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Board Paper of Class 12-Science 2005 Physics (SET 1) - Solutions

General Instructions:
(i) All questions are compulsory.
(ii) There are 30 questions in total. Question Nos. 1 to 8 are very short answer type questions and carry one mark each.
(iii) Question Nos. 9 to 18 carry two marks each, question 19 to 27 carry three marks each and question 28 to 30 carry five marks each.
(iii) There is no overall choice. However, an internal choice has been provided in one question of two marks; one question of three marks and all three questions of five marks each. You have to attempt only one of the choice in such questions.
(iv) Use of calculators is not permitted.
  • Question 1

    An electric dipole of dipole moment 20 × 106 Cm is enclosed by a closed surface. What is the net flux coming out of the surface?

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  • Question 2

    An electron beam, projected along + X-axis, experiences a force due to a magnetic field along the + Y-axis. What is the direction of the magnetic field?

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  • Question 3

    The power factor of an AC circuit is 0.5. What will be the phase difference between voltage and current in this circuit?

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  • Question 4

    Electrons are emitted from a photosensitive surface when it is illuminated by

    (i) red light (ii) blue light.

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  • Question 5

    What should be the length of the dipole antenna for a carrier wave of frequency 3 × 108 Hz?

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  • Question 6

    Define ‘electric line of force’ and give its two important properties.

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  • Question 8

    Why is convex mirror used as driver’s mirror?

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  • Question 9

    (a) Why does the electric field inside a dielectric decrease when it is placed in an external electric field?

    (b) A parallel plate capacitor with air between the plates has a capacitance of 8 pF. What will be the capacitance if the distance between the plates be reduced by half and the space between them is filled with a substance of dielectric constant K = 6?

    OR

    Three point charges of + 2 μC, − 3 μC and − 3μC are kept at the vertices A, B and C respectively of an equilateral triangle of side 20 cm as shown in the figure. What should be the sign and magnitude of the charge to be placed at the mid-point (M) of side BC so that the charge at A remains in equilibrium?

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  • Question 10

    Draw V − I graph for ohmic and non-ohmic materials. Give one example for each.

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  • Question 11

    Define the terms ‘Magnetic Dip’ and ‘Magnetic Declination’ with the help of relevant diagrams.

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  • Question 12

    In the figure given below, a bar magnet moving towards the right or left induces an e.m.f in the coils (1) and (2). Find, giving reason, the directions of the induced currents through the resistors AB and CD when the magnet is moving (a) towards the right, and (b) towards the left.

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  • Question 13

    (i) Draw the graphs showing variation of inductive reactance and capacitive reactance with frequency of applied a.c. source.

    (ii) Can the voltage drop across the inductor or the capacitor in a series LCR circuit be greater than the applied voltage of the a.c. source? Justify your answer.

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  • Question 14

    The image of a candle is formed by a convex lens on a screen. The lower half of the lens is painted black to make it completely opaque. Draw the ray diagram to show the image formation. How will this image be different from the one obtained when the lens is not painted black?

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  • Question 15

    An electric dipole is held in a uniform electric field. (i) Using suitable diagram, show that it does not undergo any translatory motion, and (ii) derive an expression for the torque acting on it and specify its direction.

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  • Question 16

    A galvanometer with a coil of resistance 120 ohm shows full scale deflection for a current of 2.5 mA. How will you convert the galvanometer into an ammeter of range 0 to 7.5 A. Determine the net resistance of the ammeter.

    When an ammeter is put in a circuit, does it read slightly less or more than the actual current in the original circuit? Justify your answer.

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  • Question 17

    Give reasons for the following:

    (i) Long distance radio broadcasts use short-wave bands.

    (ii) The small ozone layer on the top of the stratosphere is crucial for human survival.

    (iii) Satellites are used for long distance TV transmission.

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  • Question 18

    A 12 pF capacitor is connected to a 50 V battery. How much electrostatic energy is stored in the capacitor?

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  • Question 19

    Define the term ‘resistivity’ and write its S.I. unit. Derive the expression for the resistivity of a conductor in terms of number density of free electrons and relaxation time.

    OR

    State the principle of potentiometer. Draw a circuit diagram used to compare the e.m.f. of two primary cells. Write the formula used. How can the sensitivity of a potentiometer be increased?

