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# Living Science Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 15 - Water

Living Science Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 15 Water are provided here with simple step-by-step explanations. These solutions for Water are extremely popular among class 6 students for Science Water Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. All questions and answers from the Living Science Book of class 6 Science Chapter 15 are provided here for you for free. You will also love the ad-free experience on Meritnation’s Living Science Solutions. All Living Science Solutions for class 6 Science are prepared by experts and are 100% accurate.

#### Question 1:

Vegetables and fruits contain a lot of water. True or false?

True. The roots of the plants absorb water and other nutrients from the soil and transports the same into other parts of the plants. Hence, fruits and vegetables contain a lot of water.

#### Question 2:

About __________ per cent of the human body consists of water.

About seventy percent of the human body consists of water.

#### Question 3:

Where does water exist in the gaseous state?

Water in the atmosphere exists in the gaseous state as water vapour.

#### Question 4:

Change of temperature can be used to change the state of water. True or false?

True. As the temperature decreases, water changes to ice. As the temperature increases, water changes to water vapour. Hence, change of temperature can be used to change the state of water.

#### Question 5:

The conversion of water into ice on cooling is called ________; and the conversion of ice to water on _________ is called ___________

The conversion of water into ice on cooling is called freezing of water; and the conversion of ice to water on heating is called melting of ice.

#### Question 6:

Which evaporates faster−hot water or cold water?

Hot water evaporates faster than cold water. The rate of evaporation depends upon the temperature. Higher the temperature, faster the water evaporates.

#### Question 7:

Water evaporates rapidly to form steam when it starts _____________

Water evaporates rapidly to form steam when it starts boiling.

#### Question 8:

Give one word for 'water vapour changing to water on cooling'.

'Water vapour changing to water on cooling' is called condensation.

#### Question 9:

Water drops fall as rain as soon as water vapour in the clouds condenses to form water. True or false?

True. As the water vapour in the clouds condense, it falls to the ground as rain.

#### Question 10:

The water that seeps under the ground does not participate in the water cycle any more. True or false?

False. The ground water is pumped out and used extensively for irrigation, drinking, industrial purposes, etc. Also, ground water may flow out naturally into rivers, streams, springs etc., and join the water cycle again.

#### Question 11:

In places where the air is polluted, rainwater sometimes contains an acid. True or false?

True. The water vapour present in the air gets condensed and fall on the earth as rain. If the air contains pollutants, these are also dissolved in the rain water leading to acid rain.

#### Question 1:

What would have been the consequence if water was not recycled in nature by the water cycle?

If water was not recycled in nature, then the water resources on earth gets depleted. This would cause an imbalance in nature, causing the extinction of life on earth.

#### Question 2:

It is estimated that the water table in a fast frowing town like Gurgaon (near Delhi) will go down so much in the next decade that it will be difficult to extract groundwater for use. This situation can be corrected by widespread use of one method of recharging groundwater. What do you think this method is?

In fast frowning towns like Gurgaon, ground water can be recharged by making use of rain water. The rain water that falls on the roof of the building and flowing along the roadside should be directed and allowed to flow into a deep pit in the ground. This water adds to the underground water.

#### Question 3:

How can you show that water vapour is present in air?

To demonstrate the presence of water vapour in air, take some ice cubes in a glass. Let the glass stand without being disturbed for some time. You will observe droplets of water on the outer surface of the glass.
These water droplets result from the condensation of water vapour from the air on the cold surface of the glass. This shows that water vapour is present in air.

#### Question 4:

What are the reasons for lowering of the water table in large cities?

The water table in large cities has been lowered because of the following reasons:

1. In large cities, trees have been felled to make room for buildings and roads causing less rainfall in large cities.
2. In large cities, rain water is diverted by drains into lakes and reservoirs, rather than into the water table.
3. The large population in big cities uses ground water and other water resources faster than they can be replenished.

#### Question 5:

During a drought, the prices of grain, fruits and vegetables go up. Why do you think this happens? Do you expect the prices of grain, fruits and vegetables to go up during floods also? Why?

Drought is a situation which occurs due to the shortage of rainfall.This results in drying up of crops, which in turn leads to the shortage of food. Hence, during drought, the prices of grains, fruits and vegetables increase.
Floods are caused due to excess rainfall. Due to the excess water flow, the crops gets damaged again resulting in the shortage of food. Again, this causes an increase in food prices.

#### Question 6:

What are the causes of floods?

During monsoon season, most parts of our country receives heavy rainfall. The rivers which are perennial, receive a very large amount of water. This causes the rivers to overrun their banks and move towards land, causing floods. In coastal areas, floods are often caused by tidal waves, which occur due to cyclones.

#### Question 7:

List four ways in which we can conserve water.

Following are the ways by which we can conserve water and use it effectively:
(i) Using the water effectively, by avoiding wastage and recycling wherever possible.
(ii) Planting more trees and forestation. Trees absorbs water from the ground. Hence, balance the water cycle.
(iii) Storing rain water in large amounts for future use by constructing dams.
(iv) Treating the sewage and industrial wastes before disposing them to the water source, thereby reducing the water pollution.

#### Question 8:

Big dams have their own problems. Discuss.

Big dams have large water reservoirs to store a huge amount of water at a time. If the rainfall is heavy and the water exceeds the storage limit of the reservoir, then water is released from the dam. This causes heavy flooding, which destroys wildlife, agriculture and displaces people from their homes. Also, large amount of water stored in dams can cause earthquakes in regions prone to tectonic activity.

#### Question 9:

What is rainwater harvesting? What are the two ways in which it can be done?

Rain water harvesting is storing the rain water for future use. Rain water harvesting can be done in following two ways:
(i) The rain water that falls on the roof of the buildings are directed towards a deep pit in the ground. In this way the ground absorbs the water and thereby adding to the underground water reserves.
(ii) Instead of allowing the rainwater to flow into the drains, the rain water has to be directed to the underground pits to again boost ground water levels.

#### Question 12:

What is the name given to the level at which groundwater is found?

Water table is the name given to the level at which groundwater is found.

#### Question 13:

Groundwater is generally free from suspended impurities. True or false?

True. Ground water passes through the soil and surface of the rocks, which filter out the suspended impurities contained in water. Hence, ground water is free from the impurities.

#### Question 14:

Sea water ___________ (can/cannot) be used for irrigation.

Sea water cannot be used for irrigation.

#### Question 15:

Increased soil erosion occurs during a drought. True or false?

True. The fertile soil on the top most surface of the dry agricultural land are easily blown away by the wind which causes soil erosion. So, scarcity of water during drought increases soil erosion.

#### Question 16:

Diseases can spread during both floods and drought. True or false?

True. Both floods and drought result in the damaging of crops, which in turn leads to the shortage of food and wide spread death of animals and also humans.

#### Question 17:

In coastal areas, flooding is mostly caused by _____________

In coastal areas, flooding is mostly caused by cyclones.

#### Question 18:

You can collect rainwater for later use by rainwater ______________

You can collect rainwater for later use by rainwater harvesting.

#### Question 3:

You can see water in its three states in nature. Name some other substances that you can see in the three states in everyday life.