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Question A1:

The word Veda means
a. knowledge
b. period
c. hymns
d. songs

The correct answer is option (a).

Explanation: The term 'veda' is a Sanskrit word that implies 'knowledge'. They are considered as the storehouse of knowledge.

Question A2:

The period from ___________________ is called the Vedic Age.
a. 1500 – 700 BC
b. 1400 – 600 BC
c. 1500 – 600 BC
d. 1400 – 700 BC

The correct answer is option (c).

Explanation: The era between 1,500 BC and 600 BC is referred as Vedic age because during this period, the most holy scriptures of Hindu religion, Vedas, were composed.

Question A3:

The Vedic people are generally referred to as the
a. Kshatriyas
b. Aryans
c. Vaishyas
d. Dasyus

The correct answer is option (b).

Explanation: The Vedic people are generally referred to as the Aryans. It was a race that came to India from central Asia. Their name have been mentioned in the Vedas several times.

Question A4:

Each tribe had a _______________ who was selected for his bravery.
a. jana
b. mahamantri
c. senapati
d. rajan

The correct answer is option (d).

Explanation: The head of each tribe was referred to as the Rajan. He was selected from amongst the members of the tribes for his bravery. He would then lead the tribe.

Question A5:

A popular drink ____________ was prepared from milk and juice of a rare plant that grew on the mountains.
a. sura
b. soma
c. amrit
d. ghee

The correct answer is option (b).

Explanation: Soma was the popular drink that was prepared from milk and juice of a rare plant that grew on the mountains. It was drank by all men and women. It was used as an instrument of recreation.

Question A6:

Agriculture and _______________ were the main occupations.
a. metal-work
b. jewellery-making
c. pottery-making
d. cattle-rearing

The correct answer is option (d).

Explanation: The two main occupation of people in the Vedic period were agriculture and cattle-rearing. They were engaged in domesticating animals that were useful to them.

Question A7:

Dasa later came to mean a
a. slave
b. chief
c. jana
d. sabha

The correct answer is option (a).

Explanation: The terms 'dasa' and 'dasyus' were mentioned in the Vedas several times. They were later associated with the meaning 'slave'.

Question A8:

The word _____________means big stones.
a. microlith
b. megalith
c. Mesolithic
d. Chalcolithic

The correct answer is option (b).

Explanation: The literal meaning of 'megalith' is 'big boulders or big stones'. They were the big stones that are placed on the graves.

Question B:

Give one word for the following.

 1 The Rig Veda is divided into 10 ____________ 2 A pottery type associated with the Vedic Age ____________ 3 An animal held sacred ____________ 4 A Chalcolithic settlement ____________

​1. Mandals
2. Painted grey ware
3. Bull
4. Imamgaon

Question C:

Solve the following crossward.

 1 Across People who composed the Vedas 2 Down The oldest Veda 3 Across Animal that pulled chariots 4 Across Stone boulders

The following is the crossword solution:

1. People who composed the Vedas $-$ Priests
2. The oldest Veda $-$ Rig Veda
3. Animal that pulled chariots $-$ Horse
4. Stone boulders $-$ Megaliths

Question D1:

What are the Vedas? What do they contain?

The word Veda implies ‘knowledge’. There are four Vedas: Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajura Veda and Atharva Veda. They contain a number of hymns in praise of several Gods and Goddesses. They are the main source for providing information about the period from 1,500 BC to 600 BC.

Question D2:

What is the difference between sabha and samiti?

The difference between Sabha and Samiti is as follows:

 Sabha Samiti The sabha was an assembly of the elders and important people. The samiti was a general assembly, a gathering of members of every family of the jana.

Question D3:

Describe the pottery and stone tools found at Inamgaon.

Pottery has been excavated at Imamgaon. Most of the pots are red in colour. Some have black designs on them.
The stone tools excavated at this site were used to chop trees, pound meat and skin animals.

Question D4:

What do objects found in the megalithic graves indicate?

Objects found in the megalithic graves indicate the position of buried person in the tribe. For example, the graves with large number of ornaments and pots probably belonged to the rich or important people of the society.

Question E1:

What are the archaeological sources for the Vedic Age?

The period from 1,500 BC to 600 BC is referred to as the Vedic Age. A large number of archaeological excavations of this period have been unearthed. Different types of pottery has been excavated that give an insight into the life of the people in the Vedic age.
Examples:
1. Painted Grey Ware has been excavated at Hastinapur and Atranjikhera.
2. Black and Red Ware has been found at many places in the Ganga valley.

Question E2:

What were the different occupations of the people?

Agriculture and cattle rearing were the main occupation of people in Vedic times. Other common occupations were pottery making, chariot making, jewellery making, weaving, metalwork, carpentry, tanning, fishing, etc. During this period, since people started worshipping God, many people worked as priests, who also acted as doctors and teachers.

Question E3:

List the archaeological finds from Inamgaon. What do they tell us about the people who lived there?

Inamgaon is believed to be one of the largest Chalcolithic sites in India. As many as 134 mud houses have been excavated at Inamgaon. Apart from the houses, granaries have also been found. Oval-shaped pits have been found, both inside and outside houses, which suggest both indoor and outdoor cooking. Stone tools and pottery as well as copper tools and artefacts have been discovered in Inamgaon. Presence of sea shells suggests that the people of Inamgaon traded with people from other places. Terracotta figures of bull and female figure lead us to believe that these were worshipped by the inhabitants of Inamgaon.

Question E4:

Write short notes on – the Rig Veda, Megaliths.

Rig Veda - It is the oldest veda. It is divided into 10 mandals and contains 1028 hymns. These hymns are in praise of Gods and Goddesses, like Indra, Varun, Agni, Abha, etc. These hymns are composed in Vedic Sanskrit.

Megaliths - The term literally means ‘big stone’. In many places like the Deccan, south India, north-east and Kashmir, huge stone boulders arranged in circular patterns have been found. They were perhaps used to denote a burial sites or graves. These stone boulders are known as megaliths.

Question E5:

The hymns in the Rig Veda are composed in praise of gods of nature like Indra and Varuna. Why is it so?

The hymns in the Rig Veda are composed in praise of gods of nature like Indra and Varuna. This is because the Vedic people were mainly concerned with agriculture and cattle rearing and for them, the forces of nature such as rain, wind and sun, were the most important. Hence, these came to be treated as Gods and were worshipped.

Question E6:

Sabha was an assembly of the elders and was not meant for all. Why do you think Sabha was made into an exclusive body?