Science NCERT, Grade 6, Chapter 3, Fibre to Fabric deals extensively with the concepts associated with fibres and fabrics. The entire chapter is covered under six different sections.
The first section - variety in fabrics familiarizes the students with different types of fabric with the help of a couple of activities. Here, the term yarn is mentioned. The second section of the chapter, Fibre to Fabric defines the term fibre and classifies it into

  • natural fibres
  • synthetic fibres

The identification of fibres is made simpler by providing suitable examples and a diagrammatic view of some common fibres. The third part of the chapter discusses in detail some plant fibres like cotton and jute along with their uses. under this section, the term ginning is mentioned. In the fourth section, the process of spinning of yarn is explained with the help of an activity. Continuing the procedure, the fifth section deals with the conversion of yarn into the fabric where terms like weaving and knitting are defined. The chapter also includes figures associated with handlooms and knitting so as to make the understanding of the concepts easier. The chapter ends with a short discussion on the history of clothing materials wherein the variations in stitched clothes are discussed. 

The topics covered in the chapter, Fibre to Fabric are Variety in fabrics, Fibre, Some Plant Fibres, Spinning Cotton Yarn, Yarn to Fabric and History of Clothing Materials.

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Question 1:

Classify the following fibres as natural or synthetic:

Nylon, wool, cotton, silk, polyester, jute

Answer:

Fibres that are obtained from nature, i.e., from plants and animals are called natural fibres and those made by humans by chemical methods are known as synthetic fibres.

Wool and silk are obtained from animals and cotton and jute are obtained from plants. Hence, they are natural fibres. Nylon and polyester on the other hand are prepared artificially and are therefore synthetic fibres.

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Question 2:

State whether the following statements are ‘true’ or ‘false’:

a) Yarn is made from fibre.

b) Spinning is a process of making fibres.

c) Jute is an outer covering of coconut.

d) The process of removing seeds from cotton is called ginning.

e) Weaving of yarn makes a piece of fabric.

f) Silk fibre is obtained from the stem of a plant.

g) Polyester is a natural fibre.

Answer:

a) Yarn is made from fibre. (True)

b) Spinning is a process of making fibres. (False)

c) Jute is an outer covering of coconut. (False)

d) The process of removing seeds from cotton is called ginning. (True)

e) Weaving of yarn makes a piece of fabric. (True)

f) Silk fibre is obtained from the stem of a plant. (False)

g) Polyester is a natural fibre. (False)

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Question 3:

Fill in the blanks:

(a) Plant fibres are obtained from ________ and ________.

(b) Animal fibres are ________ and ________.

Answer:

(a) Plant fibres are obtained from __fruits__ and __stems__.

(b) Animal fibres are __wool__ and __silk__.

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Question 4:

From which parts of the plant cotton and jute are obtained?

Answer:

Cotton fibres are obtained from the fruit of cotton plants. The fruit of a cotton plant is known as cotton bolls. Jute fibres are obtained from the stem of jute plants.

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Question 5:

Name two items that are made from coconut fibre.

Answer:

Two items that are made from coconut fibre are:

(i) Ropes

(ii) Baskets

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Question 6:

Explain the process of making yarn from fibre.

Answer:

The process of making yarn from fibre is called spinning. The fibres are first drawn out from their source and then twisted into yarn. Two devices used in spinning are takli and charkha.



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