Ratna Sagar Civics Solutions Solutions for Class 6 Social science Chapter 2 All Human Beings Are Equal are provided here with simple step-by-step explanations. These solutions for All Human Beings Are Equal are extremely popular among class 6 students for Social science All Human Beings Are Equal Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. All questions and answers from the Ratna Sagar Civics Solutions Book of class 6 Social science Chapter 2 are provided here for you for free. You will also love the ad-free experience on Meritnation’s Ratna Sagar Civics Solutions Solutions. All Ratna Sagar Civics Solutions Solutions for class 6 Social science are prepared by experts and are 100% accurate.

Page No 17:

Question A.1:

The feelings of people are hurt by

a. habits
b. diversity
c. language
d. prejudice


The correct answer is option (d).

Explanation: People often discriminate against a person or prefer one group over another due to prejudices regarding the caste, race, colour or gender. These preconceived attitudes and opinions are deeply rooted and often cannot be changed.

Page No 18:

Question A.2:

Poor people are treated badly because of their

a. weather conditions
b. health conditions
c. working conditions
d. economic conditions


The correct option is (d).

Explanation: People are discriminated on the basis of their economic conditions. The prejudice against poor people makes them victims of ill treatment.

Page No 18:

Question A.3:

Children with special needs are no longer called

a. diverse
b. disabled
c. prejudiced
d. unusual


The correct option is (b).

Explanation: Sometimes disability emphasises a lack or deficit that one may be ashamed of. Hence, the term special is used to signify the uniqueness of the needs and capabilities of the person having the deficit..

Page No 18:

Question A.4:

The weaker and backward sections of society are protected by the

a. police
b. people
c. state
d. dalits


The correct option is (c).

Explanation: The Constitution of India covers the fundamental rights. These rights ensure the protection and equality of the weaker and backward sections of the society.

Page No 18:

Question A.5:

Everyone has the right to express their

a. languages
b. feelings
c. religions
d. opinions


The correct option is (d).

Explanation: The Constitution of India guarantees several fundamental rights to the citizens of India.These rights include the Right to Speech and Expression.

Page No 18:

Question B.1:

Prejudice and discrimination exist at both the individual and __________________.


Prejudice and discrimination exist at both the individual and social levels.

Explanation: Prejudice is a preconceived notion and attitude that one has towards another or  towards a group of people. Discrimination against the minorities or the weaker sections of the society is not only practised at the individual but also at the social level.

Page No 18:

Question B.2:

______________ means the unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice.


Discrimination means the unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice.

Explanation: Discrimination means treating a person or group differently because of a preconceived opinion. This leads to ill treatment and creation of a rift between individuals or groups.

Page No 18:

Question B.3:

Poor people are discriminated against and _______________.


Poor people are discriminated against and treated badly.

Explanation: Prejudice exists against poor people. Their economic conditions are the cause of them being discriminated against and getting ill-treatment. 

Page No 18:

Question B.4:

We must be prepared to live and work _____________.


We must be prepared to live and work harmoniously and productively.

Explanation: We must let go of prejudice and discrimination and work and live peacefully with people who belong to other communities, races or castes. This would lead to a harmonious and productive relationship among all.

Page No 18:

Question B.5:

We must remember that there is no place for ___________________ in our communities ___________.


The correct answer is discrimination .

Explanation: Discrimination creates a rift and increases bitterness . All communities, races and castes should be respected and equality should be maintained. This would lead to a peaceful and harmonious way of living.

Page No 18:

Question C.1:

Why do some people make fun of those who are different?


Ans: People of various backgrounds, castes and classes live in our country. The dissimilar ways of thinking, dressing and talking of others makes people feel unsafe around them. They are made fun of because these differences, which leads to prejudice.

Page No 18:

Question C.2:

What can prejudice be guided by ?


Ans: Prejudice is a preconceived negative notion about an individual or a group. It can be guided by the person's race, nationality, caste or religion.

Page No 18:

Question C.3:

Who is a 'special child'?


Ans: A 'special child' has capacities and needs different from the other kids around him/her. He/she has certain difficulties, disabilities that may be congenital or developed later in life. These difficulties make him/her a little different from the other children.Therefore, he/she needs special attention and care.

Page No 18:

Question C.4:

Which part of our constitution deals with Fundamental Rights? What does it contain?


Ans: Part III of the Constitution of India deals with the fundamental rights. It has a list of rights that guarantee protection to the people of India. Powerful provisions have been provided that would help to fight against all forms of discrimination.

The fundamental rights are as follows:
1) Right to Equality
2) Right to Freedom
3) Right against Exploitation
4) Right to Educational and Cultural Rights
5) Right to Freedom of Religion
6) Right to Constitutional Remedies

Page No 18:

Question D.1:

What is prejudice?


Prejudice is the formation of an unfavourable opinion or attitude about someone or a group of people without the existence of any particular reason for it. These notions and negative opinion are based solely on the race, colour, nationality, gender, caste, etc. There are different types of prejudices:

1) Racial prejudiceIt emerges from the belief that a particular race is superior to others.

2) Gender prejudice: It is the stereotyping of roles to a particular gender. For example, saying that women are not meant for engineering, science or math is having a prejudice or a preconceived notion against women.

3) Religious prejudice: It is considering a person difference because of his/her religion.

Page No 18:

Question D.2:

What is discrimination?


Ans: Discrimination means to ill treat or treat a person or a group differently. This is a result of the preconceived notions and prejudices against people of a particular race, gender, caste, nationality, etc. People sharing similar tastes and ways of living, talking and dressing feel safe around each other. People with different tastes are looked down upon and made fun of. The assumed superiority is the cause of discriminations.

Some of the types of discrimination are as follows:

1) Racial discrimination: Discriminating against someone or a group on the basis of their race is called racial discrimination.

2) Gender discrimination: Discriminating against an individual on the basis of their gender. For example,not allowing to a woman to work comes under gender discrimination.

3) Religious discrimination: Discriminating against an individual or group on the basis of religion.

Page No 18:

Question D.3:

Define the term stereotype.


Stereotype is an idea or image of a person or group that leads to the placing of a large number of people under one category. It is the generalisation of a group or class of people. When we stereotype a person, we believe him/her to have a particular set of characteristics that all members belonging to that group have. So, we tend to ignore his/her individual traits by categorising them into different groups. Stereotypes are mostly negative in nature. Some stereotypes are mentioned below:

1) Gender stereotype: It is when one generalises a particular attribute to a particular gender. Examples of gender stereotyping are girls not being considered as athletic as boys and that boys do not cry.

2) Racial stereotype: It is when one identifies a whole racial group with a particular trait. For example, saying that all Asians are good at math or all Americans are generally tolerant, is a type of racial stereotyping .

3) Religious stereotypes: It is when one identifies a person belonging to a particular religion to have certain characteristic traits. For instance, saying that all Christians are generous or all Hindus are superstitious is a type of religious stereotyping.

Page No 18:

Question D.4:

Name the categories of people for whom special steps can be taken by the government.


Special steps have been taken by the government to prevent discrimination against certain groups of people. These are the people belonging to the following categories:

1) Scheduled Castes (SC): In the caste system, the lowest rung of the system is occupied by the scheduled castes. These people were earlier considered as untouchables.

2) Scheduled Tribes (ST): They were the forest dwellers or people who belonged to tribes. They were considered outcastes and were discriminated against.

3) Backward classes and minorities: The people of backward classes are the ones who are socially and economically disadvantaged.

4) Women and children: Due to the mindset of the society, many women are discriminated against. They are denied their basic rights of life and livelihood. Children born in the economically weaker sections of the society are also exploited in the form of child labour ,which in turn, hampers their overall growth. For this, the government has stipulated required laws.

5) Physically challenged people: People with disabilities are treated differently than other people. They are often harassed, taken advantage off or are not given their due rights.

Due to the prevalent discrimination against the above mentioned groups, the constitution has laid down a set of guidelines for their protection.

Page No 18:

Question D.5:

Why do you think that caste rules are rigid?


The caste system is prevalent in India from the vedic times. Caste system was developed to divide work between different groups of people so that social harmony could be maintained. The castes turned into rigid barriers with the passage of time. 

The caste rules are rigid because of the following reasons:

1) Concentration of power: The caste system was divided into different groups. At the top were the Brahmins followed by the Kshatriyas then the Vaishyas and finally, the Shudras. To maintain their power over the society, the Brahmins devised a set of rules that were to be followed. These rules were orthodox in nature, which created a division between the existing social groups.

2) Stereotypes and prejudice: The belief that was created by the Brahmins about the segregation between people still remains deeply entrenched in peoples' minds. People do not want to break free of this outlook and want to stick with the old thoughts. Also, since some people are still not challenging this belief, the caste rules still exist.

3) Source of identity: The segregation of the society into different castes and rules led people to create an association with a particular group. People, specially those belonging to the higher strata are happy staying in the confines of their groups and unwilling to break out of it.

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