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Board Paper of Class 12-Science 2005 Biology All India(SET 1) - Solutions

General Instructions:
 (i) All questions are compulsory.
(ii) This question paper consists of four sections A, B, C and D.
Section A contains 5 questions of one mark each.
Section B is of 10 questions of two marks each.
Section C is of 10 questions of three marks each and
 Section D is of 3 questions of five marks each.
(iii) There is no overall choice. However, an internal choice has been provided.
(iv) Wherever necessary, the diagrams drawn should be neat and properly labelled.
  • Question 1

    Name the heaviest and longest bone in the human body.

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  • Question 2

    Which type of UV radiations can be lethal to organisms?

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  • Question 3

    Why does thinning of bones usually start occurring in human females at about 50 years of age?

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  • Question 4

    What is polyethylene glycol used for in somatic hybridisation?

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  • Question 5

    Drosera carries out photosynthesis and still traps insects. Why?

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  • Question 6

    What is auxetic growth? Give two examples of organisms showing this kind of growth.

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  • Question 7

    What is a transgenic crop? Which plant is used to produce blood anti-coagulant protein? What is this protein called?

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  • Question 8

    Why do temperate regions show a lower value of primary productivity as compared to tropical regions? Give two reasons.

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  • Question 9

    What is oxidative decarboxylation? What happens to pyruvate immediately after this reaction? Name the enzyme involved in this reaction.

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  • Question 10

    Which animals suffer from rinderpest? Give its two early symptoms and explain how it spreads.

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  • Question 11

    List any four objectives of the Wild-life (Protection) Act, 1972, amended in 1991.

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  • Question 12

    An Rh negative mother has safely delivered her first Rh positive child. Discuss the problems that can arise as a result of it and can affect a subsequent pregnancy.

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  • Question 13

    Explain symbiotic nitrogen fixation in leguminous plants.

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  • Question 14

    What is cretinism? Give its any two causes.

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  • Question 15

    What is the end product of glycolysis in aerobes, and where does this process occur? List the conditions under which fermentation occurs in plant cells.

    OR

    Where exactly does electron transport system operate in mitochondria? What is the role of oxygen and F0 − F1 in this pathway? How many molecules of ATP are produced when one molecule of NADPH goes through this path?

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  • Question 16

    Name the hormone that stimulates the human gall bladder to release bile juice. How does this juice reach the duodenum? Explain the function of bile juice in food digestion.

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  • Question 17

    In what form do plants absorb phosphorus from the soil? Name any one cell organelle and one organic molecule that require phosphorus in the cell. List any two phosphorus deficiency symptoms in leaves.

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  • Question 18

    What are the two intrinsic mechanisms that provide auto regulation of glomerular filtrate? Explain any one of these.

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  • Question 19

    Differentiate between quiescent and dormant seeds. Give any four reasons why some seeds need to undergo dormancy.

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  • Question 20

    What is meant by the term ‘Hot Spots’ in biodiversity? Mention two criteria used for determining a Hot Spot. Name two Hot Spots in India.

    OR


    What is Brown air? Give two harmful effects of this air on humans. How is grey air different from brown air?

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  • Question 21

    Give the location and function in the human eye, of the following:

    (a) Cornea

    (b) Iris

    (c) Vitreous humour

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  • Question 23

    Plantlets produced in the laboratory need to be hardened before transplanting them in the field. Explain why they need to be hardened and how it is carried out.

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  • Question 24

    Name and explain the kind of interaction in the following:

    (a) Algae and Fungi in Lichens

    (b) Hermit crab and Sea-anemone

    (c) Head louse and Humans



     

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  • Question 25

    Name the type and give the effects of the following drugs on humans:

    (a) LSD

    (b) Morphine

    (c) Barbiturates

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  • Question 26

    Explain the mechanism of closing and opening of stomata. Name the category of plants which keep their stomata open during the night and closed during the day.

    OR

    Explain the mechanism of C4 photosynthetic carbon cycle. Name any two plants where it occurs. Mention the difference in the structure of chloroplasts in the mesophyll cells and bundle sheath cells in such plants.

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  • Question 27

    Draw labelled diagrams of the following-

    (a) T.S. of bilobed anther of an angiosperm

    (b) Internal structure of a pollen grain of an angiosperm.

    OR

    Draw a flowchart showing hormonal control of human female reproductive system. Highlight the positive and negative feedback mechanism in it.

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  • Question 28

    What is cardiac cycle? Explain the different steps involved in the pumping action of the heart during a single cardiac cycle.

    OR

    (i) What is residual volume? How much is it in a normal human adult?

    (ii) Explain the role of diaphragm and ribcage in inspiration and expiration in humans.

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