Rs Aggarwal 2019 Solutions for Class 7 Math Chapter 18 Reflection And Rotational Symmetry are provided here with simple step-by-step explanations. These solutions for Reflection And Rotational Symmetry are extremely popular among Class 7 students for Math Reflection And Rotational Symmetry Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. All questions and answers from the Rs Aggarwal 2019 Book of Class 7 Math Chapter 18 are provided here for you for free. You will also love the ad-free experience on Meritnation’s Rs Aggarwal 2019 Solutions. All Rs Aggarwal 2019 Solutions for class Class 7 Math are prepared by experts and are 100% accurate.

#### Page No 216:

#### Question 1:

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A scalene triangle has

(a) no line of symmetry

(b) one line of symmetry

(c) two lines of symmetry

(d) three lines of symmetry

#### Answer:

(a) no line of symmetry

#### Page No 216:

#### Question 2:

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A rectangle is symmetrical about

(a) each one of its sides

(b) each one of its diagonals

(c) a line joining the midpoints of its opposite sides

(d) none of these

#### Answer:

(c) a line joining the midpoints of its opposite sides

#### Page No 216:

#### Question 3:

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A square has

(a) one line of symmetry

(b) two lines of symmetry

(c) three lines of symmetry

(d) four lines of symmetry

#### Answer:

(d) four lines of symmetry

A square is symmetrical about both of its diagonals and both lines joining the midpoints of its opposite sides.

#### Page No 216:

#### Question 4:

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A rhombus is symmetrical about

(a) the line joining the midpoints of its opposite sides

(b) each of its diagonals

(c) perpendicular bisector of each of its sides

(d) none of these

#### Answer:

(b) each of its diagonal

#### Page No 216:

#### Question 5:

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A circle has

(a) no line of symmetry

(b) one line of symmetry

(c) two lines of symmetry

(d) an unlimited number of lines of symmetry

#### Answer:

(d) an unlimited number of lines of symmetry

A circle is symmetrical about all its diameters and a circle has unlimited number of diameters.

Therefore, a circle has unlimited number of lines of symmetry.

#### Page No 216:

#### Question 6:

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In ∆*ABC*, *AB* = *AC* and *AD* ⊥ *BC*, *BE* ⊥ *AC* and *CF *⊥ *AB*. Then ∆*ABC* is symmetrical about

(a) *AD*

(b) *BE*

(c) *CF*

(d) none of these

#### Answer:

(a) AD

This triangle is symmetrical only about AD.

Any isosceles triangle is symmetrical about its one altitude, which is drawn from the vertex between the two equal sides to the unequal side of the triangle.

#### Page No 216:

#### Question 7:

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*ABCD* is a kite in which *AB* = *AD* and *BC* = *DC*. The kite is symmetrical about

(a) the diagonal *AC*

(b) the diagonal *BD*

(c) none of these

#### Answer:

(a) the diagonal AC

Since the part ABC is symmetrical to the part ADC, AC divides the figure into two equal parts.

#### Page No 217:

#### Question 8:

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The letter O of the English alphabet has

(a) no line of symmetry

(b) one line of symmetry

(c) two lines of symmetry

(d) none of these

#### Answer:

(c) two lines of symmetry

The letter O of the English alphabetic system is symmetrical about its horizontal and vertical line.

#### Page No 217:

#### Question 9:

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the letter Z of the English alphabet has

(a) no line of symmetry

(b) one line of symmetry

(c) two lines of symmetry

(d) none of these

#### Answer:

(a) no line of symmetry

#### Page No 217:

#### Question 10:

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Draw the line (or lines) of symmetry of each of the following figures.

#### Answer:

Lines of symmetry are shown by the dotted lines.

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

#### Page No 217:

#### Question 11:

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Which of the following statements are true and which of them are false?

(i) A parallelogram has no line of symmetry.

(ii) An angle with equal arms has its bisector as the line of symmetry.

(iii) An equilateral triangle has three lines of symmetry.

(iv) A rhombus has four lines of symmetry.

(v) A square has four lines of symmetry.

(vi) A rectangle has two lines of symmetry.

(vii) Each one of the letters H, I, O, X of the English alphabet has two lines of symmetry.

