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Board Paper of Class 12-Science 2013 Biology Delhi(SET 1) - Solutions

General Instructions:
(i) All questions are compulsory.
(ii) This question paper consists of four Sections A, B, C and D. Section A contains 8 questions of one mark each, Section B is of 10 questions of two marks each, Section C is of 9 questions of three marks each and Section D is of 3 questions of five marks each.
(iii) There is no overall choice. However, an internal choice has been provided in one question of 2 marks, one question of 3 marks and two questions of 5 marks weightage. A student has to attempt only one of the alternatives in such questions.
(iv) Wherever necessary, the diagrams drawn should be neat and properly labelled.
  • Question 1

    An anther with malfunctioning tapetum often fails to produce viable male gametophytes. Give any one reason. (1)

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  • Question 2

    Why sharing of injection needles between two individuals is not recommended? (1)

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  • Question 3

    Name the enzyme and state its property that is responsible for continuous and discontinuous replication of the two strands of a DNA molecule. (1)

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  • Question 4

    Identify the examples of convergent evolution from the following: (1)

    (i) Flippers of penguins and dolphins

    (ii) Eyes of octopus and mammals

    (iii) Vertebrate brains

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  • Question 6

    Why is the enzyme cellulase needed for isolating genetic material from plant cells and not form the animal cells? (1)

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  • Question 7

    Name the type biodiversity represented by the following: (1)

    (a) 50,000 different strains of rice in India.

    (b) Estuaries and alpine meadows in India

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  • Question 8

    Write the equation that helps in deriving the net primary productivity of an ecosystem. (1)

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  • Question 9

    Geitonogamous flowering plants are genetically autogamous but functionally cross-pollinated. Justify. (2)

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  • Question 10

    When and where do chorionic villi appear in humans? State their function. (2)

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  • Question 11

    In a cross between two tall pea plants some of the offsprings produced were dwarf. Show with the help of Punett square how this is possible. (2)

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  • Question 12

    A student on a school trip started sneezing and wheezing soon after reaching the hill station for no explained reasons. But, on return to the plains, the symptoms disappeared. What is such a response called? How does the body produce it? (2)

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  • Question 13

    Name two commonly used bioreactors. State the importance of using a bioreactor. (2)

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  • Question 14

    Write the function of adenosine deaminase enzyme. State the cause of ADA deficiency in humans.

    Mention a possible cure for a ADA deficiency patient. (2)

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  • Question 15

    Expand the following and mention one application of each:

    (i) PCR

    (ii) ELISA

    OR

    (a) Mention the difference in the mode of action of exonuclease and endonuclease.

    (b) How does restriction endonuclease function? (2)

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  • Question 16

    Name any two sources of e-Wastes and write two difference ways of their disposal. (2)

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  • Question 17

    Why the pyramid of energy is always upright? Explain. (2)

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  • Question 18

    Explain why very small animals are rarely found in polar region. (2)

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  • Question 19

    Draw a diagram of the microscopic structure of human sperm. Label the following parts in it and write their functions.

    (a) Acrosome

    (b) Nucleus

    (c) Middle piece (3)

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  • Question 20

    With the help of any two suitable examples explain the effect of anthropogenic actions on organic evolution. (3)

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  • Question 21

    (a) Why is human ABO blood group gene considered a good example of multiple alleles?

    (b) Work out a cross up to F1 generation only, between a mother with blood group A (Homozygous) and the father with blood group B (Homozygous). Explain the pattern of inheritance exhibited. (3)

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  • Question 22

    Describe the structure of RNA polynucleotide chain having four different types of nucleotides. (3)

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  • Question 23

    Differentiate between inbreeding and outbreeding in cattle. State one advantage and one disadvantage for each one of them. (3)

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  • Question 24

    (a) Why are the fruit juices bought from market clearer as compared to those made at home?

    (b) Name the bioactive molecules produced by Trichoderma polysporum and Monascus purpureus. (3)

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  • Question 25

    (a) Why a transgenic animals so called?

    (b) Explain the role of transgenic animals in (i) Vaccine safety and (ii) Biological products with the help of an example each. (3)

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  • Question 26

    How have human activities caused desertification? Explain.

    OR

    How does algal bloom destroy the quality of a fresh water body? Explain. (3)

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  • Question 27

    Explain mutualism with the help of any two examples. How is it different from commensalism? (3)

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  • Question 28

    (a) Draw a diagrammatic sectional view of a mature anatropous ovule and label the following parts in it: (5)

    (i) that develops into seed coat.

    (ii) that develops into an embryo after fertilization.

    (iii) that develops into an endosperm in an albuminous seed.

    (iv) through which the pollen tube gains entry into the embryo sac.

    (v) that attaches the ovule to the placenta.

    (b) Describe the characteristic features of wind pollinated flowers.

    OR

    (a) Draw a diagrammatic sectional view of the female reproductive system of human and label the parts

    (i) where the secondary oocytes develop

    (ii) which helps in collection of ovum after ovulation

    (iii) where fertilization occurs

    (iv) where implantation of embryo occurs.

    (b) Explain the role of pituitary and the ovarian hormones in menstrual cycle in human females.

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  • Question 29

    Describe the asexual and sexual phases of life cycle of Plasmodium that causes malaria in humans. (5)

    OR

    (a) What is plant breeding? List the two steps the classical plant breeding involves.

    (b) How has the mutation breeding helped in improving crop varieties? Give one example where this technique has helped.

    (c) How has the breeding programme helped in improving the public nutritional health? State two examples in support of your answer.

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  • Question 30

    A child suffering from Thalassemia is born to a normal couple. But the mother is being blamed by the family for delivering a sick baby. (5)

    (a) What is Thalassemia?

    (b) How would you counsel the family not to blame the mother for delivering a child suffering from this disease? Explain.

    (c) List the values your counselling can propagate in the families.

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