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Mofina Rafiq asked a question
Subject: Business Studies, asked on on 24/9/17
identify the principle of management being violated in the following situations: (i) Raghulal receives orders from the planning incharge as well as the production incharge. (ii) Mohit is the sales manager with a team of five sales executives. He is responsible to meet the sales target. However, before finalizing any deal he has to seek opinion from the owner of the company. (iii) A company has two departments to manage sales across India. Both departments are responsible to sell company products in their areas. The owner felt that appointing separate heads of department would increase competition and thus increase sales volume. (iv) The workers of Quick Production Ltd. have to look for tools every morning because everyone in the company has a habit of leaving tools wherever it is convenient to them. (v) Mr. Ratiram the production manager expects that workers would perform their best immediately after joining. If any worker fails to perform he is fired within one week of joining. (vi) Puneet and a Sarita are working as sales managers in Sell Well Ltd. They both have similar responsibilities but Puneet enjoys higher salary and more perks than Sarita. (vii) Mr. Nitin the HR manager grants his assistant ten days paid leave for holiday but rejects Rohit's leave application for appearing in an exam. (viii) Mr. Nalin the head of Sales holds meeting with all the sales executives and discusses the market strategies. Two sales executives give feedback on existing strategies and suggest changes to make them effective but Mr. Nalin rejects them and asks all the executives to stick to the strategies he has stated. (ix) Manav a Sales manager sells products to only those customers from whom he can receive incentive. He makes no efforts to increase sales of other customers. 
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Subject: Business Studies, asked on on 4/2/17
1.Workers should be encouraged to develop and carry out their plans for improvements. Identify the principle of management formulated by Fayol.

2.The production manager of Bharat Ltd. instructs a salesman to go slow in selling the product, whereas the marketing manager is insisting on fast selling to achieve the target. Which principle of management is being violated in this case? State the consequences of violation of this principle.

3.Hina and Harish are typists in a company having same educational qualifications. Hina is getting Rs. 3,000 per month and Harish Rs. 4,000 per month as salary for the same working hours. Which principle of management is violated in this case? Name and explain the principle.

4.Which principle of management envisages that each group of activities having the same objectives must have one head and one plan? Explain the principle with a suitable example.

5.If an organisation does not provide the right place for physical and human resources in the organisation, which principle is violated? What are its consequences?

6.Name and explain the technique of Taylor which is the strongest motivator for a worker to reach standard performance.

7.The production manager of an automobile company asked the foreman to achieve a target production of 200 units (scooters) per day. But he did not give him the authority to requisition tools and materials from the stores department. Can the production manager blame the foreman if he is not able to achieve the desired target? Explain briefly the principle relating to the situation.

8.A principle of management states that the work should be divided into small tasks as it leads to specialisation and increased output. Name and explain the principle with an example. State two adverse effects if this principle is not followed.

9.The directors of Bhupender Ltd., an organisation manufacturing computers, want to double the sales and have given this responsibility to their sales manager. The sales manager has no authority either to increase the sales expenses or appoint new salesmen. Hence, he could not achieve this target. Is the sales manager responsible for not achieving the target? Explain, in brief, the relevant principle in support of your answer.

10. It has been observed that the prevailing situation in an organization is due to the violations of the principle of order. What might have been your observation?

11.Identify the technique of scientific management which are described by the statement given below:-

i. When specialists supervise each worker.

ii. Change in the attitude of workers and management towards one another. From competition to

Co-operatioiii.When uniformity is introduced in materials. Machine, tools, method of works and working

conditions after, due research.

12.Taylors techniques of management are universally applicable. Do you agree? Give reasons in support of your answer.

13.One of technique given byF.W. Taylor violates principle given by Henry Fayol. Identify that and explain.

14.One of technique given byF.W. Taylor is extension of principle given by Henry Fayol. Identify that and explain

15.Name two new management techniques developed on the basis of Principles of Management

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