Ratna Sagar History Solutions Solutions for Class 6 Social science Chapter 1 Studying The Past are provided here with simple step-by-step explanations. These solutions for Studying The Past are extremely popular among Class 6 students for Social science Studying The Past Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. All questions and answers from the Ratna Sagar History Solutions Book of Class 6 Social science Chapter 1 are provided here for you for free. You will also love the ad-free experience on Meritnation’s Ratna Sagar History Solutions Solutions. All Ratna Sagar History Solutions Solutions for class Class 6 Social science are prepared by experts and are 100% accurate.

Page No 21:

Question A1:

In the early stages, human were _____________ and nomads.
a. hunter-gatherers
b. advanced
c. singers
d. musicians

Answer:

The correct answer is option (a).

Explanation: In the early stages, humans travelled from one place to another in search of food, water and shelter. They hunted wild animals, gathered fruits, seeds and nuts, on which they survived.

Page No 21:

Question A2:

Stone tools of _____________ Stone Age are called microliths.
a. Old
b. New
c. Middle
d. India

Answer:

The correct answer is option (c).

Explanation: The middle age lasted from about 10,000 BC to 8,000 BC, and is also known as Mesolithic Age. The stone tools of this age, microliths, were smaller, sharper and more efficient than those of the Early or Paleolithic Age.

Page No 21:

Question A3:

______________, a type of stone, was widely used for making tools and weapons.
a. Limestone
b. Flint
c. Marble
d. Shale

Answer:

The correct answer is option (b).

Explanation: Flint could be moulded into any shape because they chip easily. Therefore, this stone was used by early humans to make crude stone tools for specific needs.

Page No 21:

Question A4:

One of the greatest discoveries made by early humans was of
a. painting
b. tool making
c. hunting
d. fire

Answer:

The correct answer is option (d).

Explanation: The way fire was discovered is not known. It could only be assumed that early humans rubbed two flint stones together and sparks fell on dry leaves to produce flames. It provided light and warmth and was used to cook food. Therefore, the discovery of fire was one of the most significant discoveries in ancient times.

Page No 21:

Question A5:

Bhimbetka, in ______________, is famous for prehistoric cave paintings.
a. Uttar Pradesh
b. Madhya Pradesh
c. Karnataka
d. Orissa

Answer:

The correct answer is option (b).

Explanation: The early human beings used to paint on the walls of the caves to express their feelings, thoughts and also reflect their surrounding environment. These type of paintings have also been found in Bhimbetka in Madhya Pradesh. The paintings had been done using water and some sticky substance, such as resins from the trees.

Page No 21:

Question A6:

The __________________ and Baichbal valley in Deccan have many Stone Age sites.
a. Burzahom
b. Gufkral
c. Hunsgi
d. Chirand

Answer:

The correct answer is option (c).

Explanation: Many stone tools have been found in the Deccan. The Hungsi and Baichbal valley have been major sites where more than 200 tools have been found, both finished and unfinished. These tools are hand-axes, choppers, cleavers, scrapers, etc.



Page No 22:

Question B:

1. Early humans lived a _______________ life.
2. Animal bones and _________________ were also used to make tools.
3. The New Stone Age lasted from 8000 BC till about _________________
4. The stone tools found from the prehistoric sites of the _______________ are an important link with the past.

Answer:

1. Early humans lived a nomadic life.

Explanation: The early humans travelled from one place to another and led a nomadic life. They searched for food, shelter and water. They hunted wild animals and gathered fruits, seeds and nuts, which they consumed.

2. Animal bones and horns were also used to make tools.

Explanation: Animal bones and horns were used to make tools as these were sturdy pieces of an animal's body and could be sharpened.

3. The New Stone Age lasted from 8,000 BC till about 4,000 BC.

Explanation: The New Stone Age is also known as Neolithic Age. After the middle stone age, this age is known for sharper and more polished stone tools.

4. The stone tools found from the prehistoric sites of the Deccan are an important link with the past.

Explanation: Many stone tools have been excavated in the Deccan. This shows that the early humans lived in this area for a long time. The study on the way those tools were used would help to understand how early humans led their lives.

Page No 22:

Question C:

Tick (✔) the activities that were performed by early humans. Cross out (✖) the ones which were not.
 

1. Making fire 6. Watching television
2. Hunting animals 7. Making tolls of stone
3. Writing on clay tablets 8. Reading books
4. Chopping meat 9. Skinning animals
5. Surfing the Internet 10. Painting on cave walls

Answer:

From the given table, following were the activities that were performed by early humans:
1. Making fire
2. Hunting animals
4. Chopping meat
7. Make tools of stone
9. Skinning animals
10. Painting on cave walls

Explanation: The above mentioned activities were done by the early humans. The early humans discovered fire by rubbing two flint stones against each other. They used to make fires in front of the caves to scare away wild animals. They used to hunt wild animals, skin them and chop them. They survived on food that was hunted and gathered.
Tools made from flint stones and animal bones were used for various purposes.
They also used to paint on cave walls for their recreation. They used to express their feelings, events, surroundings, way of life through the paintings.
Writing on clay tablets developed at a later stage. The other activities such as surfing the internet, watching television and reading books are modern day innovations.

Page No 22:

Question D1:

Why were early humans always on the move?

Answer:

The early humans were always on the move because they had no means to grow food and needed to search for food, water and shelter. They were nomads and had to hunt wild animals and gather fruits, nuts and seeds in order to survive. With the exhaustion of these resources at one place, they moved to another to sustain themselves.

Page No 22:

Question D2:

What are sites? Write the names of two Mesolithic and two Neolithic sites.

Answer:

Sites are places consisting of significant evidence of any past events or activities.

The Mesolithic sites are Chopani Mando and Damdama in Uttar Pradesh.
The Neolithic sites are Burzahom site in Kashmir and Khasi, Garo in Assam.

Page No 22:

Question D3:

Why did early humans use flint to make tools?

Answer:

Early humans used flint to make tools because of the following reasons:
1. The flint stone chips easily.
2. It can be moulded into any desired shape.
3. It is a durable material that does not wear away.
Hammers, choppers and axe-heads were made out of flint.

Page No 22:

Question D4:

Why did early humans paint on cave walls?

Answer:

Early humans painted on cave walls because of the following reasons:
1. To reflect the surrounding and events of their lives through their paintings
2. Was a recreational activity
3. To express their feelings and thoughts
4. For ceremonial occasions

The most common paintings were of wild animals, such as bisons, horses, deers, etc. Hand-painted abstracts were also found in the caves.

Page No 22:

Question E1:

Name the periods into which the Stone Age is divided. How were the tools of each of these periods different from one another?

Answer:

The Stone Age was divided into three periods. The three periods are as follows:
1. Palaeolithic or Old Stone Age: This period lasted from early times till about 10,000 BC.
2. Mesolithic or Middle Stone Age: This period lasted from about 10,000 BC to 8,000 BC.
3. Neolithic or New Stone Age: This period lasted from 8,000 BC to 4,000 BC.

The characteristics of tools of the above mentioned periods of Stone Age are:
1. Palaeolithic Age: Crude stone tools were made and used during this period.
2. Mesolithic Age: The stone tools of this period also known as microliths, were smaller, sharper and more efficient than those of the earlier period. Stone, animal bones and horns were used in this age.
3. Neolithic Age: The tools of this age were sharper than those of the Middle Age. They were also polished to sparkle.

Page No 22:

Question E2:

Write any one technique of tool making.

Answer:

One of the techniques of tool making of the early humans was stone on stone.
In this method, the stone that was moulded into a tool was held in one hand. Another stone was held in the other hand. The second stone was rubbed or stroked against the first. This was continued till the first stone acquired the desired shape. In this way a tool was made. This could be used as a weapon or for other purposes.
Examples of tools were hammers, axe-heads and scrapers.

Page No 22:

Question E3:

How was fire useful to the early humans?

Answer:

Fire was first discovered by early humans. The method has not been found out. It can be assumed that it happened when two flint stones were rubbed against each other accidentally. Fire was useful to the early humans in the following ways:
1. Fire provided heat and warmth.
2. It was used as a source of light.
3. The early humans kept a fire lighted at the entrance of their caves in order to scare away wild animals.
4. Fire was used to cook food.
Thus, the discovery of fire revolutionised the way of life of ancient people.

Page No 22:

Question E4:

Write a short note on the painting discovered at Bhimbetka.

Answer:

The cave paintings at Bhimbetka in Madhya Pradesh have been an important source of information about the prehistoric era. These caves are named after 'Bhima", one of the five Pandavas of Mahabharata. Various community activities such as birth, burial, dancing, hunting, playing and cooking food have been depicted in the paintings. Wild animals like buffalo, tigers, bisons have been found in the paintings. White pigments, natural red, green and yellow are the common colours of the paintings. The colours were made using powdered rock, along with water and other sticky substances, such as resins from the trees.

Page No 22:

Question E5:

Look at pictures A and B. Which of the two do you think is a stone tool? Why?

figure A

figure B

Answer:

The stone shown in Figure B is a tool. It is a hand axe.
Figure A cannot be used as a tool because it has no sharp edge.
Figure B has been identified a tool because it has a sharp edge that could be used for various purposes. Hand axes have been the longest used stone tool made of flint. Hand axes were used for butchering animals, digging for water, chopping wood, throwing at preys and as a source for flake tools.

Page No 22:

Question E6:

A lot of paintings show hunting scenes in which the animals are shown struck with arrows and spears. Why do you think early humans made such paintings?

Answer:

The early humans painted on cave walls to express their feelings, depict their lives, events and their daily activities. Hunting wild animals and gathering food for their survival was the most important activity. The early humans made paintings that show animals struck by arrows and spears because they used to hunt animals with the use of these weapons. The paintings help us to understand their way of life and how they survived.



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