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  • Question 20

    Explain, with the help of diagram, the principle and working of an a.c. generator. Write the expression for the e.m.f. generated in the coil in terms of its speed of rotation.

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  • Question 21

    A figure divided into squares, each of size 1 mm2, is being viewed at a distance of 9 cm through a magnifying lens of focal length 10 cm, held close to eye.

    (a) Draw a ray diagram showing the formation of the image.

    (b) What is the magnification produced by the lens? How much is the area of each square in the virtual image?

    (c) What is the angular magnification of the lens?

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  • Question 22

    Ultraviolet light of wavelength 2271 Å from a 100 W mercury source radiates a photo cell made of molybdenum metal. If the stopping potential is 1.3 V, estimate the work function of the metal. How would the photo cell respond to high intensity (105 Wm2) red light of wavelength 6328 Å produced by a He−Ne laser?

    Plot a graph showing the variation of photoelectric current with anode potential for two light beams of same wavelength but different intensity.

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  • Question 23

    (a) Draw a graph showing the variation of potential energy of a pair of nucleons as a function of their separation. Indicate the regions in which nuclear force is (i) attractive, and (ii) repulsive.

    (b) Write two characteristic features of nuclear force which distinguish it from the Coulomb force.

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  • Question 24

    (a) Show that the decay rate ‘Rof a sample of a radionuclide is related to the number of radioactive nuclei ‘Nat the same instant by the expression R = λN.

    (b) The half-life of against α-decay is 1.5 × 1017 S. What is the activity of a sample of having 25 × 1020 atoms?

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  • Question 25

    Explain with the help of a circuit diagram, how the thickness of depletion layer in a p-n junction diode changes when it is forward biased. In the following circuits which one of the two diodes is forward biased and which is reverse biased?

    (i)

    (ii)

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  • Question 26

    Distinguish between analog and digital communication. Write any two modulation techniques employed for the digital data. Describe briefly one of the techniques used.

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  • Question 27

    Draw a schematic diagram of a single optical fibre structure. Explain briefly how an optical fibre is fabricated. Describe in brief, the mechanism of propagation of light signal through an optical fibre.

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  • Question 28

    (a) With the help of a labelled diagram, explain the principle and working of a moving coil galvanometer.

    (b) Two parallel coaxial circular coils of equal radius ‘Rand equal number of turns ‘N, carry equal currents ‘Iin the same direction and are separated by a distance ‘2R. Find the magnitude and direction of the net magnetic field produced at the mid-point of the line joining their centres.

    OR

    (a) State Biot-savart’s law. Using this law, derive the expression for the magnetic field due to a current carrying circular loop of radius ‘Rat a point which is at a distance ‘xfrom its centre along the axis of the loop.

    (b) Two small identical circular loops, marked (1) and (2), carrying equal currents, are placed with the geometrical axes perpendicular to each other as shown in the figure. Find the magnitude and direction of the net magnetic field produced at the point O.

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  • Question 29

    (a) How is a wavefront different from a ray? Draw the geometrical shape of the wavefronts when (i) light diverges from a point source, and (ii) light emerges out of the convex lens when a point source is placed at its focus.

    (b) State Huygen’s principle. With the help of a suitable diagram, prove Snell’s law of refraction using Huygen’s principle.

    OR

    (a) In Young’s double slit experiment, deduce the conditions for (i) constructive and (ii) destructive interference at a point on the screen. Draw a graph showing variation of the resultant intensity in the interference pattern against position ‘xon the screen.

    (b) Compare and contrast the pattern which is seen with two coherently illuminated narrow slits in Young’s experiment with that seen for a coherently illuminated single slit producing diffraction.

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  • Question 30

    (a) Distinguish between metals, insulators and semiconductors on the basis of their energy bands.

    (b) Why are photodiodes used preferably in reverse bias condition? A photodiode is fabricated from a semiconductor with band gap of 2.8 eV. Can it detect wavelength of 6000 nm? Justify. 3

    Or

    (a) Explain briefly, with the help of circuit diagram, how V = I characteristics of

    p - n junction diode are obtained in (i) forward bias, and (ii) reverse bias. Draw the shape of the curves obtained.

    (b) A semiconductor has equal electron and hole concentration of 6 × 108 /m3.

    On doping with certain impurity, electron concentration increases to 9 × 1012 /m3.

    (i) Identify the new semiconductor obtained after doping.

    (ii) Calculate the new hole concentration.

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