#### Answer:

(i) True

(ii) True

(iii) True

(iv) False

A rhombus is symmetrical about both of its diagonals.

So, a rhombus has two lines of symmetry.

(v) True

A square is symmetrical about both of its diagonals and both the lines joining the midpoints of its opposite sides.

So, a square has four lines of symmetry.

(vi) True

A rectangle is symmetrical about both the lines joining the midpoints of its opposite sides.

So, a rectangle has two lines of symmetry.

(vii) True

Each one of the letters, H, I, O and X, of the English alphabetic system is symmetrical about its horizontal and vertical line, in the middle of the letters.

So, all these letters have two lines of symmetry.

#### Page No 219:

#### Question 1:

(i) How many lines of symmetry does an equilateral triangle have?

(ii) What is the order of rotational symmetry of an equilateral triangle?

#### Answer:

(i) An equilateral triangle has 3 lines of symmetry.

(ii) The number of positions a figure can be rotated to, without bringing in any changes to the way it looked originally, is called its order of rotational symmetry.

So, the order of rotational symmetry of an equilateral triangle is 3.

#### Page No 219:

#### Question 2:

Through what different angles should a rectangle be rotated to be in symmetrical position with the original position?

#### Answer:

If we rotate a rectangle by either 180°^{ }or 360°, it will look the same as it looked originally, i.e. it will be symmetrical.

#### Page No 219:

#### Question 3:

What is the order of rotational symmetry of a square? Give the angles of such rotations.

#### Answer:

If we rotate the square either by 90^{o}, 180^{o}, 270^{o} or by 360^{o}, the square looks exactly the same.

Therefore, the order of rotational symmetry of a square is 4.

#### Page No 219:

#### Question 4:

(i) How many lines of symmetry does a rhombus have?

(ii) What is the order of rotational symmetry of a rhombus?

#### Answer:

(i) A rhombus has 2 lines of symmetry.

(ii) When we rotate the rhombus either by 180° or by 360°, it looks the same.

Therefore, the rotational symmetry of a rhombus is 2.

#### Page No 219:

#### Question 5:

Write three letters of the English alphabet which have two lines of symmetry and rotational symmetry of order 2.

#### Answer:

H, O and X are the three letters that have 2 lines of symmetry and their order of rotational symmetry is 2.

#### Page No 219:

#### Question 6:

Give an example of a figure that has a line of symmetry but does not have rotational symmetry.

#### Answer:

The line of symmetry of an isosceles triangle is the angle bisector of its vertical angle, which is in-between the equal sides. However, it does not have any rotational symmetry.

#### Page No 219:

#### Question 7:

Does every trapezium have a line of symmetry?

#### Answer:

No, every trapezium does not have a line of symmetry.

Only an isosceles trapezium has a line of symmetry.

#### Page No 219:

#### Question 8:

What is the line of symmetry of a semicircle?

Does it have rotational symmetry?

#### Answer:

The perpendicular bisector of the diameter of a circle is its line of symmetry.

No, a semicircle does not have any rotational symmetry as it fits itself only once during a complete rotation.

#### Page No 219:

#### Question 9:

Give an example of a geometrical figure which has neither a line of symmetry nor a rotational symmetry.

#### Answer:

A scalene triangle neither has a line of symmetry nor a rotational symmetry.

#### Page No 220:

#### Question 10:

Find

(i) the number of lines of symmetry and

(ii) the order of rotational symmetry of the adjoining figure.

Draw the line of symmetry.

#### Answer:

(i) The line of symmetry of the given figure is 1.

(ii) The order of rotational symmetry of the given figure is 0.

#### Page No 220:

#### Question 11:

(i) How many lines of symmetry does the given figure have? Draw these lines.

(ii) What is the order of rotational symmetry of the given figure?

#### Answer:

(i) The given figure has 2 lines of symmetry.

(ii) The order of rotational symmetry of the given figure is 2.

#### Page No 220:

#### Question 12:

Give an example of a letter of the English alphabet which has (i) no line of symmetry and (ii) rotational symmetry of order 2.

#### Answer:

The example of a letter of the English alphabetic system which has (i) no line of symmetry and (ii) rotational symmetry of order 2 is N.

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