Science NCERT Grade 6, Chapter 8, Body Movements begins with a basic understanding of how do animals move which is presented in a tabular format. The first section of the chapter i.e. Human Body And Its Movements gives details about various movements in our body again with the help of a table. The terms like joints, bones, ribcage, skeleton etc. find mention in this section. Four different types of joints discussed here are -

  • ball and socket joint
  • pivotal joint
  • hinge joint
  • fixed joint

The functioning of these joints is explained with the help of activities. Rib cage and different types of bones like backbone, shoulder bone, pelvic bone are comprehensively covered with the help of activities which makes the entire learning process an interactive one. The chapter Body Movements also mentions the term cartilage and tries to explain the difference between cartilage and bone. It also gives a brief account of the mechanism of movement.
The second section of the chapter Body Movements is about the gait of animals dealing with the pattern of movements in animals like earthworms, snails, fish, birds, snakes and cockroaches.
This section deals in detail about the movement shown by these animals. The streamlined shape of birds is specified in this portion along with a speciality in the movement of the animals mentioned above.

The topics covered in the chapter, Body Movements are the Human body and its Movements and Gait of Animals.

Page No 77:

Question 1:

Fill in the blanks:

(a) Joints of bones help in the _________ of body.

(b) A combination of bones and cartilages forms the _________ of the body.

(c) Bones at the elbow are joined by a _________ joint.

(d) The contraction of the _________ pulls the bones during movement.

Answer:

(a) Joints of bones help in the __movement__ of body.

(b) A combination of bones and cartilages forms the __skeleton__ of the body.

(c) Bones at the elbow are joined by a __hinge__ joint.

(d) The contraction of the __muscle__ pulls the bones during movement.

Page No 77:

Question 2:

Indicate true (T) or false (F) for the following sentences.

(a) Movement and locomotion of all animals is exactly the same. ( )

(b) Cartilages are harder than bones. ( )

(c) Finger bones do not have joints. ( )

(d) The fore arm has two bones. ( )

(e) Cockroaches have an outer skeleton. ( )

Answer:

(a) Movement and locomotion of all animals is exactly the same. (False)

(b) Cartilages are harder than bones. (False)

(c) Finger bones do not have joints. (False)

(d) The fore arm has two bones. (True)

(e) Cockroaches have an outer skeleton. (True)



Page No 78:

Question 3:

Match the items in Column I with one or more items in Column II.

Column I

Column II

Upper jaw

have fins on the body

Fishes

has an outer skeleton

Ribs

can fly in the air

Snail

is an immovable joint

Cockroach

protect the heart

-

shows very slow movement

-

have a streamlined body

Answer:

Column I

Column II

Upper jaw

is an immovable joint

Fishes

have a streamlined body; have fins on the body

Ribs

protect the heart

Snail

shows very slow movement

Cockroach

has an outer skeleton; can fly in the air

Page No 78:

Question 4:

Answer the following:

(a) What is a ball and socket joint?

(b) Which of the skull bones are movable?

(c) Why can our elbow not move backwards?

Answer:

(a) Ball and socket joint is a movable joint. It consists of a bone that has a round head, which fits into a cup like depression of another bone. This helps the bone to rotate freely. Examples of such joints are hip and shoulder joints.

(b) Mandible bone which forms the lower jaw is the only skull bone that is movable.

(c) The elbow has a hinge joint. This type of a joint allows the movement in one plane only. Therefore, our elbow cannot move backwards.



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