Ratna Sagar Civics Solutions Solutions for Class 6 Social science Chapter 1 Unity In Diversity are provided here with simple step-by-step explanations. These solutions for Unity In Diversity are extremely popular among Class 6 students for Social science Unity In Diversity Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. All questions and answers from the Ratna Sagar Civics Solutions Book of Class 6 Social science Chapter 1 are provided here for you for free. You will also love the ad-free experience on Meritnation’s Ratna Sagar Civics Solutions Solutions. All Ratna Sagar Civics Solutions Solutions for class Class 6 Social science are prepared by experts and are 100% accurate.

Page No 68:

Question A.1:

Certain parts of the city are banned for

a. rickshaw pullers
b. factory workers
c. street vendors
d. newspaper sellers

Answer:

The correct answer is option (c).

Explanation: Street vendors who sell eatables prepared at home are banned from entering certain parts of the city. 



Page No 69:

Question A.2:

Municipal Corporation issue __________ to people to run their business in cities.

a. money
b. licenses
c. areas
d. readymade clothes

Answer:

The correct answer is option (b).

Explanation: In cities, people who are either self-employed or run their own business are issued licences. This is done by the local bodies or the municipal corporations.

Page No 69:

Question A.3:

There is no job security or protection for

a. permanent workers
b. factory workers
c. domestic workers
d. casual workers

Answer:

The correct answer is option (d).

Explanation: Casual workers are those who set up temporary shops in parts of the city. They do not have any job security or protection. They can be asked by the policemen to remove their shops anytime.

Page No 69:

Question A.4:

The status of women in ________ areas is higher than that of women in _____________ areas.

a. high, low
b. urban, rural
c. factory, domestic
d. home, street

Answer:

The correct answer is option (b).

Explanation: In urban areas, women enjoy a higher status as compared to the rural areas. They are well educated and earn more than the women in rural areas.

Page No 69:

Question A.5:

The density of population in urban areas is

a. medium
b. low
c. high
d. zero

Answer:

The correct answer is option (c).

Explanation: The density of population in urban areas is high. This is because of the good living conditions and better earning opportunities available in the cities as compared to the rural areas.

Page No 69:

Question B.1:

People who work on the streets are not self employed.                  ___________

Answer:

The given statement is False.

Explanation: The people who work on the streets include vendors, rickshaw pullers, cobblers, newspaper sellers and barbers. They are not employed by anybody. They do not have any job security because they can be asked by the policemen to stop working any time.

Page No 69:

Question B.2:

Markets remain closed on one day of the week.                    ____________

Answer:

The given statement is True.

Explanation: The shops in the markets are issued licences by the local body, that is,  the municipal corporation. The corporation decides a day of the week on which the shops remain closed.

Page No 69:

Question B.3:

The bus ride was more comfortable than the metro ride.             _____________

Answer:

The given statement is False.

Explanation: Bus rides are less comfortable than metro rides. This is because the metros are cheaper and more convenient and follow a particular schedule. Buses, on the other hand, take a long journey time and do not have any fixed schedule.

Page No 69:

Question B.4:

Chandni gets many holidays and facilities.                   ____________

Answer:

The given statement is True.

Explanation: Chandni works as a manager in one of the companies in a city. She receives a fixed salary every month along with other facilities such as weekly holidays and bonuses for her performance. This shows that the status and condition of women in urban areas is better than that of the women in rural areas.

Page No 69:

Question C.1:

Write five examples of people who organize their own work.

Answer:

People who organise their own work are called self-employed. They set up their own business and provide services by not depending on any employer. They are given licences to set up their work from the municipal corporation. The examples of people who organise their own work are as follows:
1. Shopkeepers who sell various items like crockery and garments  
2. Street vendors selling home made items by moving from one place to another
3. Businessmen who set up factories for manufacturing items
4. Doctors who set up their own clinics
5. Workers on the street who sell various items

Page No 69:

Question C.2:

Why is the government considering relation of laws concerning street vendors?

Answer:

The street vendors do not have any job security. Police can remove their shops anytime. They are prohibited from selling their items in certain parts of the city. Upon recognising their right to earn, the government has lifted these bans. They would be allotted fixed areas in the city or allowed to move around from one place to another to earn their living. This will help the vendors to earn money on a regular basis.

Page No 69:

Question C.3:

Why did chhaggan come to the city?

Answer:

Chhaggan, a villager from Uttar Pradesh, was an agricultural labourer with no land of his own. He did not have a regular job and earned a meagre amount, which was not enough to feed his family. Therefore, he moved to the city to find the available opportunities to earn money. There, he became a rickshaw puller.

Page No 69:

Question C.4:

What kind of shops and services can you find at the local market?

Answer:

In the local market of a city, various shops and services can be found. There are shops selling utensils, electronic goods, crockery, garments, foot wears, toys and food items. Also, there are restaurants, fast food joints and shops selling ornaments, sweet, books, etc. Banks, courier services and clinics can also be found in the local market of the city.

Page No 69:

Question C.5:

List three ways in which rural urban communities may be distinguished.

Answer:

A rural community differs from an urban community in the following three ways:

1. Occupation: In rural areas, the main occupation of people is agriculture. Some may also engage in non-agricultural activities. But in urban areas, people are mostly engaged in non-agricultural activities like trade, commerce and manufacturing.
2. Population: The population in urban areas is much higher than rural areas.
3. Social division: In rural areas, people are divided on the basis of caste; however, in the urban areas, people are divided on the basis of class.

Page No 69:

Question D.1:

How is the government making the right to earn of street vendors easy?

Answer:

In the urban cities, the street vendors sell various items that are mainly home-made eatables. Earlier, they did not have any job security because the police could remove their shops any time. But, the government has realised the need of right to earn for the vendors; therefore, it is making it easy for them in the following ways:

1. Earlier, vendors were not allowed to move in certain parts of the city; however, this ban has been lifted and their right to earn has been recognised.
2. Certain areas in the city have been fixed where the vendors can sell their items without interference.
3. They are also allowed to move from one place to another.

Page No 69:

Question D.2:

Who are casual labourers? Give examples.

Answer:

Casual labourers are the ones who do not have a permanent work. Their work is irregular and consists of a series of jobs. They are paid on a day-to-day basis, depending on the work they have done on that particular day. They do not have any security, neither in terms of income nor permanence of their job. For example, the labourers, who wait for the employers to give them a job for a day like carpenters, masons and their helpers; those who dig at construction sites, lift bricks to load or unload, dig for pipelines or cables and those who whitewash houses. 

Page No 69:

Question D.3:

What benefits does Chandini get as a permanent worker?

Answer:

Chandini works as a manager in a publishing house. It is a permanent job, which means that she will remain employed even if there is no work in the company. The benefits that she gets because of her permanent job are as follows:

1. She receives a fixed salary every month.
2. She has job security; she won't be asked to leave the company.
3. Every month, a part of her salary is saved by the government on which she gets interest. She will receive this money after she retires from her job. This fund is known as provident fund.
4. She gets leaves on every Sunday and on other gazetted holidays. She can also take a leave if she is not well. For these leaves, no amount is deducted from her salary.
5. The company also pays for her medical bills up to a certain amount.

Page No 69:

Question D.4:

How do rural and urban communities differ on the basis of occupation?

Answer:

The rural and urban communities differ on the basis of occupation. The main occupation of the people of the villages is agriculture. The farmers or kisans either work on their own lands to grow crops or work as agricultural labourers on the lands of other people land where they are paid wages. There are also fishermen and small shopkeepers who earn their living by selling fishes and necessary items, respectively. In the urban areas, people are engaged in non-agricultural activities such as manufacturing, trade and commerce. The opportunities to earn money in a city are more than in the villages.

Page No 69:

Question D.5:

Santosh is a factory worker but she stays out of work for two to three months in a year. Why?

Answer:

Santosh is a casual worker who works in a factory but she stays out of work for two to three months in a year. This is because she works in a garment factory where there is work only when an order is received. When the company does not get any order, she has no work. Santosh's work depends on the need of the factory. In times of need, she has to work overtime and when she is not needed by the factory, she remains unemployed.



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