Longman Panorma Civics Solutions Solutions for Class 7 Social science Chapter 4 Working Of The State Government are provided here with simple step-by-step explanations. These solutions for Working Of The State Government are extremely popular among class 7 students for Social science Working Of The State Government Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. All questions and answers from the Longman Panorma Civics Solutions Book of class 7 Social science Chapter 4 are provided here for you for free. You will also love the ad-free experience on Meritnation’s Longman Panorma Civics Solutions Solutions. All Longman Panorma Civics Solutions Solutions for class 7 Social science are prepared by experts and are 100% accurate.

Page No 29:

Question A.1:

Health is the basic _______ right of all people.

Answer:

Health is the basic human right of all people.

Explanation - Healthy individual is an important asset of any country; therefore, it is the responsibility of the government to provide adequate healthcare facilities to its citizens for their overall development.

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Question A.2:

Public healthcare centres take care of health in the _________ areas.

Answer:

Public healthcare centres take care of health in the urban and rural areas.

Explanation - Public healthcare facilities are owned and run by the government in the form of government hospitals, dispensaries, clinics, etc. These are handled by trained doctors, nurses and healthcare workers.

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Question A.3:

The _________ states that providing health facility is the primary responsibility of the government.

Answer:

The Constitution of India states that providing health facility is the primary responsibility of the government.

Explanation - The government is responsible for making the medical facilities available for the general public at an affordable cost in a proper and planned manner.

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Question A.4:

The infrastructure in ________ health services is better than ________ health services.

Answer:

The infrastructure in private health services is better than public health services.

Explanation - The aim of private health services is to make profit. Hence, they provide better facilities and infrastructure to the people at a higher cost as compared to the public healthcare providers.

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Question A.5:

Gender discrimination prevents ___________ access to healthcare facilities.

Answer:

Gender discrimination prevents universal access to healthcare facilities.

Explanation - Women are considered inferior to their male counterparts and hence, they are not provided equal access to healthcare services.

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Question B.1:

What do you understand by health?

Answer:

Health was initially considered as the physical wellness of an individual; however, today the horizons have broadened and this term includes mental wellness along with physical wellness. The World Health Organisation (WHO) has given a definition of health as 'a state of physical, social and mental well being of an individual and not just a mere absence of diseases.'

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Question B.2:

Why public health facilities are named so?

Answer:

'Public health facilities' are named so as they aim at providing healthcare facilities to all people, regardless of their economic background, at a very affordable cost. This is in contrast to the private hospitals that are established with a sole motive of making profit and, thus, cater to economically strong sections of the society. It is the responsibility of the government to provide basic health services to general public in both rural and urban areas. They may be in the form of hospitals , dispensaries or healthcare centres.

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Question B.3:

What does the court uphold as one of the primary responsibility of government?

Answer:

The court has upheld that providing healthcare services to the general public is the primary responsibility of  government. It has directed the government and heath centres to ensure that following measures are undertaken:

  1. Instant medical aid to be provided to every injured individual.
  2. Providing treatment should be the sole purpose of the medical staff.
  3. The life of people must be safeguarded at any cost.
  4. Even if a person is declared a criminal, making every effort to save his/her life is necessary.

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Question B.4:

Which sections of society experience inequality in healthcare facilities?

Answer:

Healthcare facilities are not readily available to all sections of the society. The poor and women are the worst affected sections of the society. Since the basic facilities like water, sanitation and housing are not available to the poor people, they are more prone to ill health.
On the other hand, Indian society tends to extend all benefits and facilities to males rather than females. Women are debarred from good nutritional diet and access to medical institutions. These tend to make women vulnerable to health crisis.

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Question C.1:

Compare the private and public healthcare facilities.

Answer:

Public Healthcare Facilities Private Healthcare Facilities
These facilities are owned and run by the government. These facilities are owned and run by profit-oriented individuals and institutions.
Providing service to the people is the motive of such facilities. Profit making is the sole motive of such facilities.
Infrastructure of these facilities is not that good. These facilities possess world class infrastructure.
Treatment is done either free of cost or at a very minimal price. High prices are charged for the providing treatment to the patients.

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Question C.2:

Discuss the ways in which the government can provide healthcare to all.

Answer:

Healthcare is not just a basic human right but is also very essential for the social and economic development of any individual. A healthy population is a prerequisite for the complete development of nation. Hence, it is the prime responsibility of the government to provide healthcare facilities to every citizen of this country at a very affordable price. Today, the healthcare facilities are not provided in a balanced manner to everybody, especially to the weaker sections of the society. Therefore, special attention must be given to these sections of the society to ​cater to their needs.

Government should open more hospitals, research laboratories and dispensaries to provide healthcare facilities to people who cannot afford the services of private healthcare. The services must be priced reasonably in order to make them affordable. Research in the medical field also needs to be incentivised to ensure that expensive medicines can be manufactured locally and a knowledge base is built. This requires a massive investment and a greater allocation of national resources, whether monetary or human, in the sector of healthcare.



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