Basic Science Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 8 Habitat And Adaptation are provided here with simple step-by-step explanations. These solutions for Habitat And Adaptation are extremely popular among Class 6 students for Science Habitat And Adaptation Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. All questions and answers from the Basic Science Book of Class 6 Science Chapter 8 are provided here for you for free. You will also love the ad-free experience on Meritnation’s Basic Science Solutions. All Basic Science Solutions for class Class 6 Science are prepared by experts and are 100% accurate.

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A habitat is a place in which an organism or a community of organisms lives naturally. A pond is an example of a freshwater habitat.

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The abiotic components of a habitat consist of non-living things, such as air, water, soil, light and temperature.

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Whales breathe like human beings, through their lungs. They come up to the water surface and take in air. They can hold their breath for a very long time.

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Vultures and hyenas are examples of scavengers.

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Primary consumers include herbivores, which eat plants. Examples: Cows and goats.

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Plants submerged in water have long, thin leaves so that they can make the most of the faint light that reaches them. These flexible leaves also offer very little resistance to the flow of water.

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Edaphic factors refer to the characteristics of soil.

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Aestivation is a method by which some animals hide or spend the entire summer in a state of sleep.

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The following are two ways by which animals cope with low temperature.

(i) With the help of their very thick layer of fur
(ii) By undergoing hibernation during winter (only some animals have this capability)

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Bacteria and fungi are two groups of decomposers.



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The adaptations of fish that help them to survive in water are as follows.

(i) They have gills for respiration.
(ii) They have a streamlined body.
(iii) They have scales on their body.

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A food chain refers to a series of organisms linked together by the process of eating and being eaten.

Example:
Grass → Grasshopper → Frog → Snake

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Camouflage is an adaptation of several organisms that helps them to blend with their surroundings and hide from their predators or preys.
Examples: Chameleons and various insects, such as the stick insect. 

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Two of the adaptations that help carnivores to get their food are given below.

(i) They have large, curved, pointed canines for gripping and tearing the flesh of their prey.
(ii) Their eyes are located in the front of their heads to judge distances better.

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Xerophytes are plants that live in dry or desert areas. They store water in their green, spongy stems, which also serve as leaves, and they have spines instead of leaves to reduce water loss. They have long roots that penetrate deep into the soil in search of water.

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The adaptations of floating plants are given below.

(i) They have air cavities in their stems and leaves that make them light enough to float.
(ii) They have a waxy covering on their leaves that prevent decay.

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Conifers are trees that grow in very cold and dry climates. They have the following adaptations to overcome extreme cold conditions.

(a) Their structure is such that snow slides off them and does not accumulate.
(b) They have needle-shaped leaves to reduce water loss through transpiration.

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Camels live in hot and dry deserts. To cope with life in the desert, they have the following adaptations.

(a) Their hump stores fat to help them tide over food shortage.
(b) They excrete very little, highly concentrated urine to reduce the loss of water.
(c) They can raise their body temperature so as not to feel too hot.
(d) They can drink large quantities of water at once.

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Adaptations Responses
They are structural and functional changes in an organism that help it to survive in its habitat. They are behaviours of an organism to help it to cope with changes in their surroundings.
They develop over a long period of time. They are sudden and spontaneous changes.
Example: The camel is adapted to live in conditions of extreme heat. Example: Humans respond to a rise in temperature by sweating.

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1. Omnivores are animals that eat plants as well as animals.
2. Biodegradable substances can be decomposed by natural decomposers.
3. Tigers are secondary consumers.
4. Some animals spend the winter months sleeping, or hibernating.
5. The spines of cacti protect them from grazers.
6. Desert plants have a thick cuticle to protect themselves from intense light.

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(a) look around

Deer have eyes on the sides of their head to look around for predators.

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(b) long roots

Xerophytes have long roots that penetrate deep in search of water.

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(a) because strong coastal winds tear them down

Palm leaves are segmented to cope with coastal winds.

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(a) most plants live in the upper zone

Most of the plants in a marine habitat are found in the upper zone as light does not penetrate deep into the water.

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(c) and (d)

Both bacteria and fungi are decomposers.

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(a) and (d)

Giraffes and elephants are herbivores.

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(b) Hydrilla

Hydrilla is a submerged plant.

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(c) long neck of giraffes

A giraffe has a long neck to grasp the leaves of tall plants.



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