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Question A1:

Land disputes are settled by the tehsildars.

Answer:

This statement is false.

Explanation: Land disputes are settled by the village sarpanch with the help of Patwaris and the police.

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Question A2:

Station House Officers supervise the Patwaris.

Answer:

This statement is false.

Explanation: A Patwari is supervised by the kanungo, field kanungo and Circle Revenue Officer.

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Question A3:

The police officers can refuse to register an FIR.

Answer:

This statement is false.

Explanation: The police officers can refuse to investigate a complaint but they cannot refuse to register an FIR.

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Question A4:

Patwari maintains records like Khasra.

Answer:

This statement is true.

Explanation: One of the main duties of the Patwari is to maintain land records like Khasra. It contains the details of the crops grown and the harvest inspections done.

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Question A5:

The new inheritance law has not been able to do much for the women.

Answer:

This statement is false.

Explanation: The new inheritance law has helped to improve the condition of women.
It has helped by bringing them at par with men and by giving them equal shares in agricultural and residential property.

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Question B1:

Discuss the role of police at the village level.

Answer:

The police consist of a body of persons who are given certain powers by the state, to check any disorder in the society and punish those who are found guilty. Therefore, the main responsibility of the police is the enforcement of law and maintenance of order in the society.
The role of police at the village level is also the same. Following are the duties of the police:

1. Maintaining law and order in the village

2. Preventing crimes in the village

3. Punishing the offenders

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Question B2:

Who is the in charge of all the police stations in a district?

Answer:

The Superintendent of police is incharge of all the police stations in a district. Other officers help him in maintaining law and order of the area.

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Question B3:

What is the importance of an FIR?

Answer:

First Information Report or the FIR is the written complaint lodged with the police. The police prepares this written document based on the information received from the victim or any one else on behalf of the victim.
It is important because it is only after the FIR is lodged that the police can investigate a case. The police can refuse to investigate a case even after an FIR has been filed if the case is not serious.

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Question B4:

What role does the tehsildar play in the district administration?

Answer:

A Tehsildar is in charge of a tehsil, which is a subdivision of a district. He plays an important role in the district administration in the following ways:

1. He is incharge of the revenue accounts of the village.

2. He makes sure that the land revenue is assessed and collected.

3. He oversees the work done by the Patwari.

4. He settles land disputes.

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Question B5:

Who is a Patwari?

Answer:

Patwari is the land record officer of a village. He is a link between the village and the government. He provides information about the crops, based on harvest inspection, to the government. His main functions are as follows:

1. Maintaining records of crops grown at every harvest
2. Maintaining a record of all the land and its owners in the village
3. Collecting the land revenue

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Question B6:

What do you understand by Khasra?

Answer:

Khasra is a register of land records maintained by the Patwari. It contains the details of the crops grown and the harvest inspections done by the Patwari in the village.
The register contains the following:

1. Facts related to the grown crops

2. Types of soil available

3. Cultivable capacity of the cultivators

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Question B7:

What is the new inheritance law?

Answer:

The new inheritance law is known as the Hindu Succession Amendment Act 2005. This act is beneficial for women in the following ways:
1. It gives equal inheritance rights to women as men, in all states of India.
2. It also gives women the right to live in and/or demand partition in the family house, which was earlier denied to them.

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Question C1:

Describe the responsibilities of a Patwari.

Answer:

Patwari is a land record officer of a village. He performs a number of important functions for the smooth functioning of the village. His main functions are

1. Assessing the crop grown during harvest

2. Maintaining a register called Khasra in which he notes the harvest of all three seasons: rabi, kharif and zaid

3. Maintaining the Record of Rights of the land so that the current owner and inheritor of every land is known

4. Collecting the land revenue and informing the government about the harvested crops

5. Reporting to the government about all the serious calamities affecting the land or the crops or any disease among men and beasts

6. Being responsible for all the maps and equipment used in the area

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Question C2:

What has the new inheritance law been able to do for the women?

Answer:

To remove any discrimination between son and daughter in the inheritance of parents property, the Government of India amended the existing law. The new law is called the The Hindu Succession Amendment Act 2005.
This new law has benefited women in the following ways:

1. The new law gave women the right to inherit their family properties. Earlier, once a woman was married, she could not stay or inherit her family house and other properties. Also an unmarried girl had the right to only live in the house and not inherit it. But now women can inherit and/or ask for partition of the family properties.

2. It gave them equal rights as men on agricultural land in all states of India.

Thus, the new law has greatly benefited Indian women as they can now inherit properties and not be dependent on anyone else.

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Question C3:

How do you think the work of panchayat and the work of Patwari are related?

Answer:

People in the village are dependent on land to earn their livelihood. There may arise disputes related to land. Such disputes are settled by the panchayat with the help of a land record officer known as Patwari. The panchayat is helped by the Patwari in their work in the following ways:

1. The Patwari is responsible for inspecting the crops grown, maintaining land records and keeping a work book, which is updated on a daily basis. He provides this information to the panchayat. Then, the panchayat fixes the taxes on land based on these records.

2. The Patwari reports all the serious calamities affecting the land or the crop to the panchayat. Then, the panchayat takes necessary measures.

3. The Patwari helps the panchayat by collecting land revenue from the farmers.

So, we can state that the Patwari is the main link between the village and the government. This relation helps in the implementation of government schemes based on the needs of the village.



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