Longman Panorma Civics Solutions Solutions for Class 6 Social science Chapter 1 Diversity are provided here with simple step-by-step explanations. These solutions for Diversity are extremely popular among Class 6 students for Social science Diversity Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. All questions and answers from the Longman Panorma Civics Solutions Book of Class 6 Social science Chapter 1 are provided here for you for free. You will also love the ad-free experience on Meritnation’s Longman Panorma Civics Solutions Solutions. All Longman Panorma Civics Solutions Solutions for class Class 6 Social science are prepared by experts and are 100% accurate.

Page No 47:

Question A:

Unscramble the words to prepare a list of the activities carried out in rural areas.
GNIHSFI              RNTYCPAER                YRDIA              SABLMICKTH                RIFNAGM              EVIGWNA                

Answer:

1. Fishing

2. Dairy

3. Farming

4. Carpentry

5. Blacksmith

6. Weaving

Page No 47:

Question B1:

Small farmers generally have to borrow money from traders and bigger farmers.

Answer:

This statement is true.

Explanation: Small farmers have to borrow money from traders and big farmers because these are the main money lenders in a village. The traders have enough money earned from trading activities and the large farmers receive good income from the cultivation of their large land holdings.

Page No 47:

Question B2:

The farming by middle farmer falls in the category of subsistence farming.

Answer:

This statement is true.

Explanation: The farming by middle farmers falls in the category of subsistence farming because these farmers have small land holdings and usually grow just enough crops to feed their families. Instead of selling all of their harvest, they keep it for themselves.

Page No 47:

Question B3:

Larger farmers also cultivate their lands.

Answer:

This statement is false.

Explanation: Large farmers do not cultivate their land because of the large size of the land holdings. They usually hire other people to cultivate their land or rent it out to small farmers.

Page No 47:

Question B4:

20% of the rural population finds it difficult to make the ends meet.

Answer:

This statement is false.

Explanation: 80% of the rural population finds it difficult to make their ends meet as mostly they are either poor farmers who carry out subsistence farming or landless labourers with very low wages.

Page No 47:

Question C1:

List any five non farming activities as practices in Ballavpur. Which of these do you think would be the most important one and why?

Answer:

Ballavpur is a village located in West Bengal where the most important source of earning is agriculture.
Apart from agriculture, a number of other non-farming activities are also carried out. These are as follows:
1. Weaving
2. Fishing
3. Producing dairy products
4. Factory workers or labourers
5. Selling hand-crafted items

The most important non-farming activity in the village is fishing because Ballavpur is a coastal town where fish is an important trade item. They are sold in the local markets and are also transported to the cities.

Page No 47:

Question C2:

Is the land holding in the villages uniform amongst all the farmers? Why?

Answer:

The size of land holdings in a village is not uniform because some of the farmers in the village may be rich with large land holdings while others may be poor with very small ones.

Following are the three categories of farmers in a village:
1. The large farmers: These are rich farmers who own more than five hectares of land and generally hire people for cultivation.
2. Medium farmers/subsistence farmers: They own two to five hectares of land and generally cultivate crops to support their family.
3. Small farmers: They own less than two hectares of land, which is not enough for them to meet their basic needs. Therefore, these farmers borrow money from the moneylenders.

Page No 47:

Question C3:

Landless labourers are deprived of a number of basic facilities. Can you think what would these be?

Answer:

The landless labourers are the most exploited labourers in the hands of moneylenders or rich farmers in the village.
Because of financial constraints, they are deprived of a number of basic facilities like food, housing, health, sanitation, education and employment. The landless labourers are unable to afford these as they work only during the harvesting season and mostly remain unemployed for the rest of the year.

Page No 47:

Question C4:

Does taking loan help the farmers?

Answer:

The small farmers and landless labourers usually end up taking loans from the large farmers, to meet their basic needs. However, instead of helping them, taking loans add to their misery in the following ways:

1. The large farmers give them loans on extremely high interest rates.

2. The small farmers and labourers are not able to collect enough money and end up taking more loans to pay the previous one. Thus, they get caught in a vicious circle.

Thus, the loans benefit the large farmers instead of the small farmers and landless labourers.

Page No 47:

Question D1:

Describe the different categories of farmers in the village.

Answer:

The most important occupation in a village is farming. The size of land holdings in the village varies from farmer to farmer. Following are three different kinds of farmers in the village:

1. Large Farmers:

  • They own more than 5 hectares of land.
  • They usually rent their land to others or employ other people to work for them.
  • They have a comfortable income and are able to live a life of luxury.

2. Middle Farmers:
  • They own about 2 to 5 hectares of land.
  • They grow just enough crops to feed their families. They are, thus, dependent on subsistence farming.

3. Small Farmers:
  • They own less than 2 acres of land.
  • They usually work on others' land to fulfil their basic needs.
  • They are poor and have to borrow money from money lenders for survival.

Page No 47:

Question D2:

What do you think the government should do to improve the conditions of the farmers who get into debt?

Answer:

To take care of their basic needs, small farmers and landless labourers usually have to borrow money from big money lenders in the village. The loans are given at a high interest rate. The farmers, thus, have to keep borrowing money in order to repay their loans. This leaves very little for the farmers and they often find it difficult to survive.
The government can take the following steps to improve the condition of the farmers who get into debt:

1. The government can create more employment opportunities in the villages. They can undertake developmental work, thereby providing employment to these farmers so that they have enough money to fulfil their basic needs.

2. Banks should be established in every village. These banks should give loans to these farmers at lower rates of interest.



View NCERT Solutions for all chapters of Class 6