Select Board & Class

Login
Nihsita asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 14/6/14
😜 Váįshü_🖤 . asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on 1 week ago
Amey Parchake asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 9/3/11
Sriram Renuka asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 21/1/14
sameerbhatnagar16... asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 19/9/11
Kevin Aries Nair asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 5/7/13

 whatb is this

 

(3) उत्तम पुरुष (अहम्, आवाम्; वयम्)

इनका प्रयोग धातुरुप एवं क्रिया पदों के साथ होता है।

सर्वनाम

वे शब्द जो संज्ञा के स्थान पर प्रयुक्त होते हैं, सर्वनाम कहलाते हैं।

राम: भोजन खादति।

स: भोजनं खादति।

यहाँ राम: के स्थान पर प्रयुक्त शब्द 'स: (वह)' सर्वनाम है।

यहाँ हम आपको 'तद्' (वह) शब्द रुपों का परिचय कराएंगे। तत्पश्चात् इन शब्दों का प्रयोग करके कुछ सरल वाक्य बनाने का प्रयास करेगें।

आइए अब तद् (वह) पुँल्लिङ्ग के रुपों पर एक नज़र डालें।

 

एकवचन

द्विवचन

बहुवचन

प्रथमा:

स:

तौ

ते

द्वितीया

तम्

तौ

तान्

तृतीया

तेन

ताभ्याम्

तै:

चतुर्थी

तस्मै

ताभ्याम्

तेभ्य:

पञ्चमी

तस्मात्

ताभ्याम्

तेभ्य:

षष्ठी

तस्य

तयो:

तेषाम्

सप्तमी

तस्मिन्

तयो:

तेषु

अब हम तद् (वह) नपुंसकलिंङ्ग के रुप देखेंगे।

 

एकवचन

द्विवचन

बहुवचन

प्रथमा:

तत्

ते

तानि

द्वितीया

तत्

ते

तानि

तृतीया

तेन

ताभ्याम्

तै:

चतुर्थी

तस्मै

ताभ्याम्

तेभ्य:

पञ्चमी

तस्मात्

ताभ्याम्

तेभ्य:

षष्ठी

तस्य

तयो:

तेषाम्

सप्तमी

तस्मिन्

तयो:

तेषु

आप इन दोनों शब्द रुपों में देख सकते हैं कि दोनों के रुप लगभग समान हैं। परन्तु नपुँसकलिंङ्ग के प्रथमा तथा द्वितीया विभक्ति के रुप में भिन्नता है। यदि आप दोनों में कोई भी एक रुप याद कर लें तो दूसरा स्वत: ही आपको याद हो जाएगा।

अब हम तद (वह) स्त्रीलिंग के रुपों को देखेंगे।

 

एकवचन

द्विवचन

बहुवचन

प्रथमा:

सा

ते

ता:

द्वितीया

ताम्

ते

ता:

तृतीया

तया

ताभ्याम्

ताभि:

चतुर्थी

तस्यै

ताभ्याम्

ताभ्य:

पञ्चमी

तस्या:

ताभ्याम्

ताभ्य:

षष्ठी

तस्या:

तयो:

तासाम्

सप्तमी

तस्याम्

तयो:

तासु

आप इन शब्द रुपों को दिन में कम-से-कम एक बार अवश्य देखें। ऐसा करने से ये स्वत: ही आपको याद हो जाएंगे।

आइए अब इन शब्द रुपों के आधार पर कुछ वाक्य बनाने का अभ्यास करें।

स: पाठं पठति।

वह पाठ पढ़ता है।

सा तेन सह गृहं गच्छति।

वह उसके साथ घर जाती है।

तस्मै देवाय: नम:।

उस देवता को नमस्कार है।

तै: केन सह ओदनं खादन्ति?

वे किनके साथ चावल खाते हैं?

स: तस्मात् वनात् विभेति।

वह उस वन से ड़रता है।

तस्मिन् गृहे अहं प्रविष्यामि।

मैं उस घर में प्रवेश करुँगा।

तेषाम् सेवका: निर्धन: सन्ति।

उनके सेवक (नौकर) गरीब हैं।

तस्मिन वृक्षे एकं शुकस्य: नीड़म् अस्ति।

उस वृक्ष पर एक तोते का घोंसला है।

आप उपरोक्त वाक्यों में रेखाङ्कित शब्दों में प्रयुक्त विभक्तियों की पहचान कीजिए।

Munna Khan asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 21/7/12
Khushi asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 1/6/16
Pradnya Nair asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 9/8/11
Diya Patidar asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 12/2/16
Isha Bhandari asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 9/3/12
💕💞teju.💕💞 asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 6/6/20
Bhairavi Bakhle asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 24/9/12
Full Of 😎 Attitude asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 9/10/20
Apurv Alok asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 10/2/13
Bhoomika asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 12/10/20
Ajay Kumar asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 15/10/20
.¡ .! asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 16/10/20
Advik Lunia asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 14/9/13
Ajay Kumar asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 9/10/20
Sejal asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 30/1/11
Avi Yadav asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 12/10/20
Isha Bhandari asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 9/3/12
Ajay Kumar asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 15/10/20
ŘØŞĒ...... asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 8/9/20
Ajay Kumar asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 16/10/20
Maanit asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 30/8/13
Krish😁😅 asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 9/10/20
Ashutosh Choudhary asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 7/7/13
Queen Of Heart asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 5/9/20
Prince_💜 ...... asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 15/10/20
Ashish asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 19/10/20
Soumya Kumari asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 22/8/20
Riya asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 9/6/14
.¡ .! asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 12/10/20
Ajay Kumar asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 15/10/20
Aayush Wali asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 23/5/14
Shrutika Anshu asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 22/10/20
R. I. P Boy asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 1/9/20
Aishu Malothra asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 16/9/20
R. I. P Boy asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 1/9/20
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 11/10/20
R. I. P Boy asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 1/9/20
Shrutika Anshu asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 13/10/20
ŘØŞĒ...... asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 15/10/20
R. I. P Boy asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 5/9/20
Krish😁😅 asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 11/10/20
Shrutika Anshu asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 14/10/20
ŘØŞĒ...... asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 28/8/20
.¡ .! asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 16/10/20
Vishal Mittal asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 8/9/16
Bhoomika asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 11/10/20
ßåđmãšh βhēđñí√ asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 14/10/20
Full Of 😎 Attitude asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 16/10/20
Vishal Mittal asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 7/9/16
I Love ...... asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 4/10/20
R. I. P Boy asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 1/9/20
Vishal Mittal asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 8/9/16
Krish😁😅 asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 14/10/20
Full Of 😎 Attitude asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 16/10/20
Gauri Sharma asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 26/8/20
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 24/8/20
Takahashi Juri asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 8/9/20
Khushi asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 31/5/16
Ft Do Enough asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 21/4/20
Sparkle 😜 asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 9/9/20
Khushi asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 31/5/16
Sudhanshu Verma asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 29/5/20
Satyam Jha asked a question
Subject: Sanskrit, asked on on 26/5/20
What are you looking for?

Syllabus