Board Paper of Class 12Science 2016 Maths (SET 2)  Solutions
General Instructions :
(i) All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Please check that this Question Paper contains 26 Questions.
(iii) Marks for each question are indicated against it.
(iv) Questions 1 to 6 in SectionA are Very Short Answer Type Questions carrying one mark each.
(v) Questions 7 to 19 in SectionB are Long Answer I Type Questions carrying 4 marks each.
(vi) Questions 20 to 26 in SectionC are Long Answer II Type Questions carrying 6 marks each.
(vii) Please write down the serial number of the Question before attempting it.
* Kindly update your browser if you are unable to view the equations.
(i) All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Please check that this Question Paper contains 26 Questions.
(iii) Marks for each question are indicated against it.
(iv) Questions 1 to 6 in SectionA are Very Short Answer Type Questions carrying one mark each.
(v) Questions 7 to 19 in SectionB are Long Answer I Type Questions carrying 4 marks each.
(vi) Questions 20 to 26 in SectionC are Long Answer II Type Questions carrying 6 marks each.
(vii) Please write down the serial number of the Question before attempting it.
* Kindly update your browser if you are unable to view the equations.
 Question 1
Matrix A = $\left[\begin{array}{ccc}0& 2\mathrm{b}& 2\\ 3& 1& 3\\ 3\mathrm{a}& 3& 1\end{array}\right]$ is given to be symmetric, find values of a and b. VIEW SOLUTION
 Question 2
Find the position vector of a point which divides the join of points with position vectors $\overrightarrow{a}2\overrightarrow{b}\mathrm{and}2\overrightarrow{a}+\overrightarrow{b}$ externally in the ratio 2 : 1. VIEW SOLUTION
 Question 3
The two vectors $\hat{\mathrm{j}}+\hat{\mathrm{k}}\mathrm{and}3\hat{\mathrm{i}}\mathrm{j}+4\hat{\mathrm{k}}$ represent the two sides AB and AC, respectively of a ∆ABC. Find the length of the median through A. VIEW SOLUTION
 Question 4
Find the vector equation of a plane which is at a distance of 5 units from the origin and its normal vector is $2\hat{\mathrm{i}}3\hat{\mathrm{j}}+6\hat{\mathrm{k}}$. VIEW SOLUTION
 Question 5
Find the maximum value of $\left\begin{array}{ccc}1& 1& 1\\ 1& 1+\mathrm{sin}\mathrm{\theta}& 1\\ 1& 1& 1+\mathrm{cos}\mathrm{\theta}\end{array}\right$ VIEW SOLUTION
 Question 6
If A is a square matrix such that A^{2}^{ }= I, then find the simplified value of (A – I)^{3} + (A + I)^{3} – 7A. VIEW SOLUTION
 Question 7
Show that the equation of normal at any point t on the curve x = 3 cos t – cos^{3}t and y = 3 sin t – sin^{3}t is
4 (y cos^{3}t – sin^{3}t) = 3 sin 4t. VIEW SOLUTION
 Question 8
Find $\int \frac{\left(3\mathrm{sin}\mathrm{\theta}2\right)\mathrm{cos}\mathrm{\theta}}{5{\mathrm{cos}}^{2}\mathrm{\theta}4\mathrm{sin}\mathrm{\theta}}\mathrm{d\theta}$ .
OR
Evaluate ${\int}_{0}^{\mathrm{\pi}}{e}^{2x}\xb7\mathrm{sin}\left(\frac{\mathrm{\pi}}{4}+x\right)dx$ VIEW SOLUTION
 Question 9
Find $\int \frac{\sqrt{x}}{\sqrt{{a}^{3}{x}^{3}}}dx$. VIEW SOLUTION
 Question 10
Evaluate $\underset{1}{\overset{2}{\int}}\left{x}^{3}x\rightdx.$ VIEW SOLUTION
 Question 11
Find the particular solution of the differential equation
(1 – y^{2}) (1 + log x) dx + 2xy dy = 0, given that y = 0 when x = 1. VIEW SOLUTION
 Question 12
Find the general solution of the following differential equation :
$\left(1+{y}^{2}\right)+\left(x{e}^{{\mathrm{tan}}^{1}y}\right)\frac{dy}{dx}=0$ VIEW SOLUTION
 Question 13
Show that the vectors $\overrightarrow{a},\overrightarrow{b}\mathrm{and}\overrightarrow{c}$ are coplanar if $\overrightarrow{a}+\overrightarrow{b},\overrightarrow{b}+\overrightarrow{c}\mathrm{and}\overrightarrow{c}+\overrightarrow{a}$ are coplanar. VIEW SOLUTION
 Question 14
Find the vector and Cartesian equations of the line through the point (1, 2, −4) and perpendicular to the two lines.
$\overrightarrow{\mathrm{r}}=\left(8\hat{\mathrm{i}}19\hat{\mathrm{j}}+10\hat{\mathrm{k}}\right)+\lambda \left(3\hat{\mathrm{i}}16\hat{\mathrm{j}}+7\hat{\mathrm{k}}\right)$ and $\overrightarrow{\mathrm{r}}=\left(15\hat{\mathrm{i}}+29\hat{\mathrm{j}}+5\hat{\mathrm{k}}\right)+\mathrm{\mu}\left(3\hat{\mathrm{i}}+8\hat{\mathrm{j}}5\hat{\mathrm{k}}\right)$. VIEW SOLUTION
 Question 15
Three persons A, B and C apply for a job of Manager in a Private Company. Chances of their selection (A, B and C) are in the ratio 1 : 2 :4. The probabilities that A, B and C can introduce changes to improve profits of the company are 0.8, 0.5 and 0.3, respectively. If the change does not take place, find the probability that it is due to the appointment of C.OR
A and B throw a pair of dice alternately. A wins the game if he gets a total of 7 and B wins the game if he gets a total of 10. If A starts the game, then find the probability that B wins. VIEW SOLUTION
 Question 16
Prove that:
${\mathrm{tan}}^{1}\frac{1}{5}+{\mathrm{tan}}^{1}\frac{1}{7}+{\mathrm{tan}}^{1}\frac{1}{3}+{\mathrm{tan}}^{1}\frac{1}{8}=\frac{\mathrm{\pi}}{4}$
OR
Solve for x:
$2{\mathrm{tan}}^{1}\left(\mathrm{cos}x\right)={\mathrm{tan}}^{1}\left(2\mathrm{cosec}x\right)$ VIEW SOLUTION
 Question 17
The monthly incomes of Aryan and Babban are in the ratio 3 : 4 and their monthly expenditures are in the ratio 5 : 7. If each saves Rs 15,000 per month, find their monthly incomes using matrix method. This problem reflects which value? VIEW SOLUTION
 Question 18
If x = a sin 2t (1 + cos 2t) and y = b cos 2t (1 – cos 2t), find the values of $\frac{dy}{dx}$ at $\mathrm{t}=\frac{\mathrm{\pi}}{4}$ and $\mathrm{t}=\frac{\mathrm{\pi}}{3}.$
OR
If y = x^{x}, prove that $\frac{{\mathrm{d}}^{2}y}{\mathrm{d}{x}^{2}}\frac{1}{y}{\left(\frac{\mathrm{d}y}{\mathrm{d}x}\right)}^{2}\frac{y}{x}=0.$ VIEW SOLUTION
 Question 19
Find the values of p and q for which
$\mathrm{f}\left(x\right)=\left\{\begin{array}{ll}\frac{1{\mathrm{sin}}^{3}x}{3{\mathrm{cos}}^{2}x}& ,\mathrm{if}x\frac{x}{2}\\ \mathrm{p}& ,\mathrm{if}x=\pi /2\\ \frac{\mathrm{q}\left(1\mathrm{sin}x\right)}{{\left(\pi 2x\right)}^{2}}& ,\mathrm{if}x\pi /2\end{array}\right.$
is continuous at x = π/2. VIEW SOLUTION
 Question 20
Show that the altitude of the right circular cone of maximum volume that can be inscribed in a sphere of radius r is $\frac{4\mathrm{r}}{3}.$ Also find maximum volume in terms of volume of the sphere.
OR
Find the intervals in which f(x) = sin 3x – cos 3x, 0 < x < π, is strictly increasing or strictly decreasing. VIEW SOLUTION
 Question 21
Using integration find the area of the region $\left\{\left(x,y\right):{x}^{2}+{y}^{2}\u2a7d2ax,{y}^{2}\u2a7eax,x,y\u2a7e0\right\}$. VIEW SOLUTION
 Question 22
Find the coordinate of the point P where the line through A(3, –4, –5) and B(2, –3, 1) crosses the plane passing through three points L(2, 2, 1), M(3, 0, 1) and N(4, –1, 0).
Also, find the ratio in which P divides the line segment AB. VIEW SOLUTION
 Question 23
An urn contains 3 white and 6 red balls. Four balls are drawn one by one with replacement from the urn. Find the probability distribution of the number of red balls drawn. Also find mean and variance of the distribution. VIEW SOLUTION
 Question 24
A manufacturer produces two products A and B. Both the products are processed on two different machines. The available capacity of first machine is 12 hours and that of second machine is 9 hours per day. Each unit of product A requires 3 hours on both machines and each unit of product B requires 2 hours on first machine and 1 hour on second machine. Each unit of product A is sold at Rs 7 profit and B at a profit of Rs 4. Find the production level per day for maximum profit graphically. VIEW SOLUTION
 Question 25
Let $\mathrm{f}:\mathrm{N}\to \mathrm{N}$ be a function defined as $f\left(x\right)=9{x}^{2}+6x5$. Show that $\mathrm{f}:\mathrm{N}\to \mathrm{S}$, where S is the range of f, is invertible. Find the inverse of f and hence find ${\mathrm{f}}^{1}\left(43\right)\mathrm{and}{\mathrm{f}}^{1}\left(163\right)$. VIEW SOLUTION
 Question 26
Prove that $\left\begin{array}{ccc}yz{x}^{2}& zx{y}^{2}& xy{z}^{2}\\ zx{y}^{2}& xy{z}^{2}& yz{x}^{2}\\ xy{z}^{2}& yz{x}^{2}& zx{y}^{2}\end{array}\right$ is divisible by (x + y + z) and hence find the quotient.
OR
Using elementary transformations, find the inverse of the matrix $\mathrm{A}=\left(\begin{array}{ccc}8& 4& 3\\ 2& 1& 1\\ 1& 2& 2\end{array}\right)$ and use it to solve the following system of linear equations :
8x + 4y + 3z = 19
2x + y + z = 5
x + 2y + 2z = 7 VIEW SOLUTION
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