : 40,000 shares (ii) To applicants for 50,000 shares : 40,000 shares (iii) To applicants for 20,000 shares : full shares

Excess money paid on application is to be adjusted against the amount due on allotment and calls.
Rishabh, a shareholder, who applied for 1,500 shares and belonged to category (ii), did not pay allotment, first and second and final call money.
Another shareholder, Sudha, who applied for 1,800 shares and belonged to category (i), did not pay the first and second and final call money.
All the shares of Rishabh and Sudha were forfeited and were subsequently re-issued at Rs 7 per share fully paid.

Pass the necessary journal entries in the books of A Ltd. Open Calls-in-Arrears Account and Calls-in-Advance Account wherever required.

OR

X Ltd. invited applications for issuing 50,000 equity shares of Rs 10 each. The amount was payable as follows:  On Application : Rs 2 per share On Allotment : Rs 2 per share On First Call : Rs 3 per share On Second and Final Call : Balance amount

Applications for 70,000 shares were received. Applications for 10,000 shares were rejected and the application money was refunded.
Shares were allotted to the remaining applicants on a pro-rata basis and excess money received with applications was transferred towards sums due on allotment and calls, if any.
Gopal, who applied for 600 shares, paid his entire share money with application. Ghosh, who had applied for 6,000 shares, failed to pay the allotment money and his shares were immediately forfeited. These forfeited shares were re-issued to Sultan for Rs 20,000; Rs 4 per share paid up. The first call money and the second and final call money was called and duly received.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of X Ltd. Open Calls-in-Advance Account and Calls-in-Arrears Account wherever necessary. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 18
State the primary objective of preparing a Cash Flow Statement. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 19
'Interest received and paid' is considered as which type of activity by a finance company while preparing a Cash Flow Statement? VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 20
From the following information obtained from the books of Kundan Ltd., calculate the inventory turnover ratio for the years 2015 – 16 and 2016 – 17 :
 2015 – 16 Rs 2016 – 17 Rs Inventory on 31st March 7,00,000 17,00,000 Revenue from operations 50,00,000 75,00,000
(Gross profit is 25% on cost of revenue from operations)
In the year 2015 – 16, inventory increased by Rs 2,00,000. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 21
JW Ltd. was a company manufacturing geysers. As a part of its long term goal for expansion, the company decided to identify the opportunity in rural areas. Initial plan was rolled out for Bhiwani village in Haryana. Since the village did not have regular supply of electricity, the company decided to manufacture solar geysers. The core team consisting of the Regional Manager, Accountant and the Marketing Manager was taken from the Head Office and the remaining employees were selected from the village and neighbourhood areas.
At the time of preparation of financial statements, the accountant of the company fell sick and the company deputed a junior accountant temporarily from the village for two months.
The Balance Sheet prepared by the junior accountant showed the following items against the Major Heads and Sub-heads mentioned which were not as per Schedule III of the Companies Act, 2013.

Cheques in Hand                      Current Investments
Term Loan from Bank               Other Long-term Liabilities
Computer Software                   Tangible Fixed Assets

Identify any two values that the company wants to communicate to the society. Also present the above items under the correct major heads and sub-heads as per Schedule III of the Companies Act, 2013. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 22
Prepare a common size Balance Sheet of KJ Ltd. from the following information  Particulars Note No. 31-03-2017 (Rs) 31-03-2017 (Rs) I. Equity and Liabilities : 1. Shareholder's Funds 8,00,000 4,00,000 2. Non-Current Liabilities 5,00,000 2,00,000 3. Current Liabilities 3,00,000 2,00,000 Total 16,00,000 8,00,000 II. Assets 1. Non-Current Assets 10,00,000 5,00,000 2. Current Assets 6,00,000 3,00,000 Total 16,00,000 8,00,000
VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 23
From the following Balance Sheet of JY Ltd. as at 31st March 2017, prepare a Cash Flow Statement :

 Balance Sheet of JY Ltd. as at 31.3.2017 Particulars Note No. 31.03.2017 (Rs) 31.03.2016 (Rs) I. Equity and Liabilities : 1. Shareholder's Funds : (a) Share Capital 5,00,000 5,00,000 (b) Reserves and Surplus 1 1,00,000 (25,000) 2. Non-Current Liabilities : Long-term Borrowings 2 2,50,000 1,50,000 3. Current Liabilities : (a) Short-term Borrowings 3 1,50,000 1,00,000 (b) Short-term Provisions 4 2,00,000 1,25,000 Total 12,00,000 8,50,000 II. Assets : 1. Non-Current Assets : (a) Fixed Assets : (i) Tangible 5 6,00,000 4,50,000 2. Current Assets : (a) Trade Receivables 2,75,000 2,25,000 (b) Cash and Cash Equivalents 1,25,000 75,000 (c) Short-term Loans and Advances 2,00,000 1,00,000 Total 12,00,000 8,50,000
 Notes to Accounts : Note No. Particulars 31.03.2017 (Rs) 31.03.2016 (Rs) 1. Reserves and Surplus : (Surplus i.e., Balance in the Statement of Profit and Loss) 1,00,000 (25,000) 1,00,000 (25,000) 2. Long-term Borrowings : 10% Debentures 2,50,000 1,50,000 2,50,000 1,50,000 3. Short-term Borrowings : Bank Overdraft 1,50,000 1,00,000 1,50,000 1,00,000 4. Short-term Provisions : (i) Proposed Dividend 75,000 50,000 (ii) Provision for Tax 1,25,000 75,000 2,00,000 1,25,000 5. Tangible Assets : Machinery 7,37,500 5,25,000 Accumulated Depreciation (1,37,500) (75,000) 6,00,000 4,50,000
Additional Information :   Rs 1,00,000, 10% debentures were issued on 31.3.2017. VIEW SOLUTION